All sunfish are sold as an ornamental species and not for human consumption. Bluegill can range in size from 2″ to 4″. We measure from the tip of the nose to the tip of the tail and the fish can fall anywhere in the ordered size range. Please note the pictures shown above are a good representation of our fish, but not the exact fish you will receive.Toledo Goldfish provides FREE SHIPPING on all goldfish, koi, crayfish, minnow, tadpole and snail orders. We process orders for arrival to your door Tuesday – Friday. We currently utilize FedEx and UPS. We cannot ship products to PO or APO addresses.RESTRICTIONS: It is the buyers responsibility to check all restrictions in their state and county before ordering. These fish are ornamental species and not for human consumption.Toledo Goldfish sells quality goldfish and koi across the United States directly from our farm to your doorstep. All of our products are born and raised in the USA.
Orders placed by 10AM EST Monday – Thursday will ship same day, with orders being placed after the cut-off time shipping the next day. (Orders placed after 10AM EST on Thursdays will ship the following Monday.)
Please note: This item is a living being. We hope your aquatic creature lives a long, happy life! But there is always a chance its lifespan will end prematurely. Before you buy consider the possibility of disappointment about the lifespan. These are live animals and may not survive shipments in extreme heat or cold. We do package our shipments well, but please postpone your order if daytime temperatures in your area are below 45° or above 90°. DO NOT RELEASE AQUATIC CREATURES INTO THE WILD.Ocean sunfish are native to the temperate and tropical waters of every ocean in the world. Mola genotypes appear to vary widely between the Atlantic and Pacific, but genetic differences between individuals in the Northern and Southern hemispheres are minimal.While this might be the case most of the time, they are also capable of moving rapidly when feeding or avoiding predators, to the extent that they can vertically leap out of water. Contrary to the perception that sunfish spend much of their time basking at the surface, M. mola adults actually spend a large portion of their lives actively hunting at depths greater than 200 m (660 ft), occupying both the epipelagic and mesopelagic zones.The flesh of the ocean sunfish is considered a delicacy in some regions, the largest markets being Taiwan and Japan. All parts of the sunfish are used in cuisine, from the fins to the internal organs. Some parts are used in some areas of traditional medicine. Fishery products derived from sunfish are forbidden in the European Union according to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council as they contain toxins that are harmful to human health.
Can sunfish live in an aquarium?
Although more often stocked as pond animals, fish of the family Centrarchidae (known as sunfish) can make very rewarding pets in the home aquarium. In many ways they are the North American equivalent to the cichlids, especially the Central American cichlids.
In the course of its evolution, the caudal fin (tail) of the sunfish disappeared, to be replaced by a lumpy pseudotail, the clavus. This structure is formed by the convergence of the dorsal and anal fins, and is used by the fish as a rudder. The smooth-denticled clavus retains 12 fin rays and terminates in a number of rounded ossicles.
In temperate regions, drifting kelp fields harbor cleaner wrasses and other fish which remove parasites from the skin of visiting sunfish. In the tropics, M. mola solicits cleaning help from reef fishes. By basking on its side at the surface, the sunfish also allows seabirds to feed on parasites from its skin. Sunfish have been reported to breach, clearing the surface by approximately 3 m (10 ft), in an apparent effort to dislodge embedded parasites.Despite their size, ocean sunfish are docile and pose no threat to human divers. Injuries from sunfish are rare, although a slight danger exists from large sunfish leaping out of the water onto boats; in one instance, a sunfish landed on a 4-year-old boy when the fish leaped onto the boy’s family’s boat. Areas where they are commonly found are popular destinations for sport dives, and sunfish at some locations have reportedly become familiar with divers. They are more of a problem to boaters than to swimmers, as they can pose a hazard to watercraft due to their large size and weight. Collisions with sunfish are common in some parts of the world and can cause damage to the hull of a boat, or to the propellers of larger ships, as well as to the fish. The fishery bycatch and destruction of ocean sunfish are unregulated worldwide. In some areas, the fish are “finned” by fishermen who regard them as worthless bait thieves; this process, in which the fins are cut off, results in the eventual death of the fish, because it can no longer propel itself without its dorsal and anal fins. The species is also threatened by floating litter such as plastic bags which resemble jellyfish, a common prey item. Bags can choke and suffocate a fish or fill its stomach to the extent that it starves. A member of the order Tetraodontiformes, which also includes pufferfish, porcupinefish, and filefish, the sunfish shares many traits common to members of this order. The ocean sunfish, Mola mola, is the type species of the genus.Many of the sunfish’s various names allude themselves to its flattened shape. Its scientific name, mola, is Latin for “millstone”, which the fish resembles because of its gray color, rough texture, and rounded body. Its common English name, sunfish, refers to the animal’s habit of sunbathing at the surface of the water. Its common names in Dutch, Portuguese, French, Spanish, Catalan, Italian, Russian, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, and German (maanvis, peixe lua, Poisson lune, pez luna, peix lluna, Pesce luna, рыба-луна, φεγγαρόψαρο, holdhal, månefisk and Mondfisch, respectively) mean “moon fish”, in reference to its rounded shape. In German, the fish is also known as Schwimmender Kopf, or “swimming head”. In Polish, it is named samogłów, meaning “head alone” or “only head”, because it has no true tail. In Swedish, Danish and Norwegian it is known as klumpfisk, in Dutch klompvis, in Finnish möhkäkala, all of which mean “lump fish”. The Chinese translation of its academic name is 翻車魚; fān chē yú, meaning “toppled wheel fish”. The ocean sunfish has various superseded binomial synonyms, and was originally classified in the pufferfish genus, as Tetraodon mola. It is now placed in its own genus, Mola, with three species: Mola mola, Mola tecta and Mola alexandrini (previously known as Mola ramsayi). The ocean sunfish, Mola mola, is the type species of the genus.
