Many folks use record weights, but not everybody understands them. Visit any audio forum and you will see plenty of debate over the pros vs. cons of using one. Is it just a glorified paper weight, or is there more to it?
Let’s get real. Is a record weight the missing link that will make your listening room sound like Carnegie Hall? No, not by a long shot. If you’re on a budget, you’ll get more bang-for-your-buck by upgrading essential music-making components like your cartridge or your speakers. But, if you have a capable stereo system and want your turntable to perform at its very best, consider a record weight the icing on the cake.
For those unfamiliar, a record weight is a puck-like object designed to be placed on the center of your records during playback. Record clamps are similar, but clamps typically physically clamp (hence the name) onto your turntable’s spindle. More on this shortly.
For the Orbit, we recommend using a simple record weight that is around 1 lb. Here is the record weight that we make specifically for the Orbit. We don’t recommend using a clamp with the Orbit, since (a) many clamps don’t work well with the turntable’s relatively short spindle, and (b) some clamps might damage the spindle when tightened.
How do you set up an angel horn turntable?
And that’s pretty much it you’re ready to go the lid comes on and off for a versatile look and design if we take a look at the back of the unit. This is where you’ll find all your inputs. And outputs.
First of all, shipping was incredibly fast. Setting it up was super easy thanks to the easy to follow instructions. Sound is awesome. Unbeatable price. 100% recommended.My husband wanted a portable turntable to play the many records that he bought years ago when he was in college. My husband was a music major in college, is a retired music teacher, and an active trombonist. He has a very good ear. He found the sound quite satisfactory for a portable record player.
I am very pleased so far with this Angels Horn product. I have made multiple videos with my vinyl and my new turntable because it so enjoyable and I want to share my joy and music. I am sooo happy with my Angels Horn H00501 Turntable and Bluetooth speakers. I did a lot of research before purchasing. I am so glad I decided to go with Angels Horn to start my audiophile journey. All record players have a certain age, which makes them something special; they play music at different times, but they also all have a certain look and uniqueness, uniqueness and are so much fun to use. You can’t really compare them. If you want to read more about the oldest record players, continue reading below. RCA Victor introduced the first vinyl record to be mass-produced. The company was hoping to compete with the popularity of gramophone records and radio programs, but they were also looking to capitalize on the explosive growth in sales of stereophonic records, which were released by RCA Victor’s competitors. Record players were the first devices used to create and play music on a record. They were invented in the late 19th century, but it was not until the early 20th century that they became popular.It produced a mechanical recording of human speech using a tinfoil cylinder wrapped in black wax and coated with an alkaline solution. The recording was made by cutting off small pieces of the cylinder and dropping them into a solution of carbonate of soda, which reacted with the tinfoil to leave behind a negative impression.
Gramophones can be used in two ways: playing back pre recorded sounds or recording new ones yourself. If you have a phonograph that can playback pre recorded music, you can make a recording of your own voice singing or playing different instruments on top of your favorite songs.The Phonograph was invented by Thomas A. Edison in 1877. It was a device that could record and playback sound, and it quickly became popular as a way to send messages, announce news, and even make music. The phonograph was essentially an early form of tape recorder—a machine that records sound waves and reproduces them later on for listening or printing purposes. The record player’s main purpose was to be able to reproduce music from records, which were made with a groove that could be cut into the grooves of the records using a machine called a phonograph. This machine would then separate the sound waves into different frequencies and produce an electrical signal that could be sent to speakers or headphones.A gramophone record consists of a flat disc with grooves cut into it. The sound waves are cut into the groove with a needle and then bounced back to the horn, which amplifies them and sends them to your ear. At first, Edison intended for his invention to be used as a method for distributing news from faraway places; instead, it became one of the most popular consumer products of its time and paved the way for other forms of entertainment media like radio broadcasting and motion pictures. The device is a combination of a crystal microphone, which picks up sound vibrations and converts them into an electric signal that can be recorded on paper, and a stylus that moves across the paper to reproduce those vibrations. The history of record players is a long one. From the early days of music until today, technology has changed rapidly. During this time period, many different kinds of record players were invented. The positive impression was then transferred to another piece of tinfoil through friction, causing it to vibrate at the same frequency as the original recording.It was invented in 1969 by Shuichi Obata, who was part of an engineering team working for Panasonic. They were tasked with creating a way to record sound onto vinyl records, which had been impossible until then because it required a stylus that could be moved across the surface of the record and read off as vibrations.
Phonautograph was invented in 1857 by French scientist Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville, making it the oldest record player ever made. It was a mechanical phonograph that recorded sounds with a needle that moved across a stylus, which could be moved back and forth over a thin sheet of paper.
Obata’s team developed a new type of turntable that used direct drive technology—a concept borrowed from cars—to move a belt that carried the stylus around inside of it. The resulting sound was much clearer than anything produced before.
The SP-10 Direct Drive Turntable is the first turntable ever made and is considered by many to be one of the most important innovations in the history of recording.
Alexander Graham Bell and his two associates took Edison’s tinfoil phonograph and modified it considerably to make it reproduce sound from wax instead of tinfoil. They began their work at Bell’s Volta Laboratory in Washington, D. C., in 1879, and continued until they were granted basic patents in 1886 for recording in wax. USB turntables have a built-in audio interface, which transfers the sound directly to the connected computer. Some USB turntables transfer the audio without equalization, but are sold with software that allows the EQ of the transferred audio file to be adjusted. There are also many turntables on the market designed to be plugged into a computer via a USB port for needle dropping purposes. Usage of terminology is not uniform across the English-speaking world (see below). In more modern usage, the playback device is often called a “turntable”, “record player”, or “record changer”, although each of these terms denote categorically distinct items. When used in conjunction with a mixer as part of a DJ setup, turntables are often colloquially called “decks”. In later electric phonographs (more often known since the 1940s as record players or turntables), the motions of the stylus are converted into an analogous electrical signal by a transducer, then converted back into sound by a loudspeaker.
