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Red Arrow Highway In Michigan

Woodward Avenue starts at an intersection with Jefferson Avenue next to Hart Plaza about 750 feet (230 m) from the Detroit River. The plaza is regarded as the birthplace of the Ford Motor Company, and it is located near Huntington Plaza and the Renaissance Center, headquarters for General Motors (GM). The first block of Woodward Avenue, between Jefferson Avenue and Larned Street, is a pedestrian plaza, the Spirit of Detroit Plaza, home of the namesake statue used to symbolize the city. Woodward Avenue runs north-northwesterly away from the river through the heart of downtown Detroit and the Financial District. Along the way, it passes several important and historic sites, including notable buildings like One Woodward Avenue, the Guardian Building, and The Qube. Further north, Woodward Avenue runs around Campus Martius Park and enters the Lower Woodward Avenue Historic District, a retail, commercial, and residential district listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). After that historic district, the avenue travels through the middle of Grand Circus Park; the northern edge of the park is bounded by Adams Avenue, where state maintenance begins.

North of I-94, Woodward passes through New Center; this district is home to Cadillac Place, the former headquarters of GM. The neighborhoods on either side of the highway transition in composition north of New Center; this area is mostly residential in nature. Between the intersections with Webb Street/Woodland Street and Tuxedo Street/Tennyson Street, Woodward Avenue leaves the city of Detroit for the first time and crosses into Highland Park, an enclave within Detroit. It is within Highland Park that M-1 intersects M-8, the Davison Freeway. Woodward passes over the Davison, which was the first urban, depressed freeway in the US, at an interchange south of Highland Park’s downtown business district. M-1 crosses that district and runs next to the historic Highland Park Ford Plant, home of the original moving assembly line used to produce Model Ts; opened in 1910, the plant’s assembly line dropped the time needed to build a car from 12 hours to 93 minutes and allowed Ford to meet demand for the car.
On August 27, 1863, the Detroit City Railway Company (DCRC) established streetcar service along Woodward from Jefferson to Adams avenues. The company was formed by investors from Syracuse, New York, earlier that year. Later, on September 18, 1886, a separate electrified line, the Highland Park Railway, was added that ran along Woodward Avenue through Highland Park. In mid-December 1893, the main streetcar line was electrified by the DCRC. In 1901, the various lines throughout the city were consolidated as the Detroit United Railway.The area around Woodward was once nicknamed “Piety Hill”. There are 22 churches on the NRHP along the street in Detroit and Highland Park. According to The Detroit News, the sounds of church bells and horse hooves were some of the most distinctive sounds on Sundays along Woodward Avenue in the early 20th century. The street was home to jazz clubs starting in the 1910s and 1920s, starting a period of transition. During the 1940s, ministers lobbied for a law to prevent the issuance of additional liquor licenses in their neighborhood; the law was later overturned in 1950. Nightclubs along Woodward hosted a burgeoning music scene in the early days of rock ‘n roll, and the area also had plenty of bars and burlesque shows as late as the 1970s. One local journalist called the mix of churches, clubs, and bars along Woodward Avenue “a precarious balance between the sacred and the profane”.The trunkline is the dividing line between Detroit’s East and West sides and connects to some of the city’s major freeways like Interstate 94 (I-94, Edsel Ford Freeway) and M-8 (Davison Freeway). Woodward Avenue exits Detroit at M-102 (8 Mile Road) and runs through the city’s northern suburbs in Oakland County on its way to Pontiac. In between, Woodward Avenue passes through several historic districts in Detroit and provides access to many businesses in the area. The name Woodward Avenue has become synonymous with Detroit, cruising culture and the automotive industry.

As well as music clubs, many of Detroit’s other major entertainment venues are located on or near Woodward in downtown Detroit, including the Fox Theatre, Majestic Theater, and the rest of the theater district, the second-largest in the country. During World War II, the area was likewise home to 24-hour movie theaters and bowling alleys. Curfews across the river in Windsor, Ontario, meant that many patrons during the war years were Canadian. They frequented the establishments along with the Americans, many of whom worked in the factories of the Detroit area. The theater district has undergone a renaissance after renovations and improvements during the 1980s and 1990s, leading to a resurgence in the performing arts in the city. In 2002, the Fox Theatre outsold the larger Radio City Music Hall in Manhattan, earning the “No. 1 theater in North America” title from Pollstar, an industry trade journal, and the district is considered the second largest in the country. An adjacent sports and entertainment district has been created near Woodward Avenue in the 21st century. “District Detroit” as it is called includes Comerica Park (2000), Ford Field (2002) and Little Caesars Arena (2017), which are the home venues for all four of Detroit’s professional sports teams. The district is the most compact collection in any American city, according to Patrick Rishe, the director of the Sports Business Program at Washington University in St. Louis.
The Woodward Dream Cruise takes place on Woodward Avenue between Pontiac and Ferndale during August of each year, evoking nostalgia of the 1950s and 1960s, when it was common for young drivers to cruise with their cars on Woodward Avenue. The event attracts huge crowds of classic car owners and admirers from around the world to the Metro Detroit area in celebration of Detroit’s automotive history; an estimated one million spectators attended the 2009 event. The cruise was founded in 1995 as a fundraiser for a soccer field in Ferndale. Neighboring cities joined in, and by 1997, auto manufacturers and other vendors had begun sponsoring the event.Young carriage drivers raced one another along Woodward Avenue after the roadway was converted from logs to planks in 1848. They placed bets on each other’s carriages while racing from tavern to tavern. By 1958, the roadway was used for unofficial street racing with cars. The wide width, median and sections lacking a large commercial presence attracted a reputation for the competition. The numerous drive-ins, each with its dedicated local teenaged clientele, were also popular. Woodward had numerous car dealerships and automobile accessory shops in the age of the muscle car which completed the formula for young adults to “cruise”, race and hang out along the road.