In Kamogawa Sea World the ocean sunfish named Kukey, who started captivity in 1982, set a world record for captivity for 2,993 days, living for eight years. Kukey was 72 cm (2.36 ft) at the time of delivery, but was 187 cm (6.14 ft) in size at the time of death.
The mature ocean sunfish has an average length of 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) and a fin-to-fin length of 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in). The weight of mature specimens can range from 247 to 1,000 kg (545 to 2,205 lb), but even larger individuals are not unheard of. The maximum size recorded is 3.3 m (10 ft 10 in) in length, and maximum weight recorded is 2,300 kg (5,100 lb).Sunfish are generalist predators that consume largely small fish, fish larvae, squid, and crustaceans. Sea jellies and salps, once thought to be the primary prey of sunfish, make up only 15% of a sunfish’s diet. Females of the species can produce more eggs than any other known vertebrate, up to 300,000,000 at a time. Sunfish fry resemble miniature pufferfish, with large pectoral fins, a tail fin, and body spines uncharacteristic of adult sunfish.
Because sunfish had not been kept in captivity on a large scale before, the staff at Monterey Bay was forced to innovate and create their own methods for capture, feeding, and parasite control. By 1998, these issues were overcome, and the aquarium was able to hold a specimen for more than a year, later releasing it after its weight increased by more than 14 times. Mola mola has since become a permanent feature of the Open Sea exhibit. Monterey Bay Aquarium’s largest sunfish specimen was euthanized on February 14, 2008, after an extended period of poor health.
Sunfish fry, with large pectoral fins, a tail fin, and body spines uncharacteristic of adult sunfish, resemble miniature pufferfish, their close relatives. Young sunfish school for protection, but this behavior is abandoned as they grow.Feeding captive sunfish in a tank with faster-moving, more aggressive fish can also present a challenge. Eventually, the fish can be taught to respond to a floating target to be fed, and to take food from the end of a pole or from human hands.
The spinal column of M. mola contains fewer vertebrae and is shorter in relation to the body than that of any other fish. Although the sunfish descended from bony ancestors, its skeleton contains largely cartilaginous tissues, which are lighter than bone, allowing it to grow to sizes impractical for other bony fishes. Its teeth are fused into a beak-like structure, which prevents them from being able to fully close their mouths, while also having pharyngeal teeth located in the throat.Ocean sunfish may live up to ten years in captivity, but their lifespan in a natural habitat has not yet been determined. Their growth rate remains undetermined. However, a young specimen at the Monterey Bay Aquarium increased in weight from 26 to 399 kg (57 to 880 lb) and reached a height of nearly 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) in 15 months.
How much are pygmy sunfish?
$12.99 – $29.99. Everglades pygmy sunfish are a tiny native nano fish found in Florida and select areas of the south eastern united states. Males develop speckles and turn dark with some gold/blue highlights during mating. Cached
Sunfish are not widely held in aquarium exhibits, due to the unique and demanding requirements of their care. Some Asian aquaria display them, particularly in Japan. The Kaiyukan Aquarium in Osaka is one of few aquariums with M. mola on display, where it is reportedly as popular an attraction as the larger whale sharks. The Lisbon Oceanarium in Portugal has sunfish showcased in the main tank, and in Spain, the Valencia Oceanogràfic has specimens of sunfish. The Ocean sunfish is also on display at the Denmark Nordsøen Oceanarium.
The ocean sunfish or common mola (Mola mola) is one of the largest bony fish in the world. It was misidentified as the heaviest bony fish, which was actually a different species, Mola alexandrini. Adults typically weigh between 247 and 1,000 kg (545 and 2,205 lb). The species is native to tropical and temperate waters around the world. It resembles a fish head without a tail, and its main body is flattened laterally. Sunfish can be as tall as they are long when their dorsal and ventral fins are extended.
The genus Mola belongs to the family Molidae. This family comprises three genera: Masturus, Mola and Ranzania. The common name “sunfish” without qualifier is used to describe the marine family Molidae and the freshwater sunfish in the family Centrarchidae, which is unrelated to Molidae. On the other hand, the name “ocean sunfish” and “mola” refer only to the family Molidae.A major concern to curators is preventive measures taken to keep specimens in captivity from injuring themselves by rubbing against the walls of a tank, since ocean sunfish cannot easily maneuver their bodies. In a smaller tank, hanging a vinyl curtain has been used as a stopgap measure to convert a cuboid tank to a rounded shape and prevent the fish from scraping against the sides. A more effective solution is simply to provide enough room for the sunfish to swim in wide circles. The tank must also be sufficiently deep to accommodate the vertical height of the sunfish, which may reach 3.2 m (10 ft 6 in).
More than 40 species of parasites may reside on the skin and internally, motivating the fish to seek relief in a number of ways. One of the most frequent ocean sunfish parasites is the flatworm Accacoelium contortum.
Adult sunfish are vulnerable to few natural predators, but sea lions, killer whales, and sharks will consume them. Sunfish are considered a delicacy in some parts of the world, including Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. In the European Union, regulations ban the sale of fish and fishery products derived from the family Molidae. Sunfish are frequently caught in gillnets.The sheer size and thick skin of an adult of the species deters many smaller predators, but younger fish are vulnerable to predation by bluefin tuna and mahi mahi. Adults are consumed by orca, sharks and sea lions.