What is a really old record player called?
The phonograph was invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison. Alexander Graham Bell’s Volta Laboratory made several improvements in the 1880s and introduced the graphophone, including the use of wax-coated cardboard cylinders and a cutting stylus that moved from side to side in a zigzag groove around the record.
The device’s true significance in the history of recorded sound was not fully realized prior to March 2008, when it was discovered and resurrected in a Paris patent office by First Sounds, an informal collaborative of American audio historians, recording engineers, and sound archivists founded to make the earliest sound recordings available to the public. The phonautograms were then digitally converted by scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, who were able to play back the recorded sounds, something Scott had never conceived of. Prior to this point, the earliest known record of a human voice was thought to be an 1877 phonograph recording by Thomas Edison. The phonautograph would play a role in the development of the gramophone, whose inventor, Emile Berliner, worked with the phonautograph in the course of developing his own device. A phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or since the 1940s called a record player, or more recently a turntable, is a device for the mechanical and analogue recording and reproduction of sound. The sound vibration waveforms are recorded as corresponding physical deviations of a spiral groove engraved, etched, incised, or impressed into the surface of a rotating cylinder or disc, called a “record”. To recreate the sound, the surface is similarly rotated while a playback stylus traces the groove and is therefore vibrated by it, very faintly reproducing the recorded sound. In early acoustic phonographs, the stylus vibrated a diaphragm which produced sound waves which were coupled to the open air through a flaring horn, or directly to the listener’s ears through stethoscope-type earphones. By 1890, record manufacturers had begun using a rudimentary duplication process to mass-produce their product. While the live performers recorded the master phonograph, up to ten tubes led to blank cylinders in other phonographs. Until this development, each record had to be custom-made. Before long, a more advanced pantograph-based process made it possible to simultaneously produce 90–150 copies of each record. However, as demand for certain records grew, popular artists still needed to re-record and re-re-record their songs. Reportedly, the medium’s first major African-American star George Washington Johnson was obliged to perform his “The Laughing Song” (or the separate “The Whistling Coon”) literally thousands of times in a studio during his recording career. Sometimes he would sing “The Laughing Song” more than fifty times in a day, at twenty cents per rendition. (The average price of a single cylinder in the mid-1890s was about fifty cents.)
In British English, “gramophone” may refer to any sound-reproducing machine using disc records, which were introduced and popularized in the UK by the Gramophone Company. Originally, “gramophone” was a proprietary trademark of that company and any use of the name by competing makers of disc records was vigorously prosecuted in the courts, but in 1910 an English court decision decreed that it had become a generic term;
Scott coated a plate of glass with a thin layer of lampblack. He then took an acoustic trumpet, and at its tapered end affixed a thin membrane that served as the analog to the eardrum. At the center of that membrane, he attached a rigid boar’s bristle approximately a centimeter long, placed so that it just grazed the lampblack. As the glass plate was slid horizontally in a well formed groove at a speed of one meter per second, a person would speak into the trumpet, causing the membrane to vibrate and the stylus to trace figures that were scratched into the lampblack. On March 25, 1857, Scott received the French patent #17,897/31,470 for his device, which he called a phonautograph. The earliest known surviving recorded sound of a human voice was conducted on April 9, 1860, when Scott recorded someone singing the song “Au Clair de la Lune” (“By the Light of the Moon”) on the device. However, the device was not designed to play back sounds, as Scott intended for people to read back the tracings, which he called phonautograms. This was not the first time someone had used a device to create direct tracings of the vibrations of sound-producing objects, as tuning forks had been used in this way by English physicist Thomas Young in 1807. By late 1857, with support from the Société d’encouragement pour l’industrie nationale, Scott’s phonautograph was recording sounds with sufficient precision to be adopted by the scientific community, paving the way for the nascent science of acoustics.
The basic distinction between the Edison’s first phonograph patent and the Bell and Tainter patent of 1886 was the method of recording. Edison’s method was to indent the sound waves on a piece of tin foil, while Bell and Tainter’s invention called for cutting, or “engraving”, the sound waves into a wax record with a sharp recording stylus.In 1955, Philco developed and produced the world’s first all-transistor phonograph models TPA-1 and TPA-2, which were announced in the June 28, 1955 edition of the Wall Street Journal. Philco started to sell these all-transistor phonographs in the fall of 1955, for the price of $59.95. The October 1955 issue of Radio & Television News magazine (page 41), had a full page detailed article on Philco’s new consumer product. The all-transistor portable phonograph TPA-1 and TPA-2 models played only 45rpm records and used four 1.5 volt “D” batteries for their power supply. The “TPA” stands for “Transistor Phonograph Amplifier”. Their circuitry used three Philco germanium PNP alloy-fused junction audio frequency transistors. After the 1956 season had ended, Philco decided to discontinue both models, for transistors were too expensive compared to vacuum tubes, but by 1961 a $49.95 ($489.15 in 2021) portable, battery-powered radio-phonograph with seven transistors was available.
The Shibata-designed stylus offers a greater contact surface with the groove, which in turn means less pressure over the vinyl surface and thus less wear. A positive side effect is that the greater contact surface also means the stylus will read sections of the vinyl that were not touched (or “worn”) by the common spherical stylus. In a demonstration by JVC records “worn” after 500 plays at a relatively very high 4.5 gf tracking force with a spherical stylus, played “as new” with the Shibata profile.
