Rochester is located within a 400-mile radius of 14 northeastern states, two of the most populated Canadian provinces, New York’s capital city of Albany, and the nation’s capital of Washington, D.C. Rochester is also the western gateway to the fabulous Finger Lakes Region, part of this country’s longest scenic byway–the Seaway Trail, and a day’s drive from New York City–America’s largest eastern port for overseas travelers entering the United States.Rochester enjoys a particularly scenic geography courtesy of the huge glaciers during the Cenozoic era that carved out the fertile Genesee Valley and created topography of rolling hills around it. Another part of this legacy are the many waterways left behind including Lake Ontario (one of five, fresh-water Great Lakes), the Genesee River with its deeply carved gorges and several waterfalls, Irondequoit Bay, hundreds of scenic streams and ponds, plus the nearby Finger Lakes.
Greater Rochester is the third-largest metropolitan area in New York State. It includes six counties: Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, and Wayne. The City of Rochester is the 79th largest city in the U.S.A.
Rochester has been known as the “Young Lion of the West,” the “Flour City,” and the “Flower City.” Rochester is also known for its unique and impressive history in photography, xerography, and optics, along with its leading role in manufacturing/research activities, and impressive educational resources in both traditional and evolving imaging sciences.Visitors can reach Rochester by plane-over 200 flights daily at the Greater Rochester International Airport, by train–an Amtrak station is located in the city, by bus–the RTS Transit Center is located on Mortimer St. between North Clinton Ave. and St. Paul St., or by expressway–NYS Thruway exits 45, 46 and 47.
The study evaluated various factors including value, desirability, job market strength, and quality of life to determine the rankings. The rankings are based on extensive data analysis from reputable sources such as the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Labor, according to the report.In a recent analysis conducted by U.S. News and World Report, Rochester has been ranked the 3rd best place to live in New York and as the 26th best place to live among the 150 most populous metro areas in the United States.“Rochester features a unique blend of history and innovation. Many of the homes and commercial buildings in downtown Rochester are original, dating back a century or more, while others are undergoing renovations to become modern lofts and workspaces. Former home to pioneers and independent thinkers like Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass, Rochester has worked hard to preserve and honor its landmarks,” the report said.
“Rochester residents are renowned for their warmth, kindness, and welcoming nature, setting them apart from their counterparts in other regions. This friendly atmosphere might stem from the region’s strong emphasis on family values or the shared experiences endured during the long, cold winters. Whatever the reason, Rochester has gained a reputation as a welcoming and amiable community,” the report said.
The unemployment rate in Rochester is currently 5.2% which is higher than the national unemployment rate of 4.6%. Sadly ranked at the bottom of a list that featured the hottest job markets in the country, Rochester does not have a large amount of high-paying jobs. It is interesting to note that Rochester has a gender wage gap that is larger than the national average with men making 1.3 times more than what females earn.
Fiorella: This Italian bistro is serving classic wood-fired pizza and authentic homemade pasta that is made with fresh local ingredients. This is a popular spot for dinner so make sure to arrive early.
Rochester Lilac Festival: Admire over 1,200 lilac bushes that display 500 different varieties of lilacs. This festival is held in Highland Park and features live music, food, wine, and an art show.
Even though Rochester has been suffering a long-term population decline, it is still a really cool and unique city to call home. Not only is Rochester affordable, but it is one of the most friendly and welcoming cities in the nation. If you have decided to move to Rochester, then make sure to reach out to one of our knowledgable and experienced Realty Specialists to guide you through the home buying process. Our team is here to help you through every step of the way on your relocation journey. Contact us today to find your dream home in Rochester, NY!
With a variety of restaurants and never-ending food options, there is always something new to try when living in Rochester. From international cuisine to surprisingly good barbecue, the city provides five-star dining experiences alongside exceptional dishes and service. Famous for its “Garbage Plate,” which is popular among the locals, this dish features your choice of meat that is served on top of french fries, baked beans, macaroni salad, and topped with hot sauce.Selena’s Mexican Restaurant: Enjoy happy hour at this authentic Mexican restaurant that specializes in tacos and fajitas. There are over 90 tequilas to choose from on the drink menu.
Why is Rochester so cheap?
The reason why the real estate market is so affordable in Rochester is due to the fact that higher-paying jobs are scarce the farther north you go in New York State.
Good Luck – Rochester: Dine on American-style plates and favorites in an innovative and clean atmosphere. Make sure to finish your meal with one of the delicious homemade desserts. This is an awesome place to host an event or celebration.Rochester International Jazz Festival: This is one of the most popular music festivals in the city that attracts thousands of visitors each year from all over the United States and the world.
Considered one of the best cities for renters, the real estate market in Rochester is among the most affordable in the country. Known for its great home prices and historical architecture, the housing that is available does not come without a fair share of competition. In Rochester, it is no surprise to see many homes receive multiple offers, and most homes sell for about 1% above the listing price in about 12 days. The reason why the real estate market is so affordable in Rochester is due to the fact that higher-paying jobs are scarce the farther north you go in New York State. Even though housing prices may be on the affordable side, property taxes, sales tax, and state income taxes are still higher than many other states in the country.Rochester is known for its warm summers and freezing, snowy, and windy winters. While most of the year in the city is mild, the winters in Rochester are generally brutal and unforgiving. Receiving an average of 77 inches of snow per year while the national average is 28 inches of snow per year, Rochester is no stranger to winter weather conditions.
Is Rochester NY a good place to live?
#9 in Best Places to Live for Quality of Life in U.S. #25 in Safest Places to Live in U.S. #50 in Best Places to Retire in U.S.
While the unemployment rate still may be high, Rochester is luckily outpacing New York State’s private-sector job growth averages. As the cities economy rebounds from the onslaught of the COVID-19 Pandemic, it has been reported that the leisure and hospitality sectors have seen a growth rate of 18.8% over the past year.
Ranked as the 33rd most educated city in the United States, Rochester is home to a large selection of colleges and universities that offer a variety of degrees and programs. The most popular educational institutions in the city include The University of Rochester and The Rochester Institute of Technology which are close to Downtown Rochester. Employing many residents and attracting a large population of college students to the city, Rochester values education and wants to see its students succeed. As a college student, one of the best parts about living in Rochester is the in-state tuition status. Plus, if you do not mind the commute and want to venture outside of the city, there are more than 240 colleges and universities in New York State to choose from to further your education.