While the first ocean sunfish to be held in an aquarium in the United States is said to have arrived at the Monterey Bay Aquarium in August 1986, other specimens have previously been held at other locations. Marineland of the Pacific, closed since 1987 and located on the Palos Verdes Peninsula in Los Angeles County, California, held at least one ocean sunfish by 1961, and in 1964 held a 290-kilogram (650 lb) specimen, said to be the largest ever captured at that time. However, another 450-kilogram (1,000 lb) specimen was brought alive to Marineland Studios Aquarium, near St. Augustine, Florida, in 1941.
The diet of the ocean sunfish was formerly thought to consist primarily of various jellyfish. However, genetic analysis reveals that sunfish are actually generalist predators that consume largely small fish, fish larvae, squid, and crustaceans, with jellyfish and salps making up only around 15% of the diet. Occasionally they will ingest eel grass. This range of food items indicates that the sunfish feeds at many levels, from the surface to deep water, and occasionally down to the seafloor in some areas.
Are pygmy sunfish aggressive?
Unlike the boisterous centrarchid sunfish, the pygmy sunfish are not at all aggressive, though spawning males will establish small (around one square foot) territories from which they will chase away other males. Fights between these fish rarely lead to any damage.
The family Molidae belongs to the order Tetraodontiformes, which includes pufferfish and filefish. It shares many traits common to members of this order, including the four fused teeth that form the characteristic beak and give the order its name (tetra=four, odous=tooth, and forma=shape). Indeed, sunfish fry resemble spiky pufferfish more than they resemble adult molas.In 2016, researchers from China National Genebank and A*STAR Singapore, including Nobel laureate Sydney Brenner, sequenced the genome of the ocean sunfish and discovered several genes which might explain its fast growth rate and large body size. As member of the order Tetraodontiformes, like fugu, the sunfish has quite a compact genome, at 730 Mb in size. Analysis from this data suggests that sunfish and pufferfishes diverged approximately 68 million years ago, which corroborates the results of other recent studies based on smaller datasets. The caudal fin of the ocean sunfish is replaced by a rounded clavus, creating the body’s distinct truncated shape. The body is flattened laterally, giving it a long oval shape when seen head-on. The pectoral fins are small and fan-shaped, while the dorsal fin and the anal fin are lengthened, often making the fish as tall as it is long. Specimens up to 3.3 m (10 ft 10 in) in height have been recorded. Adult sunfish range from brown to silvery-grey or white, with a variety of region-specific mottled skin patterns. Coloration is often darker on the dorsal surface, fading to a lighter shade ventrally as a form of countershading camouflage. M. mola also exhibits the ability to vary skin coloration from light to dark, especially when under attack. The skin, which contains large amounts of reticulated collagen, can be up to 7.3 cm (2+3⁄4 in) thick on the ventral surface, and is covered by denticles and a layer of mucus instead of scales. The skin on the clavus is smoother than that on the body, where it can be as rough as sandpaper.Sunfish are most often found in water warmer than 10 °C (50 °F); prolonged periods spent in water at temperatures of 12 °C (54 °F) or lower can lead to disorientation and eventual death. Surface basking behavior, in which a sunfish swims on its side, presenting its largest profile to the sun, may be a method of “thermally recharging” following dives into deeper, colder water in order to feed. Sightings of the fish in colder waters outside of its usual habitat, such as those southwest of England, may be evidence of increasing marine temperatures, although the proximity of England’s southwestern coast to the Gulf Stream means that many of these sightings may also be the result of the fish being carried to Europe by the current.Many areas of sunfish biology remain poorly understood, and various research efforts are underway, including aerial surveys of populations, satellite surveillance using pop-off satellite tags, genetic analysis of tissue samples, and collection of amateur sighting data. A decrease in sunfish populations may be caused by more frequent bycatch and the increasing popularity of sunfish in human diet.
Ocean sunfish often swim near the surface, and their protruding dorsal fins are sometimes mistaken for those of sharks. However, the two can be distinguished by the motion of the fin. Unlike most fish, the sunfish swings its dorsal fin and anal fin in a characteristic sculling motion.
Sunfish are accidentally but frequently caught in drift gillnet fisheries, making up nearly 30% of the total catch of the swordfish fishery employing drift gillnets in California. The bycatch rate is even higher for the Mediterranean swordfish industry, with 71% to 90% of the total catch being sunfish.The sunfish lacks a swim bladder. Some sources indicate the internal organs contain a concentrated neurotoxin, tetrodotoxin, like the organs of other poisonous tetraodontiformes, while others dispute this claim.The mating practices of the ocean sunfish are poorly understood, but spawning areas have been suggested in the North Atlantic, South Atlantic, North Pacific, South Pacific, and Indian oceans. Females are estimated to be carrying as many as 300 million eggs, more than any other known vertebrate. Sunfish eggs are released into the water and externally fertilized by sperm.Although early research suggested sunfish moved around mainly by drifting with ocean currents, individuals have been recorded swimming 26 km (16 mi) in a day at a cruising speed of 3.2 km/h (1.7 kn).
How long do pygmy sunfish live?
Banded pygmy sunfishes live for one to two years. Most Elassoma species are solitary except in the spring, when they congregate to spawn in aquatic vegetation.
One look at the big-eyed Aimara wolf fish, and you know they mean business! Their oversized eyes are the only feature that makes them look tough. They have upturned mouths full of sharp teeth and are not afraid to use them. If you are serious about having one of the most aggressive freshwater fish in your home aquarium, you better plan big! These fish can be 2 ½ feet long and weigh 80+ pounds. They need a lot of room, so be sure you can accommodate a 300+ gallon tank. For reference, that is around 6 feet long, 4 feet wide, and 2 feet high. Aimara wolf fish, sometimes called Giant Wolf Fish, are the largest of the wolffish and are from the Amazon Basin and Orinoco Basin.