Discs (that aren’t re-recordable) are not inherently better than cylinders at providing audio fidelity. Rather, the advantages of the format are seen in the manufacturing process: discs can be stamped, and the matrixes to stamp disc can be shipped to other printing plants for a global distribution of recordings; cylinders could not be stamped until 1901–1902, when the gold moulding process was introduced by Edison.Although Edison had invented the phonograph in 1877, the fame bestowed on him for this invention was not due to its efficiency. Recording with his tinfoil phonograph was too difficult to be practical, as the tinfoil tore easily, and even when the stylus was properly adjusted, its reproduction of sound was distorted, and good for only a few playbacks; nevertheless Edison had discovered the idea of sound recording. However immediately after his discovery he did not improve it, allegedly because of an agreement to spend the next five years developing the New York City electric light and power system.
The disc phonograph record was the dominant commercial audio distribution format throughout most of the 20th century. In the 1960s, the use of 8-track cartridges and cassette tapes were introduced as alternatives. In the 1980s, phonograph use declined sharply due to the popularity of cassettes and the rise of the compact disc, as well as the later introduction of digital music distribution in the 2000s, both audio file downloads and streaming. However, records are still a favorite format for some audiophiles, DJs, collectors, and turntablists (particularly in hip hop and electronic dance music), and have undergone a revival since the 2000s. This resurgence has a lot to do with “vinyl’s” sparing use of audio processing, intending more natural sound on high quality replay equipment, compared to many digital releases that are highly processed for portable players in high environmental noise. However unlike “plug-and-play” digital audio, vinyl has “user-serviceable parts inside” which require attention to tonearm alignment and the wear and choice of stylus, the most critical component affecting turntable sound.
A keel-shaped diamond stylus appeared as a byproduct of the invention of the CED Videodisc. This, together with laser-diamond-cutting technologies, made possible the “ridge” shaped stylus, such as the Namiki (1985) design, and Fritz Gyger (1989) design. This type of stylus is marketed as “MicroLine” (Audio technica), “Micro-Ridge” (Shure), or “Replicant” (Ortofon).Other advanced stylus shapes appeared following the same goal of increasing contact surface, improving on the Shibata. Chronologically: “Hughes” Shibata variant (1975), “Ogura” (1978), Van den Hul (1982). Such a stylus may be marketed as “Hyperelliptical” (Shure), “Alliptic”, “Fine Line” (Ortofon), “Line contact” (Audio Technica), “Polyhedron”, “LAC”, or “Stereohedron” (Stanton).
Through experimentation, in 1892 Berliner began commercial production of his disc records and “gramophones”. His “gramophone record” was the first disc record to be offered to the public. They were five inches (13 cm) in diameter and recorded on one side only. Seven-inch (17.5 cm) records followed in 1895. Also in 1895 Berliner replaced the hard rubber used to make the discs with a shellac compound. Berliner’s early records had very poor sound quality, however. Work by Eldridge R. Johnson eventually improved the sound fidelity to a point where it was as good as the cylinder.
In 1885, when the Volta Associates were sure that they had a number of practical inventions, they filed patent applications and began to seek out investors. The Volta Graphophone Company of Alexandria, Virginia, was created on January 6, 1886, and incorporated on February 3, 1886. It was formed to control the patents and to handle the commercial development of their sound recording and reproduction inventions, one of which became the first Dictaphone.On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the phonograph, Edison recounted reciting Mary Had a Little Lamb to test his first machine. The 1927 event was filmed by an early sound-on-film newsreel camera, and an audio clip from that film’s soundtrack is sometimes mistakenly presented as the original 1877 recording. Wax cylinder recordings made by 19th century media legends such as P. T. Barnum and Shakespearean actor Edwin Booth are amongst the earliest verified recordings by the famous that have survived to the present.
The direct-drive turntable was invented by Shuichi Obata, an engineer at Matsushita (now Panasonic). In 1969, Matsushita released it as the Technics SP-10, the first direct-drive turntable on the market.An account of his invention was published on October 10, 1877, by which date Cros had devised a more direct procedure: the recording stylus could scribe its tracing through a thin coating of acid-resistant material on a metal surface and the surface could then be etched in an acid bath, producing the desired groove without the complication of an intermediate photographic procedure. The author of this article called the device a phonographe, but Cros himself favored the word paleophone, sometimes rendered in French as voix du passé (‘voice of the past’).
After the Volta Associates gave several demonstrations in the City of Washington, businessmen from Philadelphia created the American Graphophone Company on March 28, 1887, in order to produce and sell the machines for the budding phonograph marketplace. The Volta Graphophone Company then merged with American Graphophone, which itself later evolved into Columbia Records.
An alternative approach is to take a high-resolution photograph or scan of each side of the record and interpret the image of the grooves using computer software. An amateur attempt using a flatbed scanner lacked satisfactory fidelity. A professional system employed by the Library of Congress produces excellent quality.
A few specialist laser turntables read the groove optically using a laser pickup. Since there is no physical contact with the record, no wear is incurred. However, this “no wear” advantage is debatable, since vinyl records have been tested to withstand even 1200 plays with no significant audio degradation, provided that it is played with a high quality cartridge and that the surfaces are clean.
Early developments in linear turntables were from Rek-O-Kut (portable lathe/phonograph) and Ortho-Sonic in the 1950s, and Acoustical in the early 1960s. These were eclipsed by more successful implementations of the concept from the late 1960s through the early 1980s.