For those that are moving with school-aged children, then you are also in luck. The Rochester City School District has multiple highly-rated elementary, middle, and high schools. Some of the best public schools in the area include Brighton High School, Barker Road Middle School, and Cobbles Elementary School. Before moving, it might be a good idea to research the different schools in the area and find one of the best neighborhoods that feeds into the schools that you would want your children to attend.
How did Rochester NY get its name?
On July 12, 1854, George Head and his family laid claim to land that now forms part of Rochester’s central business district. It was there that they built a log cabin known as Head’s Tavern. Head named the city after his hometown of Rochester, NY.
ROC Holiday Village Winter Festival: This free and family-friendly event during the holidays features visits from Santa, winter igloos, ice skating, live music, and tree lighting.The cities location near Lake Ontario and the Erie Canal make it a great place for outdoor enthusiasts. Surrounded by hiking trails, parks, waterways, and even waterfalls, the natural beauty in Rochester is unmatched. Whether you love watersports or like to go biking or camping, there is always something new to try.
Rochester is not a bad city but its crime rate is one of the highest in the country. With a crime rate of 42 per every 1,000 residents, an individual’s chance of becoming a victim of both violent and property crime is one in 24. This means that the total crime rate in Rochester is 70% higher than the national average and is 143% higher than the total New York State crime rate. Much like any other large city, Rochester has its fair share of safe neighborhoods and areas, but there are definitely places that you should avoid especially at night. When traveling around the city, make sure to never walk alone and always stay in well-lit areas.
How many towns are in Rochester NY?
Land: Today, Monroe County is comprised of 19 towns, 10 villages and the City of Rochester, the third largest city in the state.
Hi there! My name is Ryan Fitzgerald, and I am a REALTOR®. My goal is to help you learn more about real estate through our Real Estate Blog! Hopefully, you enjoyed the above blog post and it found a way to provide help or value to you. When you’re ready to buy or sell a home of your own let us know here. Please feel free to join the conversation by dropping us a comment below. During the year, the month of January is considered the coldest month with average low temperatures of 17 degrees Fahrenheit. There are a total of 131 days throughout the year where the average low temperature falls below freezing. Since snow and ice storms are a common occurrence, make sure to pack your snow shovel and all of your favorite winter jackets before moving to Rochester. Recognized as a great place to raise a family, Rochester is notorious for its low cost of living and top-rated schools. In fact, about one-quarter of the cities population is under 20 years old. Considered one of the best places to live in New York State, Rochester is found in a desirable location and is the perfect option for those that want a more relaxing environment away from the hustle and bustle of life in New York City.Letchworth State Park: Only about a 43-minute drive north of the city, this state park is worth the visit for its magnificent waterfalls along the Genesee River. The largest economic industries in Rochester are health care, educational services, and retail, while the highest paying jobs in the city are in utilities, insurance, finance, and administration. The top employers in Rochester are The University of Rochester, The Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester Regional Health, Wegman’s Food Market, and Xerox Corp. Keep in mind that while owning your own vehicle in Rochester may come in handy, driving around during the winter months has its own setbacks. Since the city is used to the mass amounts of snow that occur every year, winterizing your car is the best way to get through the icy and snowy road conditions.
The city of Rochester is found on Lake Ontario in New York State and is the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the state. Located in The Finger Lakes region, Rochester is a popular tourist destination that is surrounded by beautiful attractions and peaceful outdoor hotspots. Nicknamed “The Flour City,” Rochester is best known for its unique and impressive history, educational resources, and industry leaders in manufacturing.
Sometimes referred to as “Festival City,” Rochester frequently hosts festivals and events throughout the year to bring the community together. As a new resident, this is a great way to get involved, meet new people, and see all that Rochester has to offer.
Is Rochester NY a wealthy city?
Two Rochester suburbs are the most affluent communities in Upstate New York, according to rankings issued today by Business First. The adjacent towns of Pittsford and Mendon are first and second respectively in the rankings of all 861 cities and towns in the 48 Upstate counties.
While the city may have its own reliable transportation system, only about 10% of the residents in Rochester are known to use it. Even though most residents own their own vehicles and get around the city by car, Rochester has barely any traffic. The average commute time is only about 19.5 minutes which is way lower than the national average commute time of 25.1 minutes. In the rare instance of a backup or traffic jam, it will most likely occur during rush hour and may only last up to 10 minutes.There is no shortage of local sports teams to support when living in Rochester. Perfect for sports lovers of all ages, Rochester is home to multiple professional sports teams as well as minor league and collegiate teams. Home to the Rochester Americans American Hockey League Team and The Rochester New York FC American Professional Soccer Team, there is a sport for everyone to cheer for. Since Buffalo, New York is only an hour away from Rochester, many residents choose to support the Buffalo Sabres National Hockey League team and the Buffalo Bills National Football League team as well. Most locals can be seen attending a hockey game or spending their evenings cheering at a college game.
As of the beginning of 2021, Rochester was named as one of the most affordable cities to live in and buy a home by Forbes. With a cost of living that is only 1% higher than the national average, Rochester is one of the top places to live in New York State if you are wanting to save money. Groceries, health care, and transportation costs are all below the national average. In order to live comfortably in Rochester, the average annual salary for residents is $40,245 a year while top earners can make upwards of $58,761.
What is the ethnicity of Rochester?
TablePopulationWhite alone, percent 45.1%Black or African American alone, percent(a) 38.4%American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a) 0.5%Asian alone, percent(a) 3.5%
Edibles Restaurant and Bar: Located on University Avenue, this popular American bistro focuses on organic ingredients that are full of flavor. Make sure to order a craft cocktail with your meal.Even though Rochester is an affordable city, it has also claimed the third spot on a list of the 10 poorest cities in the United States. With a poverty rate of 31.3%, there are over 32,000 people in Rochester that are living off of less than $230 a week. The levels of childhood poverty and extreme poverty only seem to be increasing over the years.
This apartment is located in one of the best neighborhoods of Rochester. It is unique in that each apartment unit has a different layout. The rent is affordable and it is located right on a bus route for those without a car. Close to two popular parks, of which the Highland park plays host to the annual Lilac Festival. Would recommend to anyone!