M-1 crosses back into Detroit at the intersection with McNichols Road; the latter street occupies the 6 Mile location in Detroit’s Mile Road System. North of this intersection, Woodward Avenue widens into a boulevard, a divided street with a median; left turns along this section of roadway are made by performing a Michigan left maneuver using the U-turn crossovers in the median. Between McNichols and 7 Mile Road, Woodward Avenue travels to the east of the Detroit Golf Club in the Palmer Park area. North of 7 Mile, the highway runs to the west of the Michigan State Fairgrounds and to the east of the Palmer Woods Historic District. The northern edge of the fairgrounds is at M-102 (8 Mile Road), which is also where Woodward Avenue exits Detroit for the second time; the two boulevards cross in a large interchange.
M-1, commonly known as Woodward Avenue, is a north–south state trunkline highway in the Metro Detroit area of the US state of Michigan. The highway, called “Detroit’s Main Street”, runs from Detroit north-northwesterly to Pontiac. It is one of the five principal avenues of Detroit, along with Michigan, Grand River, Gratiot, and Jefferson avenues. These streets were platted in 1805 by Judge Augustus B. Woodward, namesake to Woodward Avenue. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has listed the highway as the Automotive Heritage Trail, an All-American Road in the National Scenic Byways Program. It has also been designated a Pure Michigan Byway by the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT), and was also included in the MotorCities National Heritage Area designated by the US Congress in 1998.In the early 1980s, M-1 was truncated in downtown Detroit, as the Woodward Mall was designated in the area around Cadillac Square. At the end of 2000, MDOT proposed several highway transfers in Detroit. Some of these involved transferring city streets in the Campus Martius Park area under the department’s jurisdiction to city control; another part of the proposal involved MDOT assuming control over a section of Woodward Avenue from Adams Avenue south to Grand River Avenue. These transfers were completed the following year. In 2004, the southern terminus was moved north three blocks to Adams Avenue. A massive address renumbering project ensued along Woodward Avenue in 1997, creating a consistent numbering system from downtown Detroit to Pontiac. Previously, each city along the route had its own address system. In June 2017, the southernmost block of Woodward Avenue south of Larned Street closed to automobiles to create a temporary pedestrian plaza. This closure was made permanent the following November.

Why are the Red Arrows famous?
The Red Arrows are famous for their vibrant vapour trails – often known as the smoke. They are a crucial element of the team’s displays, primarily for flight safety.
A bypass of downtown Birmingham opened in 1939, drawing through traffic away from the busy Woodward Avenue–Maple Road intersection. The bypass was originally named Hunter Boulevard. On September 6, 1997, Birmingham renamed the bypass to Woodward Avenue, with the previous alignment of Woodward signed as Old Woodward Avenue.The first automobile in Detroit was driven by Charles Brady King along Woodward Avenue on March 3, 1896, a few weeks before Henry Ford drove his first car in the city. In 1909, the first mile (1.6 km) of concrete roadway in the country was paved between 6 and 7 Mile roads at a cost of $14,000 (equivalent to $305,000 in 2021).

Like other state highways in Michigan, the section of Woodward Avenue designated M-1 is maintained by MDOT. In 2011, the department’s traffic surveys showed that on average, 64,713 vehicles used the highway daily north of 11 Mile Road and 17,345 vehicles did so each day in Highland Park, the highest and lowest counts along the highway, respectively. All of M-1 north of I-75 is listed on the National Highway System, a network of roads important to the country’s economy, defense, and mobility. As well as the sections of Woodward Avenue in Pontiac that are part of Business Loop I-75 (BL I-75) and Business US 24 (Bus. US 24), all of M-1 is a Pure Michigan Byway and an All-American Road. Woodward Avenue is considered to be the divider between the East and West sides of the city of Detroit.

Detroit took control of the Detroit Unified Railway on May 15, 1922; afterwards, the streetcar system became the city’s Department of Street Railways. Following the change in control, the city also formed the Detroit Rapid Transit Commission to build a subway system. Early proposals included a station under Woodward Avenue next to Detroit City Hall. In 1926, a four-line system encompassing 47 miles (76 km) of lines was proposed at a cost of $280 million (equivalent to $3.47 billion in 2021). By 1929, plans were scaled back further in the face of tough local economic conditions; the plan submitted to voters included one line of 13.3 miles (21.4 km) that interconnected with the city’s streetcar system by way of two 2.5-mile-long (4.0 km) streetcar tunnels. The bond proposal failed by a 2.5:1 margin that year, killing any proposal for a city subway system in Detroit.
Legal disputes over a plan to widen Woodward Avenue dating back to 1874 were resolved in 1932. Permission was needed from a majority of the landowners along Woodward Avenue to finalize the deal. John W. Chandler, general manager of the Woodward Avenue Improvement Association, pledged not to shave his face until he had the necessary permissions in hand. This resolution allowed Woodward to be widened from 66 to 120 feet (20 to 37 m). Several buildings were removed to clear the wider street path, and St. John’s Episcopal Church was moved 60 feet (18 m) to avoid demolition. Work started in 1933 and cost $7.5 million (equivalent to $127 million in 2021) to complete. In the first decade of the 21st century, local business and government officials proposed two projects to add modern streetcars to M-1, an approximately nine-mile-long (14 km) line from the transit center at Michigan Avenue north to the state fairgrounds, or a 3.4-mile (5.5 km) line in the downtown area only. Suggestions to unify the two plans were made in late 2008, and the Detroit City Council approved the sale of $125 million in bonds on April 11, 2011, for the longer system. Through various approvals in 2011, and subsequent changes including a bus rapid transit system with a dedicated Woodward Avenue bus lane, private investors who supported the shorter three-mile line to New Center continued developing that project. In October 1969, AASHO approved a realignment of US 10 in the Detroit area; the next year the designation was rerouted to follow the Lodge Freeway (what is now M-10) and the portion of Jefferson Avenue between the Lodge Freeway and Randolph Street (then US 25, now M-3). The M-1 designation was applied to the section of Woodward Avenue from Jefferson Avenue in downtown Detroit to Square Lake Road along the southern border of Pontiac. Woodward north of Square Lake Road was designated as a business route of both US 10 and I-75. When US 10 was truncated to Bay City in 1986, the Bus. US 10 portion of Woodward became Bus. US 24.