The sound vibrations had been indented in the wax which had been applied to the Edison phonograph. The following was the text of one of their recordings: “There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamed of in your philosophy. I am a Graphophone and my mother was a phonograph.” Most of the disc machines designed at the Volta Lab had their disc mounted on vertical turntables. The explanation is that in the early experiments, the turntable, with disc, was mounted on the shop lathe, along with the recording and reproducing heads. Later, when the complete models were built, most of them featured vertical turntables.In some high quality equipment the arm carrying the pickup, known as a tonearm, is manufactured separately from the motor and turntable unit. Companies specialising in the manufacture of tonearms include the English company SME. The Argus newspaper from Melbourne, Australia, reported on an 1878 demonstration at the Royal Society of Victoria, writing “There was a large attendance of ladies and gentlemen, who appeared greatly interested in the various scientific instruments exhibited. Among these the most interesting, perhaps, was the trial made by Mr. Sutherland with the phonograph, which was most amusing. Several trials were made, and were all more or less successful. “Rule Britannia” was distinctly repeated, but great laughter was caused by the repetition of the convivial song of “He’s a jolly good fellow,” which sounded as if it was being sung by an old man of 80 with a very cracked voice.” The most influential direct-drive turntable was the Technics SL-1200, which, following the spread of turntablism in hip hop culture, became the most widely-used turntable in DJ culture for several decades.Throughout the first decade (1890–1900) of commercial production of the earliest crude disc records, the direct acid-etch method first invented by Cros was used to create the metal master discs, but Cros was not around to claim any credit or to witness the humble beginnings of the eventually rich phonographic library he had foreseen. He had died in 1888 at the age of 45.
In 2017, vinyl LP sales were slightly decreased, at a rate of 5%, in comparison to previous years’ numbers, regardless of the noticeable rise of vinyl records sales worldwide.
In the 1930s, vinyl (originally known as vinylite) was introduced as a record material for radio transcription discs, and for radio commercials. At that time, virtually no discs for home use were made from this material. Vinyl was used for the popular 78-rpm V-discs issued to US soldiers during World War II. This significantly reduced breakage during transport. The first commercial vinylite record was the set of five 12″ discs “Prince Igor” (Asch Records album S-800, dubbed from Soviet masters in 1945). Victor began selling some home-use vinyl 78s in late 1945; but most 78s were made of a shellac compound until the 78-rpm format was completely phased out. (Shellac records were heavier and more brittle.) 33s and 45s were, however, made exclusively of vinyl, with the exception of some 45s manufactured out of polystyrene.
The work of the Volta Associates laid the foundation for the successful use of dictating machines in business, because their wax recording process was practical and their machines were durable. But it would take several more years and the renewed efforts of Edison and the further improvements of Emile Berliner and many others, before the recording industry became a major factor in home entertainment.
Thomas Edison conceived the principle of recording and reproducing sound between May and July 1877 as a byproduct of his efforts to “play back” recorded telegraph messages and to automate speech sounds for transmission by telephone. His first experiments were with waxed paper. He announced his invention of the first phonograph, a device for recording and replaying sound, on November 21, 1877 (early reports appear in Scientific American and several newspapers in the beginning of November, and an even earlier announcement of Edison working on a ‘talking-machine’ can be found in the Chicago Daily Tribune on May 9 ), and he demonstrated the device for the first time on November 29 (it was patented on February 19, 1878, as US Patent 200,521). “In December, 1877, a young man came into the office of the Scientific American, and placed before the editors a small, simple machine about which very few preliminary remarks were offered. The visitor without any ceremony whatever turned the crank, and to the astonishment of all present the machine said: ‘Good morning. How do you do? How do you like the phonograph?’ The machine thus spoke for itself, and made known the fact that it was the phonograph…”Cros was a poet of meager means, not in a position to pay a machinist to build a working model, and largely content to bequeath his ideas to the public domain free of charge and let others reduce them to practice, but after the earliest reports of Edison’s presumably independent invention crossed the Atlantic he had his sealed letter of April 30 opened and read at the December 3, 1877 meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, claiming due scientific credit for priority of conception.
Since the late 1950s, almost all phono input stages have used the RIAA equalization standard. Before settling on that standard, there were many different equalizations in use, including EMI, HMV, Columbia, Decca FFRR, NAB, Ortho, BBC transcription, etc. Recordings made using these other equalization schemes will typically sound odd if they are played through a RIAA-equalized preamplifier. High-performance (so-called “multicurve disc”) preamplifiers, which include multiple, selectable equalizations, are no longer commonly available. However, some vintage preamplifiers, such as the LEAK varislope series, are still obtainable and can be refurbished. Newer preamplifiers like the Esoteric Sound Re-Equalizer or the K-A-B MK2 Vintage Signal Processor are also available.
Lambert’s lead cylinder recording for an experimental talking clock is often identified as the oldest surviving playable sound recording, although the evidence advanced for its early date is controversial. Wax phonograph cylinder recordings of Handel’s choral music made on June 29, 1888, at The Crystal Palace in London were thought to be the oldest-known surviving musical recordings, until the recent playback by a group of American historians of a phonautograph recording of Au clair de la lune made on April 9, 1860.
Meanwhile, Bell, a scientist and experimenter at heart, was looking for new worlds to conquer after having patented the telephone. According to Sumner Tainter, it was through Gardiner Green Hubbard that Bell took up the phonograph challenge. Bell had married Hubbard’s daughter Mabel in 1879 while Hubbard was president of the Edison Speaking Phonograph Co., and his organization, which had purchased the Edison patent, was financially troubled because people did not want to buy a machine which seldom worked well and proved difficult for the average person to operate.