They never fix anything. maintenance came into my apartment with out my permission walked through my house with their filthy shoes on and stepped in my tub to fix something they never told me about. Tracked dirt EVERYWHERE. Went in my kitchen in my snacks DURING THE PANDEMIC. and all they could say is that they were sorry and it will never happen again. also the apartments look NOTHING like the pictures that are shown. Thank you for your feedback. While we’re disappointed to see that you had a less than pleasant time while living here, your review will help us continue to improve. If you’d like to discuss further, please contact us at the leasing office directly at 585.461.5434. I wish I read the reviews before I moved here. Coming up on my 1 year anniversary and happy I survived this place. For example there is a rodents infestation, found a dead one today, and plus they monitor water usages here. Ground are kept up nicely and lots of greenery too.
Rochester City Apartments is an apartment community located in Monroe County and the 14618 ZIP Code. This area is served by the Brighton Central attendance zone.
This complex is extremely poorly run. Filthy place. Temps are below legal temp in winter and this is known by housing authority. Office managers are incompetent and extremely rude and unintelligent. They outright lie and one of them even got his co worker fired on a technicality simply because he did not like her. This same office worker harrasses and threatens even the elderly tenants. Owner is being investigated for fraud. Maintenance issues are literally ignored. Very serious and disgusting stink bug infestation in all apts. Very unsanitary mold in all apts. Stay away!!!
They never perform regular maintenance. My sink broke, they put a bucket to catch the water for a month until I got a new sink. Their computer system has an error and regulates pulls 2 payments. they refuse to repay it! I wish I never moved in. this building and others by Morgan properties/ Rochester city living are all terrible.
Is Rochester a wealthy area?
Rochester’s Southern Hills Neighborhood is the richest for 2022, with a median real estate price is $571,892, which is more expensive than 93.4% of the neighborhoods in Minnesota and 79.1% of the neighborhoods in the U.S. The average rental price in Southern Hills is currently $1,375, based on NeighborhoodScout’s …
Bedroom heater was broken, shower was cold 50% of the time, dishwasher full of mold and, my fridge stopped running, dog poop sitting in basement for months, etc. Everytime I brought an issue up to staff, my request was ignored.Walk Score® measures the walkability of any address. Transit Score® measures access to public transit. Bike Score® measures the bikeability of any address.
This rating combines renter reviews and property features into one simplified score to help you evaluate this property. Factors that influenced these ratings include building design, construction, exterior spaces, and amenities.Rochester City Apartments is in Outer Brighton/Fairport in the city of Rochester. Here you’ll find three shopping centers within 1.3 miles of the property. Five parks are within 2.3 miles, including Cobbs Hill Park, Strasenburgh Planetarium, and Rochester Museum & Science Center.Overall, the apartment itself is pretty good, the layout is nice and the size is great. However the buildings, especially the Georgian Court building is quite problematic. The basement floods horribly whenever it rains, to the point where you need to tread through over an inch of water to get to some stairwells. The plumbing in our apartment has always been a problem, disposal has backed up multiple times, shower won’t drain etc. The washers and dryers are consistently broken and maintenance gives you a hard time whenever you call. The people in the leasing office are quite rude and are hard to handle from time to time. In addition, the neighbors truly like it silent, which may be nice for some, but not for others. We had a small get together, no more than 5 guests at our apartment and we had the cops called on us multiple times. No music was playing, nobody was drunk, we were just sitting around visiting on a weekend night. All in all, would not recommend, but for those looking for a great location and a cheap place to live, it gets the job done.
This Listing has been verified by CoStar’s listing verification process, which combines internal screening and fraud detection technology. Always beware of scams.
Is Rochester an expensive city?
The cost of living in Rochester, NY is 24% lower than the state average and 1% lower than the national average. Rochester, NY housing is 5% cheaper than the U.S average, while utilities are about 10% less pricey.
Outer Brighton/Fairport is just a short drive from downtown Rochester, making it a piece of cake to venture into the city and enjoy its numerous resources. Rochester Animal Services provides invaluable care to pets big and small. On the dining front, restaurants such as the Owl House serve vegan cuisine, ensuring even the most diverse palates find ways to satisfy their taste buds. For quality apartment living in Rochester, NY, make Rochester City Living your new home. We offer affordable, mid-rise apartments for rent near Park Avenue, only moments from the University of Rochester. With beautiful hardwood floors and an idyllic location you will love the charms of our community. These people say they’re “pet friendly”, and then tell my husband and I that we have to remove our dog days before Christmas or else we face eviction because our neighbor who never leaves her apartment doesn’t like hearing any barking noises while we are away at work. Not only have we been harassed by this neighbor and had the cops called on us for our dog playing, but she found me on social media and emailed my work email to let me know my dog was barking. The office has given us the option to break the lease early, but still expected to pay more to break the lease. When I mentioned the neighbor harassment, they say they’ll “have a talk with them” and tell them they shouldn’t do that. Don’t rent with them unless you want to deal with sketchy neighbors, mice infestation, and maintenance orders that don’t get filled.Good News! This rental is accepting applications through Apartments.com. Act now and your $ purchase will include 9 additional FREE application submissions to participating properties.
In addition, there are numerous other amateur and club sports such as rowing and rugby. Rochester and its surrounding area also has a rich golf history and has hosted numerous professional tournaments on its local golf courses. The city also boasts other facilities such as 13 full-time recreation centers, 19 swimming programs, 3 artificial ice rinks, 66 softball/baseball fields, 47 tennis courts, 5 football fields, 7 soccer fields, and 43 outdoor basketball courts. The Rochester Royals (now the Sacramento Kings) were a professional basketball team in Rochester from 1945 to 1957 with roots as an amateur team dating back to 1923. They won the NBA title in 1951, defeating the New York Knicks in 7 games.