With a name like “dwarf pea puffer,” you are probably not that intimidated, but these tiny fish have a reputation for being feisty and aggressive! Dwarf pea puffers are the smallest of pufferfish and only get to be about an inch (about the size of a gumball). When you hear “pufferfish,” you may think of the large spike-covered pufferfish found in the ocean, but there are freshwater and saltwater pufferfish. The dwarf pea puffer has a base color of tan and is covered in black splotches. Their oblong bodies dart around the tank with surprising speed. As pufferfish, they can inflate their bodies to make themselves round, a defense mechanism to scare off predators. They do well as the master of their tank with one fish per tank, or if you want tank mates, you can try kuhli loach, neon Tetras or danios, but be sure to provide a large tank with plenty of vegetation.Piranhas have a Hollywood reputation for being savagely aggressive fish, but are they really? Yes! Piranhas are naturally aggressive fish, often hiding together in vegetation and then ambushing their prey as a group. Large schools of piranha can take down other fish and animals much larger than themselves. As opportunistic feeders, they will eat what they can find from small fish, crustaceans, insects even birds. They also nip at larger fish tails and eat what they can snip off. Piranhas are omnivores and consume plants, fruits, seeds, algae, and other vegetation.
Red tail sharks are not actually sharks but a kind of carp. One of the reasons it’s called a shark is because of its shark-like personality. They are very aggressive and territorial. Not only will they fight with other redtail sharks, but they will also bully other fish if allowed. It is best to keep them in a tank on their own or provide plenty of space with a few hardier species like Barbs or Tetras. The red-tail shark is a beautiful freshwater fish with a contrasting black body and bright red tail, so you can see why fish enthusiasts like keeping them. They can grow to be about 4 ½ inches and will thrive in a tank that is 55 gallons or more.
Don’t be fooled by the elegant-looking betta fish. With their vibrant colors and long, flowing hair-like fins, you might think they are docile and peaceful. Maybe you already know this popular fish is one of the most aggressive; its nickname is the Siamese fighting fish. You especially do not want to put two male bettas in the same tank! In the wild (betta are originally from southeast Asia), these fish have miles and miles of paddies to swim and find their own home, so there is less need to defend their territory. If you put two male bettas in the same tank, they get territorial and usually lash out at each other. Keeping male betta by themselves or with tank mates like snails and shrimp works much better.While you can find some tank mates that won’t become dinner, like some of the larger catfish species, many fish hobbyists prefer to keep a species-specific tank of piranha only. You can feed them live prey, but it is unnecessary. A diet of commercially prepared frozen feed cubes mixed with frozen white fish meat (thawed and served) works well. Add a variety of vegetables and fruits to round out the diet. Watching your school of piranha devours their dinner is one of the attractions to this aggressive species; they certainly are not concerned about table manners!
While aggressive fish may not be the best fit for a community tank, you can create an intriguing home aquarium to enjoy some of the most spirited freshwater fish when housed alone or with specific species. Read on to learn about the most aggressive freshwater fish for home aquariums.
If you decide to get the aggressive Arowana for your home aquarium, be sure to provide it with plenty of space. Most hobbyists recommend a tank of 250 gallons for a full-grown Arowana. It is not a good idea to have more than one Arowana in the same tank because they are so aggressive. Finding other tank mates who tolerate or can defend themselves from the bully Arowana is also difficult. A larger catfish or something like a jaguar cichlid might be able to hold its own if you want a community tank. Be prepared for the long lifespan of the Arowana because they can live from 10-20 years! Truly a fascinating freshwater fish!Since their name is the red devil cichlid vs the golden angel cichlid, you know there is something behind their personality. These cichlids mean business and are known to be some of the most aggressive freshwater fish. Red devil cichlids are reddish to pinkish and have oversized lips. You might not notice the large lips because the large bulbous lump on the top of their heads (males) is the most apparent. They are very unusual-looking fish, to be sure. The average red devil is around 15 inches long, a little longer than a football. Because of their size and activity level, they need a tank of at least 55 gallons or 125 gallons if you want to have a breeding pair. Red devil cichlid really does best in a solo tank or with one partner. At the other end of the spectrum of the tiny pea puffer is the massive Arowana. While Arowana is usually on display in public aquariums, with the right setup, you can house them in a home aquarium…a very large aquarium! Captive Arowana can get up to 3 feet long, with ones in the wild reaching lengths of more than 39 inches (100 cm). Arowana looks like they are always mad because of their upturned mouths. Two barbels stick up from their bottom lip, giving them a unique look. They have flat heads and long torpedo-like bodies. Arowana comes in various colors, including black, gold, red, and silver, with a metallic look. If you have a home aquarium filled with various amazing fish coexisting in harmony, you probably are not looking to add a troublemaker. However, some of the most aggressive fish can be incredibly fascinating and admirable for their tenacity.First, let’s explain a bit about why some fish might be more aggressive than others. Fish can be aggressive for several reasons. One of the most common times you will see aggression is when fish guard their territory. That makes sense! They want to keep their “home” safe from other fish to have a safe place to hide and rest. Fish may also be more aggressive if they protect their eggs or fry (baby fish). This is like the “mother bear” instinct, where you don’t want to mess with a mother bear with cubs. Male fish are often aggressive during breeding because they want to impress their potential mates and fight off competition. Some aggressive fish will only be aggressive if provoked, while others seem to be bullies out looking for a fight. Here are some of the most aggressive freshwater fish you can find in home aquariums.At the
other end of the size spectrum is the small feisty tiger barb. They only get to be 3 inches long but don’t let their size fool you. If you had a couple of tiger barbs and introduced a guppy or betta into their tank, they would terrorize their new tank mate! So don’t do that! Tiger barbs are better off in single-species tanks with 6 or more so they can keep each other occupied. Tiger barbs are orangish-yellow and have four vertical black “tiger” stripes. They are originally from Borneo and Malaysia but are now found in the U.S., Australia, Columbia, and Singapore.