A coin-operated version of the Graphophone, U.S. Patent 506,348, was developed by Tainter in 1893 to compete with nickel-in-the-slot entertainment phonograph U.S. Patent 428,750 demonstrated in 1889 by Louis T. Glass, manager of the Pacific Phonograph Company. The phonautograph was invented on March 25, 1857, by Frenchman Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville, an editor and typographer of manuscripts at a scientific publishing house in Paris. One day while editing Professor Longet’s Traité de Physiologie, he happened upon that customer’s engraved illustration of the anatomy of the human ear, and conceived of “the imprudent idea of photographing the word.” In 1853 or 1854 (Scott cited both years) he began working on “le problème de la parole s’écrivant elle-même” (“the problem of speech writing itself”), aiming to build a device that could replicate the function of the human ear. The 1860 phonautogram had not until then been played, as it was only a transcription of sound waves into graphic form on paper for visual study. Recently developed optical scanning and image processing techniques have given new life to early recordings by making it possible to play unusually delicate or physically unplayable media without physical contact.A development in stylus form came about by the attention to the CD-4 quadraphonic sound modulation process, which requires up to 50 kHz frequency response, with cartridges like Technics EPC-100CMK4 capable of playback on frequencies up to 100 kHz. This requires a stylus with a narrow side radius, such as 5 µm (or 0.2 mil). A narrow-profile elliptical stylus is able to read the higher frequencies (greater than 20 kHz), but at an increased wear, since the contact surface is narrower. For overcoming this problem, the Shibata stylus was invented around 1972 in Japan by Norio Shibata of JVC.
Turntables continued to be manufactured and sold in the 2010s, although in small numbers. While some people still like the sound of vinyl records over that of digital music sources (mainly compact discs), they represent a minority of listeners. As of 2015, the sale of vinyl LPs has increased 49–50% percent from the previous year, although small in comparison to the sale of other formats which although more units were sold (Digital Sales, CDs) the more modern formats experienced a decline in sales.
To address the problem of steel needle wear upon records, which resulted in the cracking of the latter, RCA Victor devised unbreakable records in 1930, by mixing polyvinyl chloride with plasticisers, in a proprietary formula they called Victrolac, which was first used in 1931, in motion picture discs.Edison’s early phonographs recorded onto a thin sheet of metal, normally tinfoil, which was temporarily wrapped around a helically grooved cylinder mounted on a correspondingly threaded rod supported by plain and threaded bearings. While the cylinder was rotated and slowly progressed along its axis, the airborne sound vibrated a diaphragm connected to a stylus that indented the foil into the cylinder’s groove, thereby recording the vibrations as “hill-and-dale” variations of the depth of the indentation.
Styli are classified as spherical or elliptical, although they are actually shaped as a half-sphere or a half-ellipsoid. Spherical styli cause less wear to the record groove than elliptical styli, while elliptical styli offer higher sound quality.In Australian English, “record player” was the term; “turntable” was a more technical term; “gramophone” was restricted to the old mechanical (i.e., wind-up) players; and “phonograph” was used as in British English. The “phonograph” was first demonstrated in Australia on 14 June 1878 to a meeting of the Royal Society of Victoria by the Society’s Honorary Secretary, Alex Sutherland who published “The Sounds of the Consonants, as Indicated by the Phonograph” in the Society’s journal in November that year. On 8 August 1878 the phonograph was publicly demonstrated at the Society’s annual conversazione, along with a range of other new inventions, including the microphone.
What is the oldest record player?
Phonautograph was invented in 1857 by French scientist Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville, making it the oldest record player ever made. It was a mechanical phonograph that recorded sounds with a needle that moved across a stylus, which could be moved back and forth over a thin sheet of paper.
In American English, “phonograph”, properly specific to machines made by Edison, was sometimes used in a generic sense as early as the 1890s to include cylinder-playing machines made by others. But it was then considered strictly incorrect to apply it to Emile Berliner’s Gramophone, a very different machine which played nonrecordable discs (although Edison’s original Phonograph patent included the use of discs.)The pickup or cartridge is a transducer that converts mechanical vibrations from a stylus into an electrical signal. The electrical signal is amplified and converted into sound by one or more loudspeakers. Crystal and ceramic pickups that use the piezoelectric effect have largely been replaced by magnetic cartridges.
The music critic Herman Klein attended an early demonstration (1881–2) of a similar machine. On the early phonograph’s reproductive capabilities he writes “It sounded to my ear like someone singing about half a mile away, or talking at the other end of a big hall; but the effect was rather pleasant, save for a peculiar nasal quality wholly due to the mechanism, though there was little of the scratching which later was a prominent feature of the flat disc. Recording for that primitive machine was a comparatively simple matter. I had to keep my mouth about six inches away from the horn and remember not to make my voice too loud if I wanted anything approximating to a clear reproduction; that was all. When it was played over to me and I heard my own voice for the first time, one or two friends who were present said that it sounded rather like mine; others declared that they would never have recognised it. I daresay both opinions were correct.”The phonograph was invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison. Alexander Graham Bell’s Volta Laboratory made several improvements in the 1880s and introduced the graphophone, including the use of wax-coated cardboard cylinders and a cutting stylus that moved from side to side in a zigzag groove around the record. In the 1890s, Emile Berliner initiated the transition from phonograph cylinders to flat discs with a spiral groove running from the periphery to near the center, coining the term gramophone for disc record players, which is predominantly used in many languages. Later improvements through the years included modifications to the turntable and its drive system, the stylus or needle, pickup system, and the sound and equalization systems.
Why is my Angels Horn turntable spinning so fast?
This problem is most often due to a belt that is improperly installed. If the belt slips out of the groove when the turntable is played and is able to ride up or down on the spindle, the platter will spin too fast. You’ll need to adjust the position of the belt on the inner ring of the platter.