Enforcement of property code violations in Rochester had been handled by the Neighborhood Empowerment Team (NET). Rather than using a centralized code-enforcement office, 10 sectors in Rochester were assigned a total of six NET offices by the city government. However, complaints have been made about the lack of consistency in the manner and severity of enforcement between NET offices. On July 16, 2008, the city announced two of the NET offices would be closed and another relocated, due to what it had found to be the high cost and low value of operating the decentralized network. Following the restructuring, the remaining offices were renamed Neighborhood Service Centers. Now, one office per city quadrant helps resolve quality-of-life issues, works with neighborhood groups, and paves the way for appropriate housing and economic development. Most code enforcement processes were consolidated into the Bureau of Inspection and Compliance within the Department of Neighborhood and Business Development located centrally in City Hall.Rochester is protected by about 500 professional firefighters in the Rochester Fire Department (RFD). It is the third-largest fire department in the state of New York. It operates from 16 fire stations throughout the city, under the command of two battalion chiefs and a deputy chief per shift. The department operates 13 engines, six ladders, one heavy rescue, two hazardous material units, a fireboat, and a salvage unit (Rochester Protectives), as well as many other special and support units. Usually, 87 front-line members work each shift, including chief officers and fire investigation (not including staff divisions such as Fire Safety, the Training Academy, and Supply Depot). RFD responds to around 40,000 emergency calls annually. Around 90% of RFD personnel are certified NY State EMTs and roughly 50% of the calls each year are for EMS. The RFD also operates its own apparatus repair division at the Public Safety Training Facility. The chief of department is Willie Jackson. Rochester is represented by districts 7, 16, and 21–29 in the Monroe County legislature (a 29-seat body with legislators elected to two-year terms). Rochester is also under the jurisdiction of the county executive (currently Democrat Adam Bello) along with the rest of Monroe County. The District Attorney is also elected at the county level along with several other offices (such as Sheriff and Clerk) which in part govern the city. This wedge-shaped piece of the city is bordered by S. Clinton Avenue on the west, Field St on the south, and Interstate 490 on the east. The neighborhood received its moniker when a 19th-century Rochester pig farmer utilized the area to collect swill for his swine. The area has one of the highest rates of home-ownership in the city.The Browncroft neighborhood is built on the former nursery grounds of the Brown Brothers nursery. The business district situated on Winton Rd has a mix of restaurants and shops. The neighborhood borders the nearby Tryon and Ellison Parks. The Browncroft Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.
Local bus service in Rochester and its county suburbs is provided by the Rochester-Genesee Regional Transportation Authority (RGRTA) via its Regional Transit Service (RTS) subsidiary. RTS also provides suburban service outside the immediate Rochester area and runs smaller transportation systems in outlying counties, such as WATS (Wayne Area Transportation System). All RTS routes are based out of the RTS Transit Center on Mortimer Street.
In 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo announced a $63.4 million project to renovate the GRIA. The renovations include a large canopy extending over both main entrances, solar panels, a rainwater collection system, and modern communication and security enhancements. All construction was completed by October 2018.According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.1 square miles (96 km), of which 35.8 square miles (93 km) are land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km) are covered by water (3.42%).
Rochester’s expressway system, conceived in the 1950s, was designed as two concentric circles with feeder expressways from the west, south and east. The system allows for quick travel within the metropolitan area and a lack of the traffic gridlock typically found in cities of comparable size; in part this is because the system was designed to accommodate rapid travel between the suburbs and downtown, and also because it was built when the city’s population was over 330,000, whereas today it is a full third less.
Tech Valley, the technologically recognized area of eastern New York, has spawned a western offshoot into the Rochester and Finger Lakes areas. Since the 2000s, as established companies in Rochester downsized, Rochester and Monroe County’s economy has been redirected toward high technology, with new, smaller companies providing the capital necessary for business foundation. The Rochester area is important in the field of photographic processing and imaging, as well as incubating an increasingly diverse high-technology sphere encompassing STEM fields, in part the result of private startup enterprises collaborating with major academic institutions, including the University of Rochester and Cornell University.In 2012, Rochester had 2,061 reported violent crimes, compared to a national average rate of 553.5 violent crimes in cities with populations larger than 100,000. That same year, Rochester had 827 personal-crime incidents and 11,054 property-crime incidents. In 1997, Rochester was reported to have the largest per capita deaf population in the United States, likely because it is home to the National Technical Institute for the Deaf. Rochester lies in the humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfa) and has four distinct seasons. Winters are cold (temperatures drop to 0 °F (−18 °C) on 4.2 nights annually) similar to other US cities of the same latitude. However, Rochester receives vast amounts of snow (primarily lake effect snow resulting from its location on the southern shores of Lake Ontario), ranking among the snowiest large cities on earth and occasionally setting records for annual snowfall among large US metros. Spring sees plentiful rain with the rising temperatures, and occasional late snowstorms depending on the year. Summers are warm and sunny; there are occasional short periods of high heat and humidity but in general, Rochester is set apart from most of the continental US by comparatively cool, comfortable summers (ranking among the top five coolest summers among large metros alongside Seattle, Portland, Oregon, and neighboring Buffalo). Autumn features brilliant foliage colors, cooling temperatures and occasionally an excess of rain depending on the year, though precipitation is generally plentiful and dispersed fairly evenly throughout the year.Other local franchises include: Bill Gray’s, DiBella’s, Tom Wahl’s, American Specialty Manufacturing (producers of Boss Sauce), Salvatore’s Old Fashioned Pizzeria, Mark’s Pizzeria, Cam’s Pizzeria, Pontillo’s Pizzeria, Perri’s Pizzeria, Jeremiah’s Tavern, and Abbott’s Frozen Custard. Dinosaur Bar-B-Que, which originated in Syracuse, also operates its second franchise downtown in the former Lehigh Valley Railroad station on the Genesee River.
Susan B. Anthony, a national leader of the women’s suffrage movement, was from Rochester. The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, in 1920, which guaranteed the right of women to vote, was known as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment because of her work toward its passage, which she did not live to see. Anthony’s home is a National Historic Landmark known as the National Susan B. Anthony Museum and House. Throughout its history, Rochester has acquired several nicknames; it has been known as “the World’s Image Center”, “the Flour City”, “the Flower City”. As a legacy of its time as “The Flower City”, Rochester hosts a Lilac Festival for ten days every May, when nearly 400 varieties of lilacs bloom, and 100,000 visitors arrive. In 1935, Judge Jacob Gitelman introduced weekend sentencing. He was the first judge in New York State to do so. In 1964, the New York State Constitution was amended to require uniform jurisdiction, practice, and procedure for the city courts, to be regulated by the state legislature. The ice sheets also created Lake Ontario (one of the five freshwater Great Lakes), the Genesee River with its waterfalls and gorges, Irondequoit Bay, Sodus Bay, Braddock Bay, Mendon Ponds, numerous local streams and ponds, the Ridge, and the nearby Finger Lakes. The Rochester metro is ranked highly in terms of livability and quality of life and is often considered to be one of the best places in America for families due to low cost of living, highly ranked public schools and a low unemployment rate. It is considered to be a global city, ranked by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as having sufficiency status.Although losing population since 1950, over the course of the past 50 years Rochester has become a major center for immigration, particularly for arrivals from Eastern and Southeastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Caribbean. Rochester had the highest percentage of Puerto Ricans of any major city in the United States in 2013, one of the four largest Turkish American communities, one of the largest Jamaican American communities in any major U.S. city and a large concentration of Polish Americans along with nearby Buffalo, New York. Rochester’s Bhutanese and Nepalese communities are among the largest (top 3) in the United States, concentrated primarily in Jones Square and Edgerton with growth fueled by recently arrived migrants and refugees. In addition, Rochester was ranked number 9 in the nation for the largest Italian population in the United States in 2018.