The fish can grow to a maximum length of 3.4 cm (in total length), and it generally grows to 2.3 cm (TL). Scales are present at the top of its head. Its mouth is both small and oblique. The fish does not have a lateral line. A crescent-shaped area behind each eye may be gold or iridescent blue. It has dark lips. Egg count in the ovaries of females in captivity ranged from 115 to 500, increasing with the fish’s size.In 2013, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species named the species Least Concern because of its “large extent of occurrence, large number of subpopulations, large population size, apparently stable trend, and lack of major threats.”
The Everglades pygmy sunfish tends to live alone. As an invertivore, the fish preys on worms and other crustaceans in its habitat. Prey include cladocerans, dipteran larvae, annelids, chironomids, copepods, ostracods, and newly hatched snails. Where food is centrally located, males will establish territories with closer proximity to the center based on dominance. In environments of evenly distributed food, males will range freely and will not establish territories.
The Everyglades pygmy sunfish can be found in the United States from the end of Cape Fear River, North Carolina to Mobile Bay, Alabama. It may also be found from the south of Florida to the northern end of the Everglades. The fish has been found more often in the natural marshes rather than the constructed marshes of central Florida.
The fish has variable color and form. Its body is generally colored brown with darker spots. The fish has several rows of dark red spots on its dorsal and anal fins. “Nonbreeding” fish may have light streaks, mottling, or blotches. Females of the species in general are colored brown on their backs with mottled brown and cream/white coloring underneath, or they may be reddish brown. The females have no markings. “Breeding” males are colored black with iridescent blue spots. Males have black fins with or without brown spots. Male bodies may be black, brown, or dark green with blotches or spots. A few indistinct dark bars may be present on the male body. Males may have brassy or blue-green iridescent scales scattered across their bodies.
Elassoma refers to the Greek words elasson, for “smaller”, and soma, for “body”. Evergladei means “of the Everglades”, named for the location the type specimens were captured. David Starr Jordan first described the species in 1884, and his original specimens measured one inch in length. One 1918 publication mentioned the species’ common name as the “southern pygmy sunfish”.The species’ population density is highly dependent on environmental conditions. However, the fish is considered common in most of its range and its overall population (estimated at 100,000 as of 2013) is large and stable.
Elassoma evergladei, or the Everglades pygmy sunfish, is a species of fish from the genus Elassoma (the pygmy sunfishes) that is endemic to North America.
Like many other fish species, Elassoma evergladei is oviparous. A female may lay 40 to 60 eggs, and a male will guard the eggs. Eggs are laid in aquatic plants, especially in those from the genus Ceratophyllum.The fish lives in freshwater and demersal habitats at a pH range of 7.0 to 7.5 and a temperature range of 10 to 30 degrees Celsius. They reside in swamps, sphagnum bogs, sloughs with heavy vegetation, canals, overflow pools, ponds, lakes, and streams; generally over mud, silt, sand, limestone, or detritus. They exist in such areas where the current is slow and water levels fluctuate. They prefer shallow areas as well as areas of vegetation. The species tends to stay restricted to black water environments more than other species of the genus.
Holidays and\/or bad weather may delay orders. Please ensure that day\/night temperatures on the route from central Florida to you has temperatures above 35\u00b0F and below 95\u00b0F before ordering, I will also confirm. You are responsible for ensuring the livestock is legal where you live.
All fish are shipped with the utmost care. The health of safety of the fish is our main concern so all aquatic life is packaged professionally – using styrofoam inserts and heating packs when necessary. Shipping is done on Mondays and Tuesdays. Please allow 1-2 days handling time as all live fish are fasted before shipping to reduce waste output and ensure a safe arrival.
We guarantee that as long as your fish are delivered by the time that carrier specified they will arrive alive and healthy. The vast majority of the time this is the case however DOA’s do happen occasionally. If the untimely event of an entire order being DOA please send 2 clear pictures showing the fish within the sealed bag within 2 hours of the first delivery attempt. Once you open the bag, the live arrival guarantee is void. Once reviewed by us we will then request 2 additional clear photos of the fish laying in a bowl of water belly up. We will either replace the order or refund the order cost minus the cost of shipping. No Returns Are Allowed.
The Native Range of Lepomis, like all Centrarchids, is North America; from as far north as Quebec, Canada to southernmost Texas and Florida. Though originally confined to the eastern side of the Continent, Lepomis have since been introduced all over North America. Certain species have also established feral populations in Europe, Asia, South Africa, South America, and Oceania and are considered pest species. Not all Lepomis species tolerate salt indefinitely, however. Both the Green Sunfish and the Warmouth have a tolerance limit closer to 1.003 and no data was found to suggest that the Longear Sunfish or Northern Sunfish will adapt to brackish conditions. Lepomis species are very much like cool water to subtropical Central American cichlids in terms of water quality preferences. Alkaline (pH 7+), Moderately hard water (10+ dH) at around room temperature (60-70 F) seem to be appreciated by all species, though they certainly can tolerate higher temperatures for extended periods of time.