A recording made on a sheet of tinfoil at an 1878 demonstration of Edison’s phonograph in St. Louis, Missouri, has been played back by optical scanning and digital analysis. A few other early tinfoil recordings are known to survive, including a slightly earlier one which is believed to preserve the voice of U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes, but as of May 2014 they have not yet been scanned. These antique tinfoil recordings, which have typically been stored folded, are too fragile to be played back with a stylus without seriously damaging them. Edison’s 1877 tinfoil recording of Mary Had a Little Lamb, not preserved, has been called the first instance of recorded verse.
What is the golden age of record players?
The Golden Age Record players became extremely popular in the 60s and 70s when Dual released the first turntables to provide stereo playback. High-fidelity sound reproduction hit the scene and motivated countless people to add a record player to their home.
The pickup includes a stylus with a small diamond or sapphire tip which runs in the record groove. The stylus eventually becomes worn by contact with the groove, and it is usually replaceable.One interesting exception was a horizontal seven inch turntable. The machine, although made in 1886, was a duplicate of one made earlier but taken to Europe by Chichester Bell. Tainter was granted U.S. Patent 385,886 on July 10, 1888. The playing arm is rigid, except for a pivoted vertical motion of 90 degrees to allow removal of the record or a return to starting position. While recording or playing, the record not only rotated, but moved laterally under the stylus, which thus described a spiral, recording 150 grooves to the inch.
What's the record player with the horn called?
gramophone A gramophone is an old-fashioned type of record player. … a wind-up gramophone with a big horn.
Although largely replaced since the introduction of the compact disc in 1982, record albums still sell in small numbers and are available through numerous sources. In 2008, LP sales grew by 90% over 2007, with 1.9 million records sold.
What is the best way to connect a turntable to a receiver?
Simply plug the turntable’s audio signal cable into one of the receiver’s analog audio inputs. These inputs are oftentimes labeled Aux (auxiliary), Line In, Analog In, etc. You can even use your receiver’s “CD” or “Tape” input, if needed. No other connections are required.
Charles Cros, a French poet and amateur scientist, is the first person known to have made the conceptual leap from recording sound as a traced line to the theoretical possibility of reproducing the sound from the tracing and then to devising a definite method for accomplishing the reproduction. On April 30, 1877, he deposited a sealed envelope containing a summary of his ideas with the French Academy of Sciences, a standard procedure used by scientists and inventors to establish priority of conception of unpublished ideas in the event of any later dispute.The term phonograph (“sound writing”) was derived from the Greek words φωνή (phonē, ‘sound’ or ‘voice’) and γραφή (graphē, ‘writing’). The similar related terms gramophone (from the Greek γράμμα gramma ‘letter’ and φωνή phōnē ‘voice’) and graphophone have similar root meanings.
My old Victrola record player finally died after 6+ years. I was set to get another newer model but saw Angels Horn turntables. I researched and ultimately chose the HP H00501 model. So glad I did! Easy to set up. The sound quality is phenomenal! Beautiful looking design.
I never thought the turntable would be as amazing and aesthetically pleasing as it is. I love the sound and looks of it and the quality overall. Great customer service too. I would recommend this to anyone who wants to start their vinyl collection. You will not regret buying this.
I’m really happy with this product. It looks very high end, was easy to set up, and sounds amazing. This provides a high end all in one experience that is hard to beat!Our turntable is designed to deliver unparalleled audio quality across all music genres, from rock and soul to funk, jazz, blues, and hip hop. With a precision tonearm, anti-skate control, and adjustable counterweight, our turntable ensures accurate and stable playback of your favorite records.
I love this for my first record player. Easy to set up & looks even better in person. Paired it with a Marshall Bluetooth speaker and it doesn’t disappoint. I searched and came across this one with good reviews so I took a chance and happy I got it..
I just received this as a birthday gift! Being a Gen-X’er, I’m very passionate about my vinyl and have had a hard time finding a quality turntable stereo that was worth the money. (Enter Angels Horn) I am speechless on the beauty and quality of your work. The turntable itself is a true work of art, and the sound.. WOW!! The beautiful and distinct sound of vinyl on this player is clearer and crisper than I’ve heard in such a long time. If you are considering this unit… look no more. I promise you’ll not be disappointed!!I love everything about this! It’s so nice to have the bluetooth speaker option, where I can connect to Spotify. These speakers are so much better than my portable Bose speaker I have been using. If you grew up with records and want to rekindle the nostalgia, this is the perfect turntable! It was relatively easy to set up and plays beautifully!I’m really new at this, and I almost broke the cartridge stylus on my first day. The instructions are great for setting up but to actually use them, I had to look up a couple of youtube videos then I was good.
What weight should Angels Horn record player be set to?
Keep the counterweight still, just rotate the dial until “0” is at the top. Rotate the counterweight 1 and 3/4ths times for the recommended 3.5 grams. In the meantime, you can refer to Angels Horn’s installation video on Youtube.
I have purchased two other turntables before getting Angels Horn and I had to return them. You know what they say: “The third time is the charm” and Angels Horn was the charm itself. I love the quality and it was worth every penny.Listen to your vinyl collection like never before with Angels Horn turntable. Experience the warmth, richness, and depth of sound that only vinyl can provide.
Alright so I’m not a grown man happy crying, but I’m for sure a grown woman happy crying. This thing is a work of art! I absolutely love this record player :’) The sound quality is amazing, and let’s not even talk about how good it looks aesthetically lol. This is my first record player though, so the assembly was a freaking NIGHTMARE. Unless you’re really good at following directions on paper, this will be your worst enemy. Thankfully YouTube tutorials came in clutch and helped! Also BE WARNED, YOU WILL HAVE TO BUY SPEAKERS FOR THIS RECORD PLAYER!! I put that it all caps because people like me skimmed the reviews and didn’t see that part :/ so I had to do research and find speakers that will work with this specific model.