Rochester was founded shortly after the American Revolution by a wave of English-Puritan-descended immigrants from New England, who were looking for new agricultural land. They were the dominant cultural group in Rochester for over a century. On November 8, 1803, Colonel Nathaniel Rochester (1752–1831), Major Charles Carroll, and Colonel William Fitzhugh, Jr. (1761–1839), all of Hagerstown, Maryland, purchased a 100-acre (40-ha) tract from the state in western New York along the Genesee River. They chose the site because its three cataracts on the Genesee offered great potential for water power. Beginning in 1811, and with a population of 15, the three founders surveyed the land and laid out streets and tracts. In 1817, the Brown brothers and other landowners joined their lands with the Hundred Acre Tract to form the village of Rochesterville.
There are other, smaller enclaves of after-hours activity scattered across the city. “Southeast” is the center of Rochester’s prosperous arts scene, particularly in and around the Park Avenue neighborhood (which is known for its many coffee shops, cafes, bistros and boutique shops). Nearby on University Avenue can be found several plazas, like the Village Gate, which give space to contemporary bars, restaurants and art galleries that stay open late into the night. Monroe Avenue, several streets over, is filled with pubs, small restaurants, smoke shops, theaters and several clubs as well as cigar bars and hookah lounges. These neighborhoods are home to many artists, musicians, students, and Rochester’s large LGBT community.The dawn of the 20th century in Rochester saw rapid growth, driven in large part by waves of immigrants arriving from Ireland, Italy, Poland and elsewhere which (as in other American cities) had a major impact on the political landscape. The surge in new arrivals, along with increased industrialization resulted in the city becoming a hotbed of labor activism. From the 1920s and continuing into the post-war era Rochester grew into a power center for newly formed industrial unions, which steadily began accumulating influence within local and state government. It was only one of a very few American cities where the labor movement was powerful enough to mount a General Strike (and one of even fewer where it was successful) when in 1946 when an estimated 50,000 workers across multiple sectors walked off in support of hundreds of city employees fired for attempting to unionize. After that point local unions played a decisive role in area politics, primarily by partnering with the area Democratic Party.
Rochester is the largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in the U.S. which does not include at least one college or university participating at the NCAA Division I level in all sports. Almost all area college sports are played at the NCAA Division III level. The only exceptions are the RIT men’s and women’s ice hockey teams, which compete at the Division I level, and the University of Rochester men’s squash team, which is consistently ranked top 5 in Division I. RIT and UR’s other sports, as well as both institutions as a whole, are in Division III. The men’s team made it to the NCAA Frozen Four in 2010 and the women’s team won the Division III national championship in 2012, just before switching over to Division I.
In New York State, the 61 city courts outside of New York City handle the arraignment of felonies, try misdemeanors and lesser offenses, and try civil lawsuits involving claims of up to $15,000. Rochester City Court also hears small claims matters up to $5,000. Rules of practice and procedure within all city courts are prescribed by the Uniform City Court Act.
In the 1980s, the court heard cases involving the prosecution of the “Topfree Seven,” women who intentionally bared their chests once a year in order to protest the criminalization of female nudity. Judge Herman J. Walz ruled that the women could not be prosecuted under New York’s public nudity statute because their act of going topless in order to protest the law was imbued with First Amendment protections. The decision was later affirmed by the New York Court of Appeals.
In 2018, Rochester reported 28 murders (13.9 per 100,000 residents). In 2012, 95 sexual assaults, 816 robberies, 1,104 aggravated assaults, 2,978 burglaries, 7,694 larceny thefts, 111 forcible rape, 622 auto thefts, and 152 acts of arson occurred.
The former canal and subway tunnel have become a frequent source of debate. Homeless people trespass in the tunnels. The city has considered multiple solutions for the space including recreating a canal way, putting the subway system back in or filling the tunnels entirely. The plan to fill the tunnels in completely generated criticism, as the cost of filling would not generate or leverage economic development. The western end of the tunnel was filled in to the former Baltimore and Ohio Railroad turnout in 2010 as part of a redevelopment of the above street and the eastern end of the tunnel is undergoing redevelopment. The Broad Street aqueduct and most famous part of the tunnel is on the National Register of Historic Places being added in 1976.Rochester was first known as “the Young Lion of the West”, and then as the “Flour City”. By 1838, it was the largest flour-producing city in the United States. Having doubled its population in only 10 years, Rochester became America’s first “boom town”.
Other organizations such as High Tech Rochester provide local startups with mentorship, office space, and other resources. Given the high prevalence of imaging and optical science among the industry and the universities, Rochester is known as the world capital of imaging. The Institute of Optics of the University of Rochester and the Rochester Institute of Technology in nearby Henrietta have imaging programs. In 2006, the University of Rochester became the Rochester area’s largest employer, surpassing the Eastman Kodak Company.
Rochester’s East End district, located downtown, is well known as the center of the city’s nightlife. It is the stopping point for East Avenue, which along with the surrounding streets is occupied by nightclubs, lounges, coffee shops, bars, and high-end restaurants. The Eastman School of Music, one of the top musical institutes in the nation, and its auditorium are also within the neighborhood. The Eastman Theatre is host to the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra and other musical/drama events.The city is covered by New York’s 25th congressional district currently represented by Democrat Joe Morelle of Irondequoit, Monroe County, in Congress. From 1987 until 2018, the city was represented by longtime Democrat Louise M. Slaughter of Fairport, Monroe County, in Congress.