Although more often stocked as pond animals, fish of the family Centrarchidae (known as sunfish) can make very rewarding pets in the home aquarium. In many ways they are the North American equivalent to the cichlids, especially the Central American cichlids. Of particular note are the fish of the genus Lepomis, which contains some of the smaller, more colorful, and more outgoing sunfish. None of these are widely sold in the aquarium fish trade, unfortunately. Specimens can be purchased through pond stocking websites or can be manually collected in local ponds. Nets/seines and hook/line are both effective ways of catching these fish. However, you should always check local laws regarding native fish prior to the collection process. Lepomis species are carnivores and should be fed meaty foods at least on occasion. Brine and mysis shrimp for smaller specimens, earthworms, chopped fish and shellfish, krill, and shrimp are all good items to include on a regular basis. Any smaller snails or shrimps in the aquarium are likely to be eaten as well. Lepomis are not picky eaters though and quickly acclimate to dried foods. A good quality pellet, especially those made for cichlids or for pond fish, make the best staple diet for these fish.
Lepomis species dig pits when preparing for mating, however in a manner differently from the pit-spawning cichlids. The males create the breeding sites, digging pits with their tails as opposed to their mouths. As can be expected, these fish can become incredibly aggressive during breeding times and any aquarist who intends to spawn fish (or keep them in groups… a large enough group will eventually result in breeding pairs) should keep these fish in their own aquariums with plenty of hiding places to allow the female(s) to break line of sight with the males. Due to their tendency to dig, plants may become uprooted or shredded during breeding times.
Although freshwater fish, a majority of the Lepomis species are found in brackish water throughout their known ranges. Most seem to tolerate around 1.000-1.005 for the long term, though can be occasionally found in much higher specific gravity than this. The Redspotted Sunfish, for example, has been found in waters as high as 1.015 and the Bantam Sunfish in 1.014. None seem to need brackish water to ensure long term health and are perhaps best kept in fresh water.
Competitive Interactions between Invasive Nile Tilapia and Native Fish: The Potential for Altered Trophic Exchange and Modification of Food Webs, Charles W. Martin
Hardy, attractive, and full of personality, Lepomis sunfish can be very rewarding fish for those who want a change of pace from the common cichlids sold in fish stores (but are used to rough and tumble systems). Although they need big systems and can be aggressive, they certainly make suitable fish tank inhabitants for those who are prepared to care for them.
Centrarchids typically act in a manner similar to cichlids. Although some species are found in schools in the wild, even occasionally in mixed species groups, within the confines of the aquarium centrarchids are territorial and may not tolerate similar fish in their vicinity. Of course, some species are much more aggressive, like the Longear Sunfish, and others relatively placid, like the Orangespotted Sunfish. Members of all species will rearrange the substrate as seen fit and will uproot and shred plants in the aquarium.
As with many large fish, centrarchids are messy and require high levels of filtration in order to maintain good health. A good target for filter turnover is between 6-10 times the tank volume per hour. That said, Lepomis are anything if not hardy, and can tolerate water outside of their preferences for extended periods of time. Certainly not an excuse not to keep up on water changes, though!As with the majority of aquarium fish, “the bigger, the better”. Groups of some of the larger and/or more aggressive species should only be attempted in larger volumes (100+ gallons) which may still be cramped for the few species which can attain over a foot in length (which do better in 200+ gallon systems). Smaller species could be kept singularly in tanks around 30-40 gallons, and 55 gallons and up make suitable homes for small groups of these fish.
Can pygmy sunfish live alone?
Behavior. The Everglades pygmy sunfish tends to live alone. As an invertivore, the fish preys on worms and other crustaceans in its habitat.
The majority of the Lepomis species get to be about 8-12 inches maximum, with an average length of 6-8 inches more common. Two species, the Bluegill and the Redear Sunfish, both grow over 16 inches and particularly large specimens may be too large to keep in anything less than 200+ gallon aquariums comfortably. A few species are fairly reasonably sized aquarium fish; the Dollar Sunfish, Bantam Sunfish, and Northern Sunfish stay fairly small for centrarchids and do not exceed 5 inches in length. Environmental Evaluations for the development of minimum flows and levels for the St. Johns River near DeLand at State Road 44, Volusia County, Environmental Consulting and Technology, Inc. One thing to do is definitely buy a bunch of live black worms, and add them. The pygmy sunfish will only eat a few. The worms will dig down into your substrate, and the sunfish will hunt for them every now and then. If you have a good LFS, they will often sell small batches of live black worms. I think we literally left off feeding our tank for a month or more, because the live black worms were seeded into the substrate and fed them all day long.
Awesome and thanks!! They are Elassoma Gilberti. I do have baby brine hatching out everyday since I do have apisto fry so I’m fine there. I will look into getting black worms though. Also how big do they really get? I expect them to be a little bigger lol but super adorable anyway. I appreciate the information
I just bought 4 pygmy sunfish if anyone has experience with them would love some advice. I do have live foods to feed them. Also sexing them i believe I have 2 male and 2 femaleMature pairs can go for $30 or more on AquaBid or GetGills. If you get 20x fry, $15 each, you’ll bag $300. Which isn’t a lot after you consider the long process of raising them. But it does recover you some expenses. They’re very easy to ship in cool weather — late fall, early spring.
Nice I wouldn’t doubt it! The fry are pretty big. I breed cpds and they are the same size of the sunfish. And the cpd fry are super tiny. So I’m guessing these are at least 2-3 weeks oldYeah. No larger. They’ll put on some girth once they’ve eaten some black worms, white worms, or grindal worms. But they probably don’t get much more length, head to tail, than what you’ve got there.
Can you buy sunfish?