Megan’s contributed both writing and research to a myriad of associations including academic publications, cultural institutions, non-fiction works, and experimental collaborative projects.
The antique Victrola record player, with its hidden sound horn and well-crafted appearance, immediately invokes a sense of the past to all of those who encounter it. Developed in the early 20 century as a new way to play recorded music at home, you can still find working antique Victrolas, and many avid collectors have dedicated years to learning the art of repairing these original phonographs. Take a look at how the Victrola came to be, why it was so significant, and what you should consider when trying to collect one for yourself.
Since these machines were very finely crafted and represent an important moment in recording history, they generally have high values. Interestingly, price can be more dependent on the individual collector’s interest rather than on the specific model being sold. On the whole, Victrolas are worth anywhere between $500-$5,000, depending on the collector’s needs and how many repairs would be needed to make the machine run again, with fully functioning Victrolas being the most expensive and tabletops being the least. For example, an antique tabletop Victrola IX is listed by one seller for about $475. Unfortunately, these phonographs are rather difficult to find; earlier Victor gramophones are in greater abundance, and what Victrolas are initially listed as are usually high-quality exhibit replicas. Therefore, to save you hours of scouring through the internet, you should start your search by looking for specialists in antique phonographs and see if they have any listings themselves. Similarly, visit local antique stores and see if they have any in their inventory or know where you can look to purchase one.The first recorded sound came from the designs of famed inventor, Thomas Edison, in 1877. Edison’s phonographs recorded and played sound using wax cylinders which had etches running across their surface that were made from the vibrations of sound waves pushing against a metal needle held overtop of the wax. These phonographs were monumental in marking a new century and culture of entertainment. Other bright thinkers of the period worked to further develop this technology; they invented flat discs to use instead of cylinders (a precursor to vinyl) and modified the machines to be more compact within the home. The Victor Talking Machine Company in particular was renowned for its release of the Victrola, a music player which moved the sound horn from atop the machine to within its cabinet, and the strength of the sound was determined by how widely the doors were opened. Ultimately, these machines’ popularity only lasted for about twenty years due to the rise of modern radio. Yet, the Victor Talking Machine Company adapted and joined with the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) to form an industry titan in the music business that is still dominating the market today.
Are old Victrolas worth anything?
Antique Victrola Values On the whole, Victrolas are worth anywhere between $500-$5,000, depending on the collector’s needs and how many repairs would be needed to make the machine run again, with fully functioning Victrolas being the most expensive and tabletops being the least.
Antique Victrolas were only produced for a short period, although the company continues to create modern Victrola record players to this day. The most distinctive characteristic of the Victrola is its square shape and its hidden sound horn. Some models of victrolas were equipped with hand cranks and others were actually electric; yet, these ‘Electrolas’ were more expensive than the manual ones, and fewer families had homes wired with electricity to be able to use them. One of the most collectible Victrolas today is the Pooley Flat top series because of how unpopular it was when it was first produced – and so fewer were made – due to its deep-set gramophone. Here are a few of the most popular Victrola models that you might come across in your antique record player journey.
Victrola record players are incredibly important for the way they mark a shift in technology, which helped bring about modern recording equipment. If you’re an audiophile who listens to albums and podcasts for hours on end, or you are a vintage audio equipment enthusiast, you have these antique phonographs to thank for that. So, if you happen to find that you have an antique Victrola nestled in your basement somewhere, you should grab the nearest duster and set to work bringing this monumental device back to life.
When investigating an antique Victrolas for authenticity, there are a few characteristics you can consider. Firstly, these phonographs did come in both large and small models, but most bear a maker’s mark somewhere inside the floor model’s cabinetry or alongside the edge of the tabletop model’s base that indicate it’s a Victor-Victrola. Similarly, these devices were crafted out of natural woods like mahogany and oak with varying finishes, and so can be tested to verify it’s age and point-of-origin.It doesn’t come with a built-in phono preamp. As with our top pick, you’ll need an external preamp here. If your audio receiver or powered speakers lack one, you’ll have to buy your own, which adds cost.
This turntable delivers an accurate sound that works great for any type of music, and it’s exceptionally well built for the price. But it lacks a built-in phono preamp.
This turntable features a quality built-in phono preamp and Bluetooth audio output. The sound quality comes close to that of our top picks, but it’s not quite as good.This turntable has Bluetooth. While some audiophiles cringe at the idea of sending vinyl audio over Bluetooth, its inclusion here makes it easy to listen to your favorite records through Bluetooth-equipped speakers, soundbars, and headphones, if you wish.
The RT85N sports high-end design features. The turntable comes with a 16 mm-thick acrylic platter. Acrylic platters are often considered an upgrade over cheaper metal or plastic platters because acrylic is a solid, dense material with low resonance, and thus won’t add its own “sound” to the music. Plus, they look very stylish.
If you’re reluctant to tackle the complexity of a separate turntable, amplifier, and speakers, the Angels Horn H019 all-in-one record player gives you an easy, affordable way to play vinyl records.The EVO is easy to set up, the build quality is superb, and the included Sumiko Rainier Phono Cartridge sounds great. The speed is accurate, and switching between 33 rpm and 45 rpm requires just a simple flip of a switch. This one also supports playback of 78 rpm records, but it requires swapping the belt.
While this system lacks some features found on other models—like a built-in radio or CD player, or the ability to stream your vinyl to Bluetooth devices—our panelists thought it had everything they’d want in an all-in-one record player. It plays 33 rpm and 45 rpm records, but not 78 rpm records.