The median single-family house price was $135,000 in the second quarter of 2015 in greater Rochester, an increase of 5.4% from a year earlier, according to the National Association of Realtors.Rochester has a number of neighborhoods, including the 19th Ward, 14621 Community, Beechwood, Browncroft, Cascade District, Cobbs Hill, Charlotte, Corn Hill, Dewey, Dutchtown, Edgerton, Ellwanger-Barry, German Village, Grove Place, High Falls District, Highland Park, Maplewood (10th Ward), Marketview Heights, Mt. Read, North Winton Village, North of East Main Neighbors United, Neighborhood of the Arts , Lyell-Otis, Park Avenue, Plymouth-Exchange, Southwest, East End, South Wedge, Swillburg, Susan B. Anthony, university-Atlantic, Upper Monroe, and more are all recognized communities with various neighborhood associations. Also, living spaces are available in downtown Rochester.
Rochester used to be a major stop on several railroad lines. It was served by the New York Central Railroad which served Chicago and Buffalo to the west and Albany and New York City to the east and southeast. The Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railway (absorbed by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad) served Buffalo and Pittsburgh until 1955. A rail route to Salamanca in southern New York State afforded connections in Salamanca to southwestern and southeastern New York State. The last long-distance train in a southern direction was the Northern Express/Southern Express that went to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, via Canandaigua, Elmira and Williamsport; service ended in 1971. Also serving Rochester was the Erie Railroad and Lehigh Valley Railroad.
Later, Rochester saw the arrival of a great many black southerners as part of the Great Migration and large numbers of Hispanics (primarily from Puerto Rico. This coincided with White flight, leading to dramatic changes in the social, cultural and demographic makeup of Rochester (changes that were reflected in the city’s politics). Racism, Segregation, Redlining and similar problems caused a great deal of racial tension and resentment, culminating in the 1964 Rochester race riot (as well as the city’s black community playing a role in the national Civil rights movement).In 1830 and 1831, Rochester experienced one of the nation’s biggest Protestant revivalist movements, led by Charles Grandison Finney. The revival inspired other revivals of the Second Great Awakening. A leading pastor in New York, who was converted in the Rochester meetings, gave this account of Finney’s meetings there: “The whole community was stirred. Religion was the topic of conversation in the house, in the shop, in the office, and on the street. The only theater in the city was converted into a livery stable; the only circus into a soap and candle factory. Grog shops were closed; the Sabbath was honored; the sanctuaries were thronged with happy worshippers; a new impulse was given to every philanthropic enterprise; the fountains of benevolence were opened, and men lived to good.”
The Ragú brand of pasta sauce used to be produced in Rochester. Some of the original facility still exists and produces products for other labels (including Newman’s Own) as Private Label Foods.
Several movies have been filmed at least in part in Rochester, including The Amazing Spiderman 2 (2014), The Tomorrow Man (2019), and Wonder Boys (2000).According to the 2010 census, the city’s population was 43.7% White or White American, 41.7% Black, 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 3.1% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 6.6% from some other race, and 4.4% from two or more races. 16.4% of the total population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, mostly made up of Puerto Ricans. Non-Hispanic Whites were 37.6% of the population in 2010, compared to 80.2% in 1970.The ethnic and economic makeup of Metro Rochester (with poorer blacks, Hispanics and Asian-Americans heavily concentrated either within the city proper or a few inner-ring suburbs and wealthier white residents predominantly in the suburbs) continues to impact the area’s modern day political situation. Like in many other large American cities, traditionally the city government has been completely dominated by the Democratic Party whereas the suburbs have reliably voted for Republican officials (at least on the local and state level). In recent decades the result of this has almost always been Democratic control of city government, Republican control of county government and Rochester’s state senate seats and Democratic control of Rochester’s primary congressional district (with a similar overall pattern in area state assembly districts). Fusion voting has allowed several third parties to have some impact on the local and state level; the Working Families Party plays a role particularly in city politics, and the Conservative Party endorses candidates primarily in the suburbs.Running east from Union Street just north of Main Street, Marketview Heights is best known as the location of the Public Market, which offers a variety of groceries and other goods from marketeers from farms and shops from surrounding areas, primarily on the weekends.
What is Rochester NY famous for?
Rochester has been known as the “Young Lion of the West,” the “Flour City,” and the “Flower City.” Rochester is also known for its unique and impressive history in photography, xerography, and optics, along with its leading role in manufacturing/research activities, and impressive educational resources in both …
Rochester and the surrounding region host a high concentration of colleges and universities, which drive much of the economic growth in the five-county area. The University of Rochester is the only large research institution primarily within the city limits, although Monroe Community College and SUNY Brockport operate campuses downtown. The Highland Park neighborhood was home to Colgate Rochester Crozer Divinity School (part of whose facility is leased by Ithaca College’s Department of Physical Therapy) and an office maintained by the Cornell University School of Industrial and Labor Relations.Rochester’s geography was formed by the ice sheets during the Pleistocene epoch. The retreating ice sheets reached a standstill at what is now the southern border of the city, melting at the same rate as they were advancing, depositing sediment along the southern edge of the ice mass. This created a line of hills, including (from west to east) Mt. Hope, the hills of Highland Park, Pinnacle Hill, and Cobb’s Hill. Because the sediment of these hills was deposited into a proglacial lake, they are stratified and classified as a “kame delta”. A brief retreat and readvance of the ice sheet onto the delta deposited unstratified material there, creating a rare hybrid structure called “kame moraine”.
On July 21, 2022, Rochester Mayor Malik Evans declared a state of emergency due to ongoing gun violence. Between the beginning of the calendar year and July 21, Rochester recorded 34 homicides in which a gun was involved.
Rochester (/ˈrɒtʃɛstər, -ɪs-/) is a city in the U.S. state of New York, the seat of Monroe County, and the fourth-most populous in the state after New York City, Buffalo, and Yonkers, with a population of 211,328 at the 2020 United States census. Located in Western New York, the city of Rochester forms the core of a larger metropolitan area with a population of 1 million people, across six counties. The city was one of the United States’ first boomtowns, initially due to the fertile Genesee River Valley, which gave rise to numerous flour mills, and then as a manufacturing center, which spurred further rapid population growth.