All sunfish are sold as an ornamental species and not for human consumption. Bluegill can range in size from 2″ to 4″. We measure from the tip of the nose to the tip of the tail and the fish can fall anywhere in the ordered size range.
The Bluebarred Pygmy Sunfish (scientific name: Elassoma okatie) can be found in the slow-moving drainage waters of the Savannah River, which borders Georgia and South Carolina. The Bluebarred Pygmy is slightly larger than the Gulf Coast pygmy, with adults topping out at around 1.3 inches in length.While it can be difficult to spot the differences between the different types of pygmy sunfish, there are some subtle differences to look for when determining species type.
In the wild, these fish live in pH-neutral waters but are excellent at adapting to most tank conditions. As long as proper drip acclimation is followed, these fish can live comfortably and are even capable of spawning in a pH range between 6.5-7.5.
Pygmy Sunfish (genus: Elassoma) is a freshwater genus of fish that hails from the southeastern United States, where they live in streams, swamps, ponds, and other areas with heavy vegetation. These fish prefer slow-moving, shallow environments, where they live a solitary lifestyle.
The Gulf Coast Pygmy is one of the smallest of all the pygmy sunfish, only growing to about an inch in length. Males from this species are quite attractive fish, sporting a black-colored body, with iridescent blue markings on their dorsal, anal, pelvic, and caudal fins. Additional blue markings can be found underneath their eyelids, rounding out their impressive appearance.Out of all the different types of pygmy sunfish, no species is more popular than the Everglades pygmy (scientific name: Elassoma evergladei). This fish can be found in the Cape Fear River and the naturally occurring marshes of central Florida. Hobbyists looking to breed pygmy sunfish will enjoy knowing that they’ll easily breed in captivity. Many aquarists recommend breeding these fish regularly. Due to their short lifespan, you can sustain your pygmy sunfish by continuously breeding the species. Banded Pygmies have perhaps the most unique appearance compared to the other species of pygmy sunfish. Both males and females have brown-colored bodies, with vertical black bands. Colors are more pronounced in the males, which feature bodies covered in small black dots that extend throughout their dorsal, caudal, anal, and pelvic fins.
Additional male pygmies can be added to a pygmy sunfish aquarium, but once again – make sure that there is plenty of available foliage. If a male regularly sees a dominant male, it will lose its intense coloration. Having plenty of foliage and hiding spots will result in multiple dominant males, which hobbyists often prefer since the males will showcase their best coloration. If you’re interested in caring for a pygmy sunfish, it’s important to have a good understanding of its care requirements. While these fish make an excellent choice for a nano aquarium, they are more difficult to care for than other nano fish species, largely due to their dietary requirements. Pygmy Sunfish are a pretty laid-back genus of fish. Most of the time they can be found hovering in place along the substrate, or lounging near some of the foliage in their tanks.
When it comes to nano fish, chances are you’ve already heard of some of the more popular species. Tetras, guppies, and mollies frequently steal the spotlight, but there are many other fascinating species that have distinct appearances and personalities.
When fully acclimated to their environment, Pygmy Sunfish are a relatively hardy species. As long as water conditions are monitored with a testing kit and bi-weekly 30% water changes are performed, it’s unlikely that you’ll encounter many diseases.
Pygmy sunfish have unique dietary requirements and you’ll want to feed them a diet consisting of black worms, bloodworms, and grindal worms 1-2 times per day over a 2-3 minute period.
As with all fish, a nutrient-rich diet combined with pristine water conditions will improve the chances that these fish will live a full and healthy life.Consider avoiding snails such as black mysteries, and Neocaridina shrimp color morphs like the Orange Pumpkin. While pygmy sunfish can co-exist with these inhabitants, they may pick at any small invertebrates that are present in the aquarium. Both pygmy sunfish and invertebrates may also compete for the same food sources, which adds a layer of difficulty considering spring pygmies have unique dietary needs.
Potential tank mate options include purple moscow guppies, cardinal tetras, and many of the more well-known peaceful schooling fish. Smaller pleco species, such as the green phantom pleco can work well with pygmy sunfish provided a large enough aquarium.
What size tank does a pygmy sunfish need?
10-gallon aquarium Aim for 1-2 species of pygmy sunfish for every 5 gallons of water. The only exception would be if you decide on the Banded Pygmy Sunfish. Since this species tends to grow a bit larger (about 2.5 inches) you’ll want to have at least a 10-gallon aquarium before adding 1-2 fish of this species. Cached
The most important thing you’ll want to include in a pygmy sunfish aquarium is plenty of live plants. The sky’s the limit when it comes to planting options, java moss or flame moss, dwarf hairgrass, taiwan lilies, hygro, and even more demanding plants like rotala rotundifolia make excellent options in a pygmy sunfish aquarium.
The Okefenokee Swamp, a 438,000-acre wetland along the Florida-Georgia border is the home to a variety of different species including alligators, toads, frogs, herons, and, as you may have guessed – the Okefenokee Pygmy Sunfish.
Pygmy sunfish are rare and attractive looking nano fish. While they can be difficult to acquire, they reward hobbyists with their fascinating appearance and unique mating rituals.
Now that you’ve learned all about the different species of pygmy sunfish, do you plan on adding a few to your freshwater aquarium? Let us know by commenting below, and be sure to visit our marketplace and community forum, where you can buy, sell, and trade with other aquarium hobbyists.