Since 1924, Woodward Avenue has hosted America’s Thanksgiving Parade, the second oldest Thanksgiving Day parade in the United States. In 1925, the intersection between Woodward Avenue and State Street was busier than Times Square. On November 11, 1926, the United States Numbered Highway System was approved by the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO); the M-10 designation along Woodward was replaced with US 10, a moniker that ran from Detroit to Seattle, Washington.
Crossing the border into the suburb of Ferndale in Oakland County, the highway runs through residential neighborhoods but is lined with adjacent businesses. The intersection with 9 Mile Road marks the suburb’s downtown area. Further north in Pleasant Ridge, the north-northwesterly path of Woodward Avenue changes as the road turns to the northwest. After the curve, M-1 meets I-696 (Reuther Freeway); immediately north of this interchange in Huntington Woods is the Detroit Zoo. North of 11 Mile Road, Woodward Avenue forms the border between Berkley to the west and Royal Oak to the east. The highway passes the Roseland Park Cemetery north of 12 Mile Road before crossing fully into Royal Oak. Near 13 Mile Road, the trunkline passes through a commercial district anchored by a shopping center and Beaumont Hospital. North of 14 Mile Road in Birmingham, M-1 and Woodward Avenue leaves the original route, which is named Old Woodward Avenue, and runs to the east of it to bypass that suburb’s downtown area. The highway crosses the River Rouge and returns to its original routing north of Maple (15 Mile) Road.The streetcar system, like those in other cities across the US, fell into decline after World War II. Unlike the streetcar conspiracy alleged in other cities, the decline of Detroit’s publicly owned system was related to a multitude of different factors. Increased spending on roads benefitted competing bus lines, and zoning changes coupled with freeway construction shifted the city’s population to areas away from the older streetcar lines. During the early 1950s, several lines were converted to buses after labor strikes, and other lines were eliminated completely. On April 8, 1956, a parade was held when the last streetcars stopped running along Woodward Avenue and in Detroit; the remaining cars were sent to Mexico City.

As well as the custom signage, WA3 has received FHWA grant funding to erect a series of lighted “tributes”: solar-powered, lighted pillars that contain artwork related to the roadway. The $150,000 glass and concrete sculptures are being placed in the median along Woodward Avenue to serve as landmarks along the route of the roadway and to brand it for tourists. A total of 10 to 12 installations are planned for the length of the highway in Wayne and Oakland counties. The art project received a 2011 National Scenic Byway Award for the Byways interpretation category.

In 1701, the first transportation routes through what became the state of Michigan were the lakes, rivers and Indian trails. One of these, the Saginaw Trail, followed what is now Woodward Avenue from the Detroit area north to Saginaw, where it connected with the Mackinaw Trail north to the Straits of Mackinac. The Town of Detroit created 120-foot-wide (37 m) rights-of-way for the principal streets of the city in 1805. This street plan was devised by Augustus Woodward and others following a devastating fire in Detroit, with a mandate from the territorial governor to improve on the previous plan. Two of these principal streets were established by the territorial government on September 18, 1805, as “permanent public roads, avenues or highways”, one of which was to run along the modern routing of Woodward Avenue. The wide avenues, in emulation of the street plan for Washington, DC, were intended to make Detroit look like the “Paris of the West”.
North of Birmingham, Woodward crosses through part of Bloomfield Township for the first time before entering Bloomfield Hills. That suburb’s downtown is centered on the intersection with Long Lake Road; Woodward passes between a pair of golf courses north of there. The highway enters the south side of Pontiac’s residential neighborhoods after crossing back into Bloomfield Township. At the intersection with Square Lake Road, M-1 terminates. Woodward Avenue continues northwesterly into Pontiac carrying the BL I-75 and Bus. US 24 designations; it terminates after the two directions of the boulevard diverge and form a one-way loop around the city’s business district.

On May 13, 1913, the Legislature created the state’s highway system; Woodward Avenue was included as part of “Division 2”. The full length was paved in 1916. The first crow’s nest traffic tower in the US was installed at the intersection of Woodward and Michigan avenues on October 9, 1917; the tower elevated a police officer above the center of the intersection to direct traffic before the structure was replaced in October 1920 with the world’s first four-way traffic light. The state signposted its highways in 1919, and Woodward Avenue was assigned the M-10 designation. The same year, two auto trail designations were applied to the avenue. The Theodore Roosevelt International Highway was created in February 1919, running from Detroit northward along Woodward Avenue. Later that year, the Dixie Highway was extended through Detroit to the Straits of Mackinac, following the route of the old Saginaw Trail northward along Woodward Avenue.Augustus Woodward was a judge in the Michigan Territory appointed by his friend, President Thomas Jefferson. He was also a colonel in the territorial militia and a president of one of Detroit’s first banks. Woodward named the street for himself, responding whimsically to the resulting criticism: “Not so. The avenue is named Woodward because it runs wood-ward, toward the woods.” Other proposals for names included Court House Street or Market Street. For a time, one section was named Congress Street, Witherell Street, Saginaw Road or Saginaw Turnpike, with another section dubbed Pontiac Road. Unlike these other monikers, the avenue retained the judge’s name.On July 28, 2014, construction started for a streetcar line to stretch from downtown Detroit to Grand Boulevard in New Center. The line was to have 20 different stations serving 12 stops, with most of the stations curbside on either side of Woodward Avenue going uptown or downtown. The line will have center road stations at the north and south ends of the system. Named QLine in 2016, the system opened in May 2017. The last car of Detroit’s previous streetcar system was numbered 286, so the planners numbered the cars for the new line 287–292 to pick up where the old number series had left off.The Woodward Avenue Action Association (WA3), the local agency that acts as the stewards and advocates for the All-American Road and Pure Michigan Byway designations as well as adjacent historical sites, obtained a grant for $45,000 (equivalent to $54,000 in 2021) from the FHWA in 2011 to install a set of 50 custom road signs along M-1 between Detroit and Pontiac. WA3 sells replicas of these signs to discourage theft. Profits are also being used along with money from clothing and other merchandise to support the Woodward Avenue Beautification Fund, a special endowment created in 2010 to aid the 11 communities along the highway with maintenance and to defray costs associated with special events on the avenue.