This turntable has fantastic build quality and sound, and it’s more upgradable than our top pick. The sound profile emphasizes the lower midrange and bass, which may not appeal to everyone. The overall sound quality is a slight step down from our top picks. The included AT-VM95E phono cartridge is one of the most popular cartridges around and sounds quite good. But compared with our top picks, this player had slightly less low-end punch and high-end clarity, yet still maintained comparably balanced reproduction and stereo width. The plinth and platter are significantly lighter than those of our top picks; the whole unit is almost 5 pounds lighter than the RT85N. Lighter turntables are more susceptible to outside vibrations that will interfere with the playback of your record. The platter is made of die-cast aluminum similar to that of the Debut Carbon EVO, but it lacks the same quality and weight.The Rega Planar P1 is easy to set up, and we liked the sound. But with the speed-change belt located under the platter, it isn’t as easy to use as other models. It also ran about 1% fast when we measured it.
It’s more upgradable. You can acquire an acrylic platter replacement for $150 or the Pro-Ject Debut Alu Sub-Platter for $180. Pro-Ject also offers a grounding base, improved power supply, audiophile-grade RCA cables, and various platter mats. None of these upgrades come cheap, but the modularity and enhancement potential allow you to continue your high-fidelity audio journey well into the future.
The U-Turn Orbit Special offers very attractive wood finishes and comes with an Ortofon 2M Red cartridge, an upgraded platter, and a cue lever. It produced some of the best sound in a former round of testing, but it isn’t as easy to use as our picks, and the differences in sound quality were very small. Still, it’s a good overall performer.The package includes simple but helpful accessories. You get cotton gloves for proper vinyl handling and an omnidirectional bubble level that facilitates the perfect leveling setup for your turntable.The Fluance RT85N is the best turntable under $600 because it has more accurate sound reproduction than every other turntable we tested, which makes it a great choice to play any type of music. It has superior materials and build quality and is an aesthetically and technically beautiful machine. Yet it costs $100 less than its closest competitor, the equally impressive Pro-Ject Debut Carbon EVO. If you don’t mind a different approach to the dust cover: A former top pick, the Denon DP-400 remains a great turntable that often sells for less than our top picks, but the dust cover’s design proved a polarizing feature that some panelists strongly disliked. The DP-400 sounds fantastic, has a phono stage built in, and includes lots of convenient features. But the dust cover must be completely removed when you’re playing a record and replaced when you’re done, making the Denon not nearly as convenient to use as every other turntable we tested. It does not include a built-in phono preamp, but that shouldn’t be a concern for many people, since most audio receivers have their own phono preamp built in. (Why do I need a phono preamp?)
Does a turntable weight make a difference?
Placing additional weight on your record can provide a few benefits: Vibration damping: The stylus vibrates as it tracks your record grooves – this the first step of getting music from a record to your ears.
If you want to digitize your record collection: The Pioneer DJ PLX-500 has a USB output to feed the signal into a computer. This turntable is easy to set up, offers very good sound quality, and has an integrated phono preamp that works well. It’s also a good option for beginner DJs: The direct-drive motor maintains a consistent rotation speed for its aluminum platter (though it doesn’t get to full speed as quickly as the Audio-Technica AT-LP120XUSB), and its plastic chassis is even larger and heavier. It also uses demonstrably cheap, low-quality RCA cables that are hard-soldered to the inside of the turntable and lack a separate ground connector.The anti-skate solution was infuriating to use. To keep the tonearm from skating across your records, this turntable uses a small hanging weight, as opposed to a built-in dial like every other turntable we’ve tested that has this feature. In theory, this solution is superior because it actively and naturally adjusts to the appropriate weight in real time—but in reality, we found this to be an infuriating feature, as it constantly fell off and was extremely difficult to put back on (especially if your hands aren’t steady or your eyes aren’t sharp).
The AT-LPW50BT has a few higher-end design elements. In addition to its good-performing phono preamp, this was one of the only turntables in our test (besides the more expensive Debut Carbon EVO) to feature a superior carbon-fiber tonearm, and it has the same servo-regulated belt-drive technology found in the RT85N.
If you want the least-expensive all-in-one record player that sounds decent: The Victrola Eastwood Signature is a recommendable player with two-way stereo speakers, with separate woofers and tweeters, that sound much fuller than the ones built into less expensive models—although the sound quality was a big step down from that of the Angels Horn H019. It comes with an Audio-Technica AT3600L cartridge and requires no setup, but the tonearm is not adjustable. It has Bluetooth input and output and can play 78 rpm records.
The Carbon EVO’s sound profile is great for more-modern pop and rock records, and doubly so for hip-hop, electronic, and other low-end-heavy genres (Kendrick Lamar’s Good Kid, M.A.A.D City sounded ridiculous through this turntable). However, it may not be what everyone is looking for, as it’s not a reliably accurate representation of what’s on your record. Listeners of classical, jazz, and other genres that rely heavily on naturalistic recording techniques may prefer a turntable with a more transparent sound, such as the Fluance RT85N.
It’s not as easy to switch speeds. There’s no direct speed switch; switching between 33 rpm and 45 rpm records requires moving a belt, but that process is easier with this turntable than with models that hide the belt underneath the platter. There is no 78 rpm speed setting. This is normal for many modern turntables, but beware if you are holding on to a collection of 78s. You don’t want a portion of your collection to be rendered unlistenable. If you already have a turntable that works for you, you probably don’t need to upgrade to a new model from this guide. You can likely get more out of your current system by upgrading the phono cartridge than you can by buying a whole new turntable.Wirecutter is the product recommendation service from The New York Times. Our journalists combine independent research with (occasionally) over-the-top testing so you can make quick and confident buying decisions. Whether it’s finding great products or discovering helpful advice, we’ll help you get it right (the first time).