Last on our list of Pygmy Sunfish is the Banded Pygmy (scientific name: Elassoma zonatum). The species has a widespread distribution, native to the slow-moving waters found between Texas and the Atlantic Coast. It’s the largest of all the pygmy sunfish. When provided a well-balanced diet, adults can grow to be about 2 inches in length. Due to their small size, Pygmy Sunfish make an excellent choice for hobbyists looking for a rare and unique-looking species to showcase in a nano tank. Aim for 1-2 species of pygmy sunfish for every 5 gallons of water. Unlike the other pygmy sunfish, Okefenokee (scientific name: Elassoma okefenokee) sunfish have an olive green coloration but will transition to a blacker coloration when ready to mate. Hobbyists looking to distinguish the Okefenokee Pygmy from the Bluebarred Pygmy Sunfish should look to the anal fins, as the Okefenokee pygmy will have eight fin rays compared to the Bluebarred’s seven.
Are sunfish nice to humans?
Despite their size, ocean sunfish are docile and pose no threat to human divers. Injuries from sunfish are rare, although a slight danger exists from large sunfish leaping out of the water onto boats; in one instance, a sunfish landed on a 4-year-old boy when the fish leaped onto the boy’s family’s boat.
Hobbyists appreciate the fish for its mating behavior and unique appearance. While there is some variation between individual fish, males that are ready to breed will typically have dark-colored bodies, adorned with iridescent blue spots. Females will exhibit an all-brown coloration, with little to no markings.However, it’s not impossible, and if a newly infected species is introduced into an aquarium with pygmy sunfish, they’re still vulnerable to transmissible diseases such as ich and epistylis. These fish can live with or without a heater and are capable of doing well in water conditions that exceed the above-recommended ranges, but the above ranges can be used as a guideline. The only exception would be if you decide on the Banded Pygmy Sunfish. Since this species tends to grow a bit larger (about 2.5 inches) you’ll want to have at least a 10-gallon aquarium before adding 1-2 fish of this species.
Are pygmy sunfish freshwater?
DESCRIPTION: The spring pygmy sunfish is a small freshwater fish, shorter than two inches in length.
The Spring Pygmy Sunfish (scientific name: Elassoma alabamae) can be found in northern Alabama, swimming in the Beaverdam Creek and the Blackwell Swamp.
One example are Pygmy Sunfish. Only seven species comprise the genus, and these fish are highly sought after by those who are aware of their existence. In this post, we’ll compare the different types of pygmy sunfish, and we’ll discuss the care, diet, and tank requirements for this genus of fish.
With over a decade of aquarium experience, Miles can be found writing about saltwater and freshwater aquariums. When he’s not writing about fish, you can find him going for a run or building websites, such as this one!Unfortunately, the species is nearly extinct and has been designated Critically Endangered by the IUCN . It’s believed that the cause of their near extinction is due to declining water quality and quantity. Due to their designation, hobbyists should wait until there is a healthy population size in the wild. Luckily, thanks to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, conservation efforts are underway, and many are now being kept in conservation fisheries.You can breed these fish directly in your display tank if they’re the only inhabitants, otherwise, you’ll want to transition these fish to a breeding tank so that you can properly raise the fry. Once a spawning site is chosen by the fish, the female will lay eggs which will then be guarded by the male. Once hatched, you can begin to feed the fry small bits of baby brine shrimp. The fry are extremely delicate and require pristine tank conditions. You’ll want to perform a 20% water change at least once a week. After a few weeks, you can begin to transition the pygmy sunfish fry to their adult diet.
Pygmy sunfish are sexually dimorphic fish, meaning there are differences in appearance between genders. Males will typically display iridescent blue markings, while females will display different shades of brown and beige throughout their bodies.Gravel-based substrates such as fluval’s stratum or bio-stratum work well, and while we recommend a heater for hobbyists interested in breeding these fish, it’s not a requirement for keeping any of the pygmy sunfish species. The breeding process for these fish is fairly straightforward. They’ll show breeding behavior after they’re a few months old and well-fed. You can encourage breeding by slowly increasing your tank temperature to about 77°F As you may have guessed, the species is named after the vertical blue bars that stretch across the body of the males. While there is some variation in color between individual fish, the body of the Bluebarred pygmy is typically a lighter gray compared to the Gulf Coast Pygmy.
What is the smallest aggressive fish?
Dwarf pea puffers With a name like “dwarf pea puffer,” you are probably not that intimidated, but these tiny fish have a reputation for being feisty and aggressive! Dwarf pea puffers are the smallest of pufferfish and only get to be about an inch (about the size of a gumball).
Lifespans are species-dependent. The Everglades Pygmy Sunfish typically averages a 1-year lifespan, while the Banded Pygmy averages a 3-year lifespan. The remaining species are typically somewhere in between.The species population has a vulnerable designation by the IUCN, but can still be found living in creeks and the wetlands of the Carolinas, where it survives primarily off of a diet consisting of micro crustaceans.However, their most interesting behavior is on full display when males are ready to spawn. These fish will flutter their tails and wiggle their bodies to attract a potential mate. Their ritualistic dance is unique to the genus, and it’s fascinating to watch in a home aquarium.
When it comes to filtration, any HOB (hang-on-back) or canister filter rated for your tank size should be all that’s needed. Avoid adding any additional powerheads, as these fish will prefer an area to rest that’s out of your tank’s current. It’s relatively easy to find a male/female pair since males will have the iridescent blue coloration with dark-colored bodies, while females will typically be beige and brown. Before you try and initiate the breeding process, you’ll need to find a male and female of the same species. The only exceptions are everglade pygmy sunfish and banded pygmy sunfish, which have successfully been crossbred.Their scientific genus name, Elassoma, is a combination of the Greek words elasson and soma, which translates to “small body”. A name that was given to the genus due to these sunfish being significantly smaller than the more well-known freshwater sunfish .