Detroit was incorporated in 1815, and the initial roadway to connect Detroit north to Pontiac along the Saginaw Trail was started in 1817; this was a corduroy road built by laying down logs and filling in the gaps with clay or sand. The territorial legislature authorized a survey of the roadway to Pontiac on December 7, 1818, and the route was approved by Governor Lewis Cass on December 15, 1819, the first to be done in the future state. The Michigan Legislature authorized the construction of a private plank road with tolls to connect Detroit with Pontiac in 1848. By the next year, 16-foot-wide (4.9 m) and 3-inch-thick (7.6 cm) oak planks were laid along the road between the two communities. Tolls were one cent per mile (0.62 ¢/km) for vehicles and two cents per mile (1.2 ¢/km) for a herd of cattle. Tolls along some segments of Woodward Avenue remained in place as late as 1908.
Woodward Avenue’s connection to Detroit’s automobile culture dates to the early 20th century. Around 100 automobile companies were founded along the roadway. Henry Ford developed and first produced the Model T in 1907–08 at his Piquette Avenue Plant to the east of Woodward Avenue. The first 12,000 Model Ts were built there, before Ford moved production of his cars to the Highland Park plant adjacent to Woodward Avenue in 1910. Employees at the plant used the streetcar system along Woodward to get to work; these lines also provided transportation options to assembly plant workers affected by gas rationing during World War II. During the 1950s and 1960s, automobile engineers street tested their cars along Woodward Avenue between 8 Mile and Square Lake roads; the roadway was the only such location where this activity was practiced.Many historical sites are located along Woodward Avenue, which was included in the MotorCities National Heritage Area when it was created on November 6, 1998. The road was designated what is now called a Pure Michigan Byway by MDOT in 1999, and a National Scenic Byway by the FHWA National Scenic Byways Program on June 13, 2002, the only urban road at the time with that classification. It was later upgraded to All-American Road status on October 16, 2009; such roads have highly unique features and are significant enough to be tourist destinations unto themselves. In announcing the byway status in 2002, Norman Mineta, then United States Secretary of Transportation, said that “Woodward Avenue put the world on wheels, and America’s automobile heritage is represented along this corridor.”North of Adams Avenue, Woodward Avenue is a state trunkline designated M-1. The highway crosses to the west of Comerica Park and Ford Field, home of Major League Baseball’s Detroit Tigers and the National Football League’s Detroit Lions, respectively. Woodward passes the historic Fox Theatre before it crosses over I-75 (Fisher Freeway) without an interchange; access between the two highways is through the service drives that connect to adjacent interchanges. North of the freeway, M-1 passes Little Caesars Arena, home of the National Hockey League’s Detroit Red Wings and the National Basketball Association’s Detroit Pistons. A six-lane street, the highway travels through mixed residential and commercial areas of Midtown including the Midtown Woodward Historic District, another district listed on the NRHP. South of I-94, Woodward heads through the Cultural Center Historic District, which includes the campus of Wayne State University, the Detroit Public Library, and the Detroit Institute of Arts; the institute and the nearby Detroit Historical Museum showcase the city’s automotive history.Woodward Avenue was created after the Detroit Fire of 1805. The thoroughfare followed the route of the Saginaw Trail, an Indian trail that linked Detroit with Pontiac, Flint, and Saginaw. The Saginaw Trail connected to the Mackinaw Trail, which ran north to the Straits of Mackinac at the tip of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. In the age of the auto trails, Woodward Avenue was part of the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway that connected Portland, Maine, with Portland, Oregon, through Ontario in Canada. It was also part of the Dixie Highway, which connected Michigan with Florida. Woodward Avenue was the location of the first mile (1.6 km) of concrete-paved roadway in the country. When Michigan created the State Trunkline Highway System in 1913, the roadway was included, numbered as part of M-10 in 1919. Later, it was part of US Highway 10 (US 10) following the creation of the United States Numbered Highway System. Since 1970, it has borne the M-1 designation. The roadway carried streetcar lines from the 1860s until the 1950s; a new streetcar line known as the QLine opened along part of M-1 in 2017. For 2018, the Red Arrows spearheaded celebrations marking the Royal Air Force’s centenary – including providing the colourful finale to a flypast of more than 100 aircraft over central London in July of that year. In 2019, the team carried out its largest-ever tour of North America, spanning 11 weeks, with award-winning, coast-to-coast performances that reached hundreds of millions of people and supported a range of UK businesses, trade and interests.The latter are known as ‘The Blues’ because they wear distinctive royal blue flying suits during the display season. The Blues represent several of the Royal Air Force’s broad range of professions. Every team member has undergone intensive training in their particular specialisation throughout their Royal Air Force career.

A decade later, the Red Arrows performed another series of flypasts over the capital, for the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee, the 2012 Olympic Games Opening Ceremony – seen by a global television audience in excess of one billion people – and the Athlete’s Parade.Up to three new pilots are chosen each year to replace the three that have finished their tour. The Team Leader must have completed a three-year tour as a team pilot earlier in their career and is appointed in a separate selection process.

In the first season of 1965, the team – flying seven aircraft in a display and based at RAF Fairford – performed 65 shows. A media event at RAF Little Rissington on May 6 was the team’s first official display, with the first public performance in the UK on May 15 at Biggin Hill Air Fair. The team permanently increased to nine display aircraft in 1968 and the Diamond Nine became the Red Arrows’ trademark formation.The Red Arrows have a dedicated dye team who ensure the aircraft are replenished with the correct amount of diesel and dye. These engineers travel all over the country, working within tight timescales to ensure that when Red 1 makes the call it is “Smoke on, Go!” The Red Arrows’ engineering technicians and support staff are headed by a Senior Engineering Officer who, along with a management team of two Flight Lieutenants, a Warrant Officer and a Flight Sergeant, is responsible for ensuring the correct number of aircraft are available for the pilots during both the display and training seasons and that the jets undergo the appropriate servicing and maintenance. They coordinate engineering standards and safety plus the welfare of the Red Arrows’ engineering team. The Gnat, which had flown 1,292 displays, was replaced by the BAE Systems Hawk, a modified version of the RAF’s fast jet and weapons trainer, for the 1980 season. Also that year, permission was given for the team to have the motto Eclat – meaning excellence.