In the early 1970s, the Genesee Expressway Task Force, City leaders, and NYSDOT studied the feasibility of connecting the outer and inner Loops with a new southern expressway. The proposed route extended north from the I-390 and I-590 interchange in Brighton, cutting through Rochester’s Swillburg neighborhood. In 1972, consultants Berger Lehman Associates recommended a new ‘Busway’, an expressway with dedicated bus lanes, similar to Bus Rapid Transit. The expressway extension was never built.
As of the 2020 Census, the population of Rochester was 211,328. Like most Rust Belt cities, the city has experienced a sustained population decline over the last 60 years. In 2020, for the first time in 200 years, Rochester dropped to fourth most populous city in the state behind Yonkers. On November 12, 2021, Rochester Mayor Lovely Warren declared a state of emergency due to a rising violent crime rate in the city. As of November 12, there were 71 reported murders in Rochester so far, making 2021 the deadliest year in the city’s recorded history. The Rochester police chief said, to date, 247 local violent offenders have been arrested in 2021, 134 of which for firearms related offenses. Of those arrests, 65 are facing federal prosecution and 61 face state prosecution. According to the police chief, the mayor has reached out to the governor for additional state assistance in the fight against local violence as the police chief said the RPD resources, and the Persons In Crisis Team, have been stretched thin — a request that Governor Kathy Hochul approved, according to The RPD Chief. The New York State Unified Court System is a unified state court system that functions under the Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals who is the ex officio Chief Judge of New York. All city courts throughout the state are part of the Unified Court System. Rail service to Rochester is provided by the Louise M. Slaughter Rochester Station, served by Amtrak’s Empire Service between New York City and Niagara Falls, the Maple Leaf between New York City and Toronto, and the Lake Shore Limited between New York City/Boston and Chicago. Prior to 1965, Rochester had a smaller station reminiscent of New York City’s “Grand Central Terminal”. It was among Claude Fayette Bragdon’s best works in Rochester, New York. The current station is modeled after Bragdon’s work and named in honor of former longtime congresswomen Louise Slaughter. Rochester has played an important role in both regional and national politics at various points over the past 150 years (particularly as a hub for American Progressivism and sweeping social and cultural movements). It was one of the key centers of Abolitionism and a top destination for freed and escaped slaves, most notably Frederick Douglass, who settled in Rochester and did most of his work and writings there, including publishing The North Star. Many other prominent abolitionists hailed from and/or operated in the area, such as Thomas James, Austin Stewart and many others.Rochester is also known for its culture, in particular its music culture; institutions such as the Eastman School of Music (considered to be one of the most prestigious conservatories in the world) and the Rochester International Jazz Festival anchor a vibrant music industry, ranked as one of the top-10 music scenes in the US in terms of the concentration of musicians and music-related business. It is the site of multiple major festivals every year (such as the Lilac Festival, the aforementioned Jazz Festival, the Rochester Fringe Festival, and others that draw hundreds of thousands of attendees each) and is home to several world-famous museums such as The Strong National Museum of Play and the George Eastman Museum, which houses the oldest photography collection in the world and one of the largest.
As of the 2020 United States census, Rochester had a population of 211,328, of which 38.0% were non-Hispanic Black, 33.0% were non-Hispanic White, 19.8% were Hispanic/Latino, 3.9% were Asian, 0.2% were Native American or Pacific Islander, and 5.1% were mixed or other.
This neighborhood is a Preservation District on the National Register of Historic Places, known as the Madison Square-West Main Street Historic District. It encompasses a three-and-one-half block area within walking distance from downtown Rochester, and comprises residential, commercial and industrial buildings. The center of the residential area is Susan B. Anthony Square, a 0.84-acre (3,400 m) park shown on city maps from 1839, which was designed by the famous Olmstead Brothers. Also within the neighborhood is the Susan B. Anthony House, which was the suffragist’s residence for the last decades of her life, now a museum, as well as the Cunningham Carriage factory built in 1848 on Canal Street. James Cunningham Son & Co. sold more carriages in the United States in the 1880s than all other manufacturers combined. The Canal Street property, which still stands, remained Cunningham’s headquarters for more than 100 years.
What are people from Rochester NY called?
Rochester, New YorkRochesterDemonymRochesterianTime zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)• Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)ZIP codes146xx (14604=downtown)
The University of Rochester is the metropolitan area’s oldest and most prominent institution of higher learning, and one of the country’s top research centers. It was ranked as the 34th-best university in the nation by U.S. News & World Report for 2021 and was deemed “one of the new Ivies” by Newsweek. The nursing school has received many awards and honors and the Simon School of Business is also ranked in the top 30 in many categories.
Created in 1876, the Court was initially named the “Municipal Court of the City of Rochester” and had two judges. Originally, city courts throughout the state were self-regulating, and prescribed their own rules of procedure and bounds of jurisdiction. Rochester City Court was governed by the Rochester City Court Act, which was a part of the Charter of the City of Rochester.
Historically an Italian-American neighborhood, this area of the City of Rochester is now home to citizens from across the globe. There have recently been efforts to improve the quality of life in this neighborhood, as the area has opportunity for redevelopment and renewal.The city of Rochester is home to numerous cultural institutions. These include the Garth Fagan Dance, the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, the Rochester City Ballet, George Eastman Museum International Museum of Photography and Film, Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester Contemporary Art Center, Rochester Museum & Science Center, the Rochester Broadway Theater League, Strong National Museum of Play, the Strasenburgh Planetarium, Hochstein School of Music & Dance, the Auditorium Theater, and numerous arts organizations.The university is also home to the Eastman School of Music, which was ranked the number-one music school in America. It was founded and endowed by George Eastman in his years as a philanthropist. He also contributed greatly to the University of Rochester from wealth based on the success of Eastman Kodak.The Outer Loop circles just outside the city limits while the former Inner Loop once circled around the immediate downtown area within the city (the easternmost sector was closed in 2015). From the west are Lake Ontario State Parkway, NY-531 and I-490; Interstate 390 feeds from the south; and NY-104, NY-441, and I-490 approach from the east. Considerable effort was spent by inhabitants of Rochester to build up the waterfront to embrace the idea as well as to capitalize on potential tourism which was estimated to be an additional 75,000 tourists per month. In the first three months of operation, the fast ferry had carried about 140,000 people between Rochester and Toronto. A second Fast Ferry was proposed by CATS on August 27, 2004, which would have cost an additional $100 million. There were a number of problems concerning the ship’s engine, the lack of mutual building up of waterfronts in Toronto and the inability of the city to put pressure on the company responsible for the production of the Fast Ferry. This resulted in the failure of the project. It was sold to Förde Reederei Seetouristik, a German company, for $30 million. Charlotte (shar-LOT) is a lakefront community in Rochester bordering Lake Ontario. It is home to Ontario Beach Park, commonly known as Charlotte Beach, which is a popular summer destination for Rochesterians. A new terminal was built in 2004 for the Rochester-to-Toronto ferry service and was later sold after the ferry ceased operations in 2005. The Port of Rochester terminal still exists and has since been revamped. It now houses the restaurant California Rollin’, a coffee shop named The Nutty Bavarian along with offices for the marina created around it. In summer 2016 a proposed redevelopment project for the Port of Rochester was put on hold due to the developers failing to meet financial obligations as set by the city.
Rochester is governed by a mayor serving as chief executive of city government and a city council consisting of four district members and five at-large members. Rochester has a Strong mayor-council form of government. Mayor Malik Evans was sworn in as mayor at midnight on January 1, 2022. The city’s police department is the Rochester Police Department.
Rochester’s black population tripled to more than 25,000 during the 1950s. Casually employed by the city’s iconic industries, most African Americans in the city held low-pay and low-skill jobs, and lived in substandard housing. Discontent exploded in the 1964 Rochester race riot. Triggered by the attempted arrest of a 19-year-old intoxicated black male at a street block party, order was restored after three days, and only after Governor Nelson Rockefeller called out the New York National Guard. By the time the disturbance was over, five were dead (four in a helicopter crash) and 350 were injured. Almost a thousand people were arrested and 204 stores were either looted or damaged.Rochester rose to prominence as the birthplace and home of some of America’s most iconic companies, in particular Eastman Kodak, Xerox, and Bausch & Lomb (along with Wegmans, Gannett, Paychex, Western Union, French’s, Constellation Brands, Ragú, and others), by which the region became a global center for science, technology, and research and development. This status has been aided by the presence of several internationally renowned universities (notably the University of Rochester and Rochester Institute of Technology) and their research programs; these schools, along with many other smaller colleges, have played an increasingly large role in Greater Rochester’s economy. Rochester has also played a key part in US history as a hub for certain important social and political movements, especially abolitionism and the women’s rights movement. Rochester is served by the Frederick Douglass Greater Rochester International Airport (GRIA). Scheduled air service is provided by American, Allegiant, Delta, Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, and United. In the early 20th century, Rochester became a center of the garment industry, particularly men’s fashions. It was the base of Bond Clothing Stores, Fashion Park Clothes, Hickey Freeman, and Stein-Bloch and Co. Carriagemaker James Cunningham and Sons founded the pioneer automobile company Cunningham.
In 2010, the GRIA was ranked the 14th-least expensive airport in the United States by Cheapflights. This was considered a major achievement for the county and the airport authority; as recently as 2003, Rochester’s ticket prices were among the highest in the country, ranking as high as fourth in 1999.
Rochester was named the top minor league sports market in the country by Street & Smith’s Sports Business Journal in July 2005, the number 10 “best golf city” in America by Golf Magazine in 2007, and the fifth-best “sports town” in the country by Scarborough Research in September 2008.
From 1927 to 1957, Rochester had a light rail underground transit system called the Rochester Subway. It was the smallest city in the world to have one. The subway, which was operated by the Rochester Transit Corporation, was shut down in 1956. The eastern half of the subway past Court Street became the Eastern Expressway with the western end of the open cut being filled in 1976. The tunnel was last used for freight service by Gannett Company to bring paper to the printing presses for the Democrat and Chronicle in 1997. Over the years there have been privately sponsored proposals put forth that encourage the region to support a new system, possibly using some of the old tunnel. One includes converting the Broad Street bridge tunnel—the former canal aqueduct—into an enhanced pedestrian corridor, which would also include a Rochester Transportation Museum, and a tram system.Today, Rochester’s economy is defined by technology and education (aided by a highly educated workforce, research institutions, and other strengths born in its past). The city experienced significant population decline due to deindustrialization in the late 20th century. However, its bedrock companies such as Eastman Kodak and Xerox shrank much less severely than the heavy industry steel companies in Buffalo and Pittsburgh), and most Rust Belt metro areas. With strong growth in the education and healthcare sectors boosted by elite universities, the Rochester metropolitan area is the third-largest regional economy in New York, after the New York City metropolitan area and the Buffalo-Niagara Falls Metropolitan Area. Rochester’s gross metropolitan product is US$50.6 billion—above those of Albany and Syracuse, but below that of Buffalo.
The Lyell-Otis neighborhood is in the City of Rochester, in the Northwest Quadrant. Bordering the suburbs of Gates and Greece, the Lyell-Otis boundaries are the Erie Canal (the City Line) on the west, Lyell Avenue on the south, Driving Park Boulevard on the north, and the old subway bed (long since filled-in, which previously was where the Erie Canal flowed) on the east – almost to Dewey Avenue.
After the Civil War, Rochester had an expansion of new industries in the late 19th century, founded by migrants to the city, including inventor and entrepreneur George Eastman, who founded Eastman Kodak, and German immigrants John Jacob Bausch and Henry Lomb, who launched Bausch & Lomb in 1861. Not only did they create new industries, but Eastman also became a major philanthropist, developing and endowing the University of Rochester, its Eastman School of Music, and other local institutions.Rochester has twelve sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International. They are all dedicated by a branched concrete walkway over the Genesee River, dubbed the Sister Cities Bridge (known as the Frank and Janet Lamb Bridge since October 2006):
As of the 2014–2015 academic year, the only college in the Rochester area not officially classified at the Division III level is Roberts Wesleyan College, which completed its transition from membership in the National Christian College Athletic Association (NCCAA); Roberts Wesleyan was granted full membership in NCAA Division II beginning with the 2014–15 year.Rochester is home to a number of Fortune 1000 and international businesses, including Paychex ( Fortune #662), as well as several national and regional companies, such as Carestream Health. Xerox was founded in Rochester in 1906 as the Haloid Company, and retains a significant presence in Rochester, although its headquarters are now in Norwalk, Connecticut. Bausch & Lomb moved to Bridgewater, New Jersey, in 2014. The Gannett newspaper company and Western Union were founded in Rochester by Frank Gannett and Hiram Sibley, respectively, but have since moved to other cities.