The Red Arrows have 14 avionics technicians who are responsible for all the electrical and avionics systems on the aircraft. They maintain equipment ranging from emergency compasses to complex engine control circuits, as well as introducing upgrades such as new radio systems and engine performance monitoring equipment.

What is the famous highway by Detroit?
M-1, commonly known as Woodward Avenue, is a north–south state trunkline highway in the Metro Detroit area of the US state of Michigan. The highway, called “Detroit’s Main Street”, runs from Detroit north-northwesterly to Pontiac.
The Red Arrows are famous for their vibrant vapour trails – often known as the smoke. They are a crucial element of the team’s displays, primarily for flight safety. The vapour trails allow Red 1 to judge wind speed and direction, and allow the aircraft to locate each other in the second half of the show when different sections of the formation are frequently several miles apart. The vivid and colourful smoke trails also enhance the visual impact of the display when viewed from the ground. Well known manoeuvres such as the heart, rollbacks and carousel would just not be the same without it.Responsibility for ensuring spare parts get to the Red Arrows wherever they are operating throughout the world falls upon the five-strong supply team. They also ensure that the team’s transport, whether it is an RAF Airbus A400M Atlas aircraft or an articulated lorry, are correctly loaded. All of the thousands of pieces of equipment that help the Red Arrows work smoothly – everything from nuts and bolts to aircraft engines – are purchased, stored, managed and distributed by the suppliers.

The unique experience of flying regularly in a fast-jet means that these are some of the most sought-after engineering and technical jobs in the Royal Air Force.
In 2014, the 50th display season was marked as a major milestone with a series of celebrations throughout the year. The Red Arrows were the main feature and theme of the year’s airshows. There were also television and radio documentaries, magazines produced and even a high speed train named after the team.They fly in the passenger seat of the Hawk to and from display airfields and service the aircraft before and after every display when operating away from the team’s home base. Once the display season is over, they return to their normal team duties.

How fast is a red arrow?
645 mph The Red Arrows version of the aircraft is powered by a single Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour Mk 861 turbofan which produces 5,200 pounds of thrust. This enables the Hawk to travel at an impressive maximum speed of 645 mph, and whilst diving, the Hawk can reach a top speed of Mach 1.2.
A move to a new Lincolnshire home – RAF Waddington – came in late-2022, with the team leaving its celebrated home of RAF Scampton after a near 40-year presence there.Once they have finished their tour with the team – usually three years in total – they will return to operational, training, staff duties or other roles in the Royal Air Force. Engineering Support Flight (ESF) is responsible for maintaining quality assurance, standards, support, records and training. The section has a mixture of regular and reserve personnel of various ranks. Support and training is pinnacle within the Red Arrows, ensuring safety and compliance in the air and on the ground, regardless of trade or rank. The 4,500th Red Arrows display took place at the RAF Waddington International Air Show in July 2013 – in the team’s 49th season and the year concluded with a highly-successful tour of the Middle East.

A shortlist of up to nine applicants are examined during a thorough selection week, and are put through a gruelling flying test, formal interview, media test and peer assessments.
Mechanical technicians make up two thirds of the Red Arrows’ engineering team and are responsible for the maintenance and rectification of the Team’s BAE Systems Hawk T1 aircraft. The mechanics look after the complete range of mechanical components and structure of the aircraft including the engines, gearboxes, flying controls, landing gear, hydraulics, air conditioning, anti-icing and fuel systems – everything from the smallest nut and bolt to the wings.The smallest of the Red Arrows’ three engineering trades, the weapons technicians are responsible for the maintenance and control of the explosive components and survival equipment fitted to the Hawk aircraft. The team work on the aircraft’s ejection seats, explosive canopies and fire suppression and emergency systems.

The team has three Survival Equipment Technicians who maintain all elements of the pilots’ safety kit. This specialist equipment includes helmets, anti-G trousers, life rafts, oxygen masks and parachutes.
This team is made up of a Team Manager, a Public Relations Manager, Aircrew Planning Officer, Operations Officers, Engineering Officers, an Adjutant and approximately 85 engineering technicians and other support staff.

In September 2016, after a busy domestic season, the team embarked on its biggest overseas tour in a decade. The nine-week deployment to the Asia-Pacific and Middle East regions covered 20,000 miles. The tour took the Red Arrows to 17 countries – including visiting China for the first time in the Squadron’s history. It is estimated the team’s activities were seen by a global audience, in person or through media channels, of up to one billion people. The deployment contributed to the Government’s GREAT campaign, supporting UK interests across business, trade and education and promoting the best of British innovation, technology and creativity.
RAF Scampton – the Lincolnshire station famous for its role in the 1943 Dambusters raid – became the team’s new home in 1983, moving from RAF Kemble – its base since 1966. The Red Arrows temporarily relocated to RAF College Cranwell, also in Lincolnshire, between 1995 and 2000.

What is the longest drive in Michigan?
The longest highway in Michigan is I-75, which runs 395 miles from the Ohio border to the International Bridge in Sault Ste. Marie.
The Red Arrows have eight drivers who are responsible for a fleet of 18 vehicles, from 38-tonne trucks to Land Rovers. A vital part of the team, they ensure all the equipment and personnel reaches the right place as well as ensuring the aircraft are refuelled and replenished with the diesel needed for the smoke systems.Since flying the first time in 1965, the Royal Air Force Aerobatic Team has performed more than 4,900 times across the globe. The Red Arrows are lucky to have both a wonderful history and the support and interest of millions of well-wishers.

For the 2015 season, instead of returning to the traditional three-stripe tailfin livery used since the 1960s, a fresh new paint scheme was revealed on the jets during a live television broadcast from RAF Scampton. This Union flag-inspired design features flowing red, white and blue lines and emphasises the Red Arrows’ role as national ambassadors for the United Kingdom.It was in 1964 when the Royal Air Force amalgamated its display teams into one, premier unit – the Red Arrows. The name was taken from the Black Arrows team and the colour scheme as a tribute to the Red Pelicans, while the aircraft chosen to be flown, the Gnat, had been used by the Yellowjacks.A special, one-off, tailfin was revealed on the team to recognise the anniversary season, with the design incorporating both a Gnat and Hawk jet outline to reflect the two types of aircraft flown by the team in its history.

How did the Red Arrow Highway in Michigan get its name?
In the early 1950s, a proposal was floated to name this “main street of Michigan” to honor soldiers from World War I, the Red Arrow Division, officially the 32nd Infantry, made up of National Guard members from Michigan and Wisconsin.
The teamwork shown by the pilots in the air is reflected in the dedication and professionalism of the support staff on the ground. The support team’s success results from their Royal Air Force training, the pride they take in their work, and their determination, motivation, and, very often, sheer hard work. Without them, the Red Arrows could not function.Without one of the team’s photographers, the Red Arrows would not be able to display. There are three in the team. Their role is crucial for safety and training purposes and one of the three-strong section videos every manoeuvre of the display from the ground – both during winter training and the summer season. They also take still images for the team, capturing pictures of the jets in action around the world, in the air and on the ground.

The team represents the speed, agility and precision of the RAF, assists in recruiting to the Armed Forces and act as ambassadors for the UK at home and overseas.
The Red Arrows aerobatic displays have become an annual tradition during the summer where they tour various parts of the UK, including villages, towns and coastal locations.I am a search and trends reporter for the Yorkshire Post with a view to find the most engaging, trending stories. Topics include (but are not limited to): Heritage, events, TV/celebrity, property, business, human interest, transport and weather.

What number is Red Arrow Highway?
The soldiers who composed the division were drawn from the Michigan and Wisconsin National Guards. After other proposals failed, US 12 was named the Red Arrow Highway on August 30, 1952, and dedicated on March 22, 1953. Cached
Your suggestions for stories and topics you would like me to cover are always welcome, so please feel free to get in touch with me if you have a story you’d like me to share.Outside of work, I enjoy socialising with family and friends, since the pandemic I’ve dabbled in baking and discovered my love for it – though I won’t be going on the Bake Off anytime soon, listening to music (the 80s-00s eras), swimming and watching TV.

Between October 1995 and February 1996, the Red Arrows team toured internationally and performed to nearly a million people in Sydney on Australia Day.
Did you know with a Digital subscription to Yorkshire Post, you can get access to all of our premium content, as well as benefiting from fewer ads, loyalty rewards and much more.The display team is based at RAF Scampton. Their badge logo shows the aircraft in their trademark diamond nine formation, with the word Eclat, which means ‘brilliance’ or ‘excellence’ in French.

I have been working in journalism since 2016 after studying my postgraduate degree at the University of Sheffield; I was a reporter for an insurance/finance magazine in London before moving to Birmingham in 2017, where I worked as a features reporter for a press agency and was later promoted to assistant features editor. For a year in 2020 I worked freelance for various local online news websites and national titles including OK! Magazine and in July 2021 I started my job here at the Yorkshire Post.I’ve lived and worked in various cities across the country, but to me, nowhere is comparable to Yorkshire. My passion and love for the region is my main drive to help find the stories that matter most to you. The digitalisation of journalism really expands the boundaries for finding and sharing stories – this really helps to raise the region’s profile further afield. It has also given me endless opportunities when it comes to subjects I cover.His primary responsibility involves overseeing all aspects of the display, from running the training programme to choreographing the show. He leads the nine-aircraft aerobatic display.

RAF Scampton, which is the team famous for its role in the 1943 Dambusters raid, became the team’s new base in 1983, moving from RAF Kemble (which was its base since 1966).
The RAF amalgamated its first display teams into one main unit – the Red Arrows – in 1964. The name was borrowed from the Black Arrows team and the colour theme was a tribute to the Red Pelicans.In the early 1950s, a proposal was floated to name this “main street of Michigan” to honor soldiers from World War I, the Red Arrow Division, officially the 32nd Infantry, made up of National Guard members from Michigan and Wisconsin. Only Berrien and Van Buren counties took up the Red Arrow moniker which is why the roadway changes names at the Kalamazoo County line to Stadium Drive.

The road runs between New Buffalo and Kalamazoo, mostly bypassed nowadays by travelers on Interstate 94. Ever wonder about its history and how it got its name?
Today Red Arrow Highway runs from New Buffalo to Mattawan at the Kalamazoo/Van Buren county line. It is now a discontinuous route with a chunk closed to traffic in Benton Harbor after an expansion project at the Southwest Michigan Regional airport closed Red Arrow at Crystal Avenue.

Red Arrow takes on a few different names in the communities it passes through: Lakeshore Drive in St Joseph; in Coloma, Watervliet and Lawrence it’s St Joseph Street; Main Street in Hartford and Michigan Avenue in Paw Paw.
Michigan’s Red Arrow Highway is not the only one that honors the World War II 32nd Infantry. Wisconsin’s State Route 32 bears two tiny red arrows on every guide sign along that highway’s 325 mile run across the Badger State.The path dates back to the earliest trails in Michigan, the St Joseph Trail, a trace from Lake Michigan to Detroit roughly parallel to the Territorial Road. With the advent of the US Highway system, US 12 was the number given to the roadway from New Buffalo to Detroit via St Joseph, Kalamazoo, Battle Creek, Albion and Jackson.

What is the oldest road in Michigan?
Pontiac Road The first surveyed road in Michigan was Pontiac Road (now called M-1 or Woodward Avenue) connecting Detroit and Pontiac in 1819.
I cant get enough Vulfpeck. please please come to Brisbane Australia. I love playing my funky bass lines along with you guys. Uncle Daddy Who Smells Like Pot

Everytime I hear this album I groove like a tiny dancing Pomeranian getting a haircut. Anyone that hears this will definitely get blessed and funkified from the great Vulf. musicandmyth
Celtic-inspired instrumentation, delicate harmonies, and reflective lyrics abound on the sisterly indie-folk duo’s debut album. Bandcamp New & Notable Apr 26, 2023

“Write The Soil Lighter” is full of beguilingly mysterious folk-adjacent music, shrouded in shadow and atmospherics. Bandcamp New & Notable Apr 30, 2023
The Friends of Berrien County Trails board members, Gary Wood and John Chipman, were instrumental in setting the vision for this project. The Friends of Berrien County Trails will support efforts to continue the linear park pathway to the south to New Buffalo and to the north to Bridgman and beyond.Berrien County has received a USDA Rural Business Development Grant to fund the engineering of the linear park path from US12 to just south of Bridgman (excluding the 1.3 mile Union Pier and 1.5 mile section from Lakshore Drive to Harbert Community Park which is already built). In late 2022, CMAQ funds were approved for paving the trail from Harbert Community Park to Sawyer Road. Berrien County Road Department with assistance from Southwest Michigan Planning Commission has submitted an application to extend the shared use path from Union Pier (at Community Hall Road) to the light at US12. In addition, local partners are working with the MDNR to extend the trail through Warren Dunes State Park to Floral Lane.

The Berrien County Road Department and Chikaming and New Buffalo Townships have completed three phases of the Red Arrow Highway Linear Park! On May 28, 2021, a ribbon cutting ceremony was held in Union Pier to celebrate. The lane reduction of Red Arrow Highway from four to three lanes created room for a streetscape and linear path in Union Pier. Pedestrian safety is greatly improved for those visiting this bustling little town for shopping, eating and heading to the beach. There are also 1.5 miles of trail from Lakeshore Drive to Harbert Community Park in Chikaming Township. The Red Arrow Highway Bridge is now privately owned by Don Schultz who has done some work on the bridge, most notably the 4 ft tall posts with the shards of rock embedded in the cement. The bridge itself is 28 feet long and spans Blue Creek. In 1922 the road was realigned and the bridge was bypassed. In 1993, the 1922 bridge was replaced with the current span at a cost of about $300,000.00.

As a side note, the Red Arrow Highway was originally known as US 12 which was established in 1926. In 1952, US 12 was dedicated to the 32nd Infantry Division. The division used a red arrow as its insignia to symbolize how they pierced the German Hindenburg Line during World War I and Japanese defenses during World War II. The soldiers who composed the division were drawn from the Michigan and Wisconsin National Guards. After other proposals failed, US 12 was named the Red Arrow Highway on August 30, 1952, and dedicated on March 22, 1953.

The Red Arrow Highway Bridge has an interesting history, although I was unable to find out the entire story on the bridge. To begin with I’m not sure when the bridge was built but information indicates it was sometime in the early 1900s. Looking at this map from 1887 it appears that as the road headed west, shortly after crossing the bridge it made a hard left hand turn and then a 90º right hand turn taking the road back to it’s previous trajectory heading southwest.

The Red Arrow Highway name applies to highways named for the 32nd Infantry Division of the United States Army that used a red arrow as its insignia. These highways include:
Whilst originally piloting seven Folland Gnat planes, the Red Arrows switched to the BAE Hawk in 1979, a modified version of the RAF’s fast jet and weapons trainer craft. The Hawk T1 is a two-seater jet used for pilot training. The Red Arrows version of the aircraft is powered by a single Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour Mk 861 turbofan which produces 5,200 pounds of thrust. This enables the Hawk to travel at an impressive maximum speed of 645 mph, and whilst diving, the Hawk can reach a top speed of Mach 1.2.On the global stage, the Red Arrows provide a benchmark for aerobatics displays, demanding 1,500 hours of flight time and a stellar rating before even accepting an application to the team. Every year over 40 pilots apply for just three spaces in the team, whose membership lasts three years. Of those 40 applicants only nine will be invited to train in Cyprus, at the Red Arrow training facility.Formed in 1965, the Red Arrows were originally different display teams (The Red Pelicans and The Black Arrows) combined into one, bringing the best parts of each: aerial prowess, technical ability, and world-class showmanship.Despite making its debut more than 40 years ago, upgraded versions of the Hawk have continued to dominated international markets as a fast jet trainer and light combat fighter. Currently, around 40% of a new Hawk is manufactured at the company’s site at Brough, East Yorkshire, and the rest at Warton and Samlesbury in Lancashire. The total cost of just one plane is around £5 million. On top of that, the Red Arrows cost around £6 million to run and maintain annually, with a ground crew of 85 people. A key difference in the build of a Red Arrow jet compared to other planes is the auxiliary tank, which contains both diesel fuel and coloured dyes. The red and blue dyes are held in separate compartments, so can be selected to be fed through the system and out the rear exhaust to create the smoke trail left by the plane.The world-famous Red Arrows are a uniquely British institution, seen and enjoyed by millions of people, and a symbol of Aerospace & Aviation excellence in both technical skills and aerobatic mastery. MDOT’s Highway Programs focus on the development and management of the department’s roadsides, environmental efforts and policies, and federal-aid highway information. Public participation is integral to efficient, effective and responsive transportation decisions. At MDOT, we want to ensure your voice is not only heard, but makes a difference in moving Michigan forward.Our goal is to keep Michigan’s motorists safe, informed, and mobile. That is why MDOT offers many ways to help ease the stress of commuting by providing information that commuters want and need as they make daily travel decisions.

How long is Red Arrow Highway in Michigan?
Red Arrow Highway extends for approximately 21 miles between New Buffalo and St. Joseph. This gorgeous route takes drivers along the stunning coast of Lake Michigan and provides loads of natural wonder to appreciate in any season, though it’s especially beautiful during the fall and summer months. Cached
MDOT’s commissions, councils, task forces, and partnerships are responsible for establishing policies, supervising programs, overseeing state and federal funds, providing recommendations and advisement, and acting as a resource.MDOT provides funding for competitive grant and loan programs primarily, but not exclusively, for state and local road agencies for the greatest impact on economic development and job creation. The HBCU TDRP is a unique partnership between MDOT and Michigan colleges and universities to offer on-the-job training to undergraduate students pursuing degrees in engineering or transportation-related careers. The Bureau of Bridges and Structures is responsible for statewide policy, procedure development, and execution to ensure all bridges and structures are designed, constructed, maintained, and operated to ensure safety.Research Administration supports and promotes innovative research that encourages safe, sustainable and cost-effective transportation solutions throughout Michigan.

What is the history of the Red Arrow Highway in Michigan?
Following World War II, a plan was devised to designate U.S.-12 through southern Michigan, and U.S-32 in Wisconsin the “Red Arrow Highway” in honor and memory of the sacrifices made by “our boys” of the 32nd Division. Cached
Did you know that millions of people visit the Great Lakes State every year? Whether you are from out of state or right here in Michigan, we want to ensure your travel throughout Michigan is informative, comfortable, and fun.Transportation System Performance allows MDOT’s regions and engineers to expand their knowledge on how Michigan freeways are operating over time and how they compare to each other. Engineering Week videos and lesson plans are all-inclusive resources to show early elementary to high school students the career of civil engineering at MDOT. MDOT’s Engineer Development Program (EDP) is a rotational program that provides new engineers experience in multiple work areas while being assigned a senior-level mentor.MDOT has seven region offices and several geographically located Transportation Service Centers (TSCs) in each region that handle transportation-related construction and maintenance programs. The TSCs are designed to respond to the transportation needs of local communities for the highest level customer service.

The Internship Program offers undergraduate and graduate students interested in civil engineering and construction management careers, valuable experience by working with professional field staff.
The Bureau of Transportation Planning develops and implements a comprehensive transportation planning process which results in investments that are consistent with the policies of the State Transportation Commission.

The Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) is responsible for Michigan’s nearly 10,000-mile state highway system, comprised of all M, I, and US-routes. It is the backbone of Michigan’s 120,000-mile highway, road and street network.
MDOT’s Office of Governmental Affairs represents the department’s interests as new or amendatory legislation is developed or moving through the legislative process.

TRAC engages high school and middle school students in solving real-world problems, such as designing bridges or analyzing the environmental effects of building a highway.
At MDOT, safety is paramount. It is our goal to improve overall safety for all road users, internal staff, contractors performing work on roads, and emergency responders.MDOT has ongoing government-to-government communication with 12 federally recognized sovereign tribal governments whose lands are situated within Michigan. Every year, MDOT produces an updated version of the state transportation map. The department also produces numerous geographic information system maps to assist commuters, tourists, and businesses. There are many common myths and misconceptions about transportation in Michigan. Transportation Reality Check takes on some of these myths, and explains why MDOT does things the way they do.The TRAC Internship is an extension of the TRAC Program and is designed to provide opportunities for 12th grade students interested in transportation and engineering careers.In Michigan, there are three publicly-owned and operated bridges: Mackinac Bridge, Blue Water Bridge, and International Bridge. There are also two privately-owned and operated border crossings: Ambassador Bridge and Detroit-Windsor Tunnel. The web Browser you are currently using is unsupported, and some features of this site may not work as intended. Please update to a modern browser such as Chrome, Firefox or Edge to experience all features has to offer. The Office of Communications works with the media to inform the public of MDOT’s mission, policies and practices in a positive, consistent and credible manner. The office is responsible for media relations, social media, and website development.The Red Arrow Highway follows along Lake Michigan from New Buffalo to Sawyer. It’s a perfect way to explore Michigan’s Harbor Country. The scenic road was named after a WWI army (the 32nd Infantry Division) unit that included many local men.

How many planes are in the Red Arrows?
nine-aircraft Squadron leader Tom Bould (Red 1) – team leader His primary responsibility involves overseeing all aspects of the display, from running the training programme to choreographing the show. He leads the nine-aircraft aerobatic display.
This entry was posted on Sunday, August 7th, 2011 at 5:36 pm and is filed under Firefly Resort. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Both comments and pings are currently closed. Not only is this road historic, it was also named a Great Summer Drive by Travel + Leisure. The tree-lined road links the beachfront towns and features art galleries, unique eateries and restaurants, wineries and antique shops. Beyond shopping and dining, the Red Arrow Highway also connects to Warren Dunes State Park, the perfect destination for hiking, birding, winter sports and just exploring nature in general.Goods and guide inspired by the string of magical beach towns that are tucked along the southernmost stretch of Lake Michigan and are connected by the Red Arrow Highway.

Tucked away along the southernmost shores of Lake Michigan, an unassuming string of beach towns are connected by a defunct intercoastal known as the Red Arrow Highway. Close enough to Chicago to tune into a Cubs game, yet far enough away to feel like you’ve stumbled upon an uncharted isle, here you can get your fill of knick knacks, pale ale and bacon jam all while enjoying the simple rhythms of the greatest of freshwater lakes.

When life gets stressful, there’s something soothing about hopping in the car and embarking on a scenic drive. Whether you’re simply exploring your neighborhood or venturing to a particular destination, driving time can be deeply calming. One gorgeous highway route here in Michigan promises to deliver lakeside views and plenty of serenity, so keep it in mind for your next jaunt.
Have you and your family made this 21-mile drive during previous visits to Southwest Michigan? What were some of your favorite stops along the route? We’re always eager to hear from our readers, so drop us a line in the Facebook comments or recommend another incredible scenic drive in the Great Lakes State by filling out our official nomination form here.

Note: The Red Arrow Highway technically ends in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Through the towns of St. Joseph and Benton Harbor, it is marked as Business Loop 94. Eventually, it will return as Red Arrow Highway on the Northern side of Benton Harbor.
Situated along Red Arrow Highway, an historic stretch of road that winds along Michigan’s Southwestern shoreline, the Red Arrow Roadhouse still has the inviting appeal of roadhouses once found while touring the countryside in the 40’s and 50’s. With its stucco exterior and arched doorway still intact, the building is a reflection of years past. Inside the restaurant guest are greeted by a charming dining room with knotty pine walls, mounted game, antiques and memorabilia. Rustic hardwood floors and quaint tables are as inviting as the crafted wood bar, which originally graced Chicago’s East Bank Club.This project was funded, in part, by the Michigan Coastal Zone Management Program, Department of Environmental Quality Office of the Great Lakes and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce.