Skip to content

Susan Y Epifanio

In 2010, the LRT Line 1 (LRT-1) of the Manila Light Rail Transit System was extended from Monumento to Roosevelt, ultimately transversing EDSA to end at the site of the current North Avenue MRT Station.With support from Singapore, the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority proposed the implementation of road pricing, based on the Electronic Road Pricing scheme on Singapore, on EDSA to alleviate traffic congestion, along with providing alternate routes and opening some gated community roads. Implementation is set for 2018, but Rene Santiago, a transport engineer and planner, criticized the proposal because it may only worsen congestion, along with the numerous intersections and side streets along EDSA. On April 2, 2013, then-President Benigno Aquino III gave the green light for the construction of a flyover at the perennially traffic-choked corner of EDSA and Taft Avenue in Metro Manila. On April 7, 1959, De los Santos’ birth anniversary, Republic Act No. 2140 was passed, renaming the avenue to honor him. Rapid urbanization in the 1960s and 1970s, particularly after the annexation of several Rizal towns to the newly established National Capital Region, marked the growth of the industrial centers along the road, and several other roads connected to the avenue, such as Ayala Avenue and McKinley Road in Makati. After stricter implementation of bus lanes and barrier separation through plastic barriers, the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) will start to replace the orange barriers with a concrete permanent barrier used to separate the bus lanes from private vehicle lanes. In 2011, Bohol Representative Rene Relampagos filed House Bill (HB) No. 5422, proposing to rename Epifanio de los Santos Avenue as “Corazon Aquino Avenue.” According to Relampagos, the idea to rename EDSA after Aquino, who led the 1986 People Power, was conceptualized in the aftermath of her death.

After crossing the Pasig River, EDSA enters the city of Makati through Guadalupe, where it provides access to the Rockwell Center, a major mixed-use business park in Makati, through J.P. Rizal Avenue. The highway also provides quick access to the city of Taguig and the Bonifacio Global City nearby. After crossing Buendia Avenue, the highway enters the Ayala Center, an important commercial district in the Philippines, where the Greenbelt and Glorietta shopping centers are located via Ayala Avenue. The road then curves eastwards, continues on a straight route to the city of Pasay, and passing the Chino Roces Avenue, Osmeña Highway and South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) through Magallanes Interchange.

During the rule of President Ferdinand Marcos, traffic jams along the avenue started to build up. Several interchanges were constructed to relieve congestion, including the Balintawak and Magallanes Interchanges. Later, with the implementation of the Metro Manila Arterial Road System in 1965, in order to complete the Circumferential Road 4 system, EDSA was extended from Taft Avenue to Roxas Boulevard, occupying parcels of land along the old F. Rein and Del Pan Streets in Pasay. Until the mid-1980s, many parts of the highway still overlooked vast grassland and open fields.
The entire avenue forms part of Circumferential Road 4 (C-4) of Metro Manila’s arterial road network, National Route 1 (N1) of the Philippine highway network and Asian Highway 26 (AH26) of the Asian Highway Network. The locations around the avenue were marked with great economic and industrial growth, proven by the fact that all but two industrial centers in the Metropolis are directly accessible from the thoroughfare. The decent economic growth of the areas around the avenue adds a significant volume of traffic on the avenue, and in recent estimates, and an average of 2.34 million vehicles go through it every day. The avenue is a divided carriageway, often consisting of 12 lanes, 6 in either direction, with the elevated railroads Manila Metro Rail Transit System Line 3 and Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 often serving as its median. Although it is not an expressway, traffic rules and speed limits are strictly implemented to the vehicles that pass along it. It is operated by the Metro Manila Development Authority and is maintained and constantly being repaired by the Department of Public Works and Highways, whose maintenance over EDSA excludes the extension at Bay City in Pasay.

Who betrayed Teresa?
Kelly Anne Kelly Anne loses control after this stressful event, starts using drugs and falls prey to Devon. She betrays Teresa and the group which results in the CIA taking out their supplier. After Teresa orders her death, James spares her life and let’s her escape.
Several landmarks commemorate historical events that occurred along the avenue. At the intersection of EDSA and Ortigas Avenue is EDSA Shrine, a Catholic church capped by a bronze statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Our Lady of Peace. The shrine is dedicated to this Marian title in memory of the pious folk belief that in the 1986 Revolution, the Virgin Mary personally shielded the protesters – many of whom were peacefully praying and singing – as they faced government troops, tanks, and aircraft.The People Power Monument (Tagalog: Monumento ng Lakás ng Bayan), consisting of a giant statue and esplanade, sits at the corner of EDSA and White Plains Avenue. Sculpted by Eduardo Castrillo and unveiled in 1993, the central sculpture depicts protesters standing upon a circular podium, all surrounding a woman (representing Ináng Bayan or the Motherland), reaching up to the heavens with her outstretched hands and broken shackles. A Philippine flag rises behind her, while a statue of Ninoy Aquino and an eternal flame stand on either side at its base. A huge, limestone-faced wall with grooves for ribbons in the national colors forms a backdrop to the scene. The surrounding pavement contains a row of flagstaffs, and is the center for protests and ceremonies held on the Revolution’s anniversary of February 25.

On January 18, 2016, strict implementation on bus lanes started on the Shaw–Guadalupe segment, where plastic barriers are placed and prohibited entry of private vehicles and taxis on the bus lanes except when turning to EDSA’s side streets. Despite the plastic barrier, many private vehicles still enter the lanes.
The Department of Transportation proposed to have at least two lines of the Metro Manila Bus Rapid Transit System in 2017. EDSA’s proposed BRT line will be named “Line 2: Central Corridor”. The line will have 48.6 kilometers (30.2 mi) of segregated busways covering the length of the road. The agency planned to scrap the project by June 2018. However, this appeal was rejected and the Line 1 which will be built on Quezon Avenue, which passes EDSA, was later approved by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) on November 2. In 2019, Senator Win Gatchalian called for the approval of the BRT system as an alternate to the PNR Metro Commuter Line.The lead agency that manages the flow of traffic along EDSA is the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA), a government agency under the Office of the President of the Philippines and is advised by the Metro Manila Mayors League. One of the MMDA’s traffic management schemes that is in effect on EDSA, among other major thoroughfares in the metropolis, is the Uniform Vehicular Volume Reduction Program.

Does James betray Teresa for Camila?
His loyalty to Camila is unwavering for years, but he lies to Camila to protect Teresa. James shows more and more loyalty to Teresa, eventually coming to work for her.
EDSA enters Pasay shortly after crossing SLEX and Osmeña Highway in Makati. In Pasay, the highway provides access to Ninoy Aquino International Airport via a flyover to Tramo Street. EDSA would pass through Pasay Rotonda within Taft Avenue and continues on a straight route until it crosses to Roxas Boulevard. After crossing Roxas Boulevard, it becomes known as EDSA Extension and enters Central Business Park 1-A of the Bay City reclamation area, where SM Mall of Asia is located. EDSA’s terminus is at the Globe Rotunda fronting SM Mall of Asia.The majority of protesters were gathered at the gates of the two bases, along a stretch of EDSA between the commercial districts of Cubao in Quezon City and Ortigas Center in Mandaluyong. Over two million Filipino civilians, along with political, military, and religious groups led by Archbishop of Manila Cardinal Jaime Sin, succeeded in toppling President Marcos. Corazon Aquino, the widow of assassinated opposition senator Benigno Aquino Jr., was installed as president on the morning of February 25; by midnight, Marcos had escaped Malacañang Palace with his family, and was flying to exile in Hawaii. In the 1950s, the northern end of the avenue was designated to its present terminus at Bonifacio Monument in Caloocan and its section west of it later became known as Samson Road, General San Miguel Street, and Letre Road, respectively. In the same decade, Rizalists wanted the avenue’s name to remain 19 de Junio, while President Ramon Magsaysay wanted the avenue named after Rizal. Residents of Rizal province (to which most parts of Metro Manila belonged until 1975) wanted the avenue to be named after a Rizaleño: the historian, jurist and scholar named Epifanio de los Santos y Cristóbal. The Philippine Historical Committee (now the National Historical Commission of the Philippines), the Philippine Historical Association, the Philippine Library Association, Association of university and College Professors, the Philippine China Cultural Association, and the Philippine National Historical Society, led by fellow Rizaleños Eulogio Rodríguez, Sr. and Juan Sumulong, supported the renaming of Highway 54 to Epifanio de los Santos Avenue. An overpass over the North Avenue-West Avenue Intersection and Mindanao Avenue Junction in the Triangle Park and a Flyover over Congressional Avenue and Roosevelt Avenue Intersection in Muñoz are already approved and may start construction in 2013. As of 2020, the project is currently on hold.

Does Teresa love Guero?
Teresa Mendoza: Guero is in love with Teresa, and they were together for about a year and he gave her the deed to his house as a gesture of love. She was hurt after finding out that he survived the plane explosion and left her behind. While she still cares for him, she doesn’t seem to trust him completely.
EDSA crosses much of the northern part of Quezon City, passing through the Balintawak, Muñoz, and Project 7 districts. It sharply curves southwards after crossing the North Avenue-West Avenue Intersection in the Triangle Business Park. On the north side of EDSA is the SM North EDSA. In front of it are the TriNoma mall and the Eton Centris or Centris Walk. ABS-CBN Broadcasting Center and its transmitter can be easily seen from EDSA and continues southwards, slightly turning westwards slowly until it leaves the Triangle Park after crossing the East Avenue-Timog Avenue Intersection, where the GMA Network Center is located. It continues through the district of Cubao, entering the Araneta Center after crossing the Aurora Boulevard Tunnel. In Cubao, several malls, infrastructure and offices are located, most notably the Smart Araneta Coliseum, the biggest coliseum in Southeast Asia. The Avenue curves southwards and crosses Santolan Road near Socorro, where the twin bases of Camps Crame and Aguinaldo are located. The Greenhills Shopping Center and the Eastwood City are also located nearby. EDSA then continues on its route and serves as the boundary of the cities of San Juan and Quezon City. The People Power Monument can be seen on the northbound side of EDSA at its junction with White Plains Avenue. After 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) in Quezon City, the Avenue will eventually leave the city and enter the City of Mandaluyong. EDSA enters Mandaluyong after crossing the borders of the Ortigas Center. In the Ortigas Center, some notable buildings around the area are the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration building, Robinsons Galleria, SM Megamall, and the bronze EDSA Shrine, a memorial church to the 1986 Revolution. It then curves smoothly westwards after it crosses Boni Avenue and Pioneer Street, and crosses the Pasig River via the Guadalupe Bridge, leaving the city of Mandaluyong.A decongestion program under the Build! Build! Build! Infrastructure Program is ongoing to help decongest EDSA (which is under overcapacity, carrying 402,000 vehicles daily while has the capacity of 288,000). This involves the construction of other roads and bridges that will divert traffic from the avenue. The government aims to reduce travel time from Cubao to Makati to 5–6 minutes.

In June 2020, bus routes in the avenue were rationalized, creating the EDSA Carousel line carried by the new EDSA Busway. The EDSA Busway is separated from normal road traffic and now used only for buses and emergency vehicles. The new bus lane spans from Monumento to PITX and is divided by concreted barriers and steel fences. The old rightmost bus lanes was now opened for all vehicles, with the avenue now having total of 4-5 public-use lanes per direction instead of 3, excluding interchanges.The avenue is also used in political campaigns by several politicians, particularly those who had been involved in the EDSA Revolution such as Joseph Estrada and Benigno Aquino III.

In 1997, construction began on the Manila Metro Rail Transit System, which runs the length of EDSA from North Avenue to Taft Avenue. It was opened under the administration of Joseph Estrada, the thirteenth President of the Philippines.
EDSA is frequently used as a protest site. In August 2012, the Catholic Church assembled a mass rally on EDSA to oppose the Reproductive Health Bill. On September 11, 2013, a prayer vigil called EDSA Tayo was held at the EDSA Shrine, where around 500–700 people were gathered to call for the abolition of the Priority Development Assistance Fund. On February 25, 2015, various groups held a demonstration along EDSA to demand that President Benigno Aquino III stand down. On August 27–31 of the same year, Iglesia ni Cristo adherents staged demonstrations along EDSA near SM Megamall, calling on then-Justice Secretary Leila De Lima to focus on issues such as the Mamasapano clash instead of a case filed by former INC minister Isaias Samson, Jr., against Church leaders. On November 30, 2016, an anti-Marcos protest was held in the People Power Monument due to the burial of Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. On November 5, 2017, critics of the Duterte administration attended a mass held in EDSA shrine to protest against extrajudicial killings in the country. On February 22, 2018, groups gathered at People Power Monument to hold a prayer vigil to show their opposition against constitutional reform. On February 22, 2020, demonstrators gathered at the People Power Monument to call on President Rodrigo Duterte to resign from office.Named after academic Epifanio de los Santos, the road links the North Luzon Expressway at the Balintawak Interchange in the north to the South Luzon Expressway at the Magallanes Interchange in the south, as well as the major financial districts of Triangle Park, Araneta City, Ortigas Center, Makati CBD, and Bay City. It is the longest and the most congested highway in the metropolis, stretching some 23.8 kilometers (14.8 mi).

In 2006, the avenue was further extended from Roxas Boulevard to the SM Mall of Asia on the Bay City Reclamation Project, where it now ends at the Globe Rotunda, a roundabout. That same year, the avenue was badly damaged in September, when Typhoon Milenyo hit Manila.Construction of what was then called the North and South Circumferential Road began in 1939 under President Manuel L. Quezon. The construction team was led by engineers Florencio Moreno and Osmundo Monsod.

Does Epifanio love Camila?
Epifanio later eats a taco made of Batman’s flesh as offered by Cortez. Camila Vargas: Although he offers Camila a divorce, which she initially rejects, he seems to still be in love with her.
On September 9, 2015, the Philippine National Police (PNP) deployed the Highway Patrol Group to support MMDA traffic constables easing traffic on congested segments of EDSA.Many have observed that the cause of many traffic jams on EDSA is its change from being a highway to an avenue. This resulted the erection of erring establishment, buses and jeepneys. Subsequently, buses have been the target of other traffic management programs, like the MMDA’s Organized Bus Route Program. The MMDA is strictly implementing also the Motorcycle and Bus laning in EDSA, making it the second highway in the Philippines ever to have such traffic rule to be enforced, after Commonwealth Avenue. The average speed of vehicles in EDSA is 15 kilometers per hour (9.3 mph).

Why is EDSA named after Epifanio?
and Juan Sumulong, supported the renaming of Highway 54 to Epifanio de los Santos Avenue. On April 7, 1959, De los Santos’ birth anniversary, Republic Act No. 2140 was passed, renaming the avenue to honor him.
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, commonly referred to by its acronym EDSA, is a limited-access circumferential highway around Manila, the capital city of the Philippines. It passes through 6 of Metro Manila’s 17 local government units or cities, namely, from north to south, Caloocan, Quezon City, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati, and Pasay.EDSA starts from the Bonifacio Monument (Monumento) Circle in Caloocan, its intersection with MacArthur Highway, Rizal Avenue Extension, and Samson Road, the western side of the C-4 Road. The roundabout is also the marker of the 1896 Revolution by Andres Bonifacio. The 1.7 kilometers (1.1 mi) of the road are in Caloocan. The Avenue will then enter Quezon City through the Balintawak district, after an intersection with the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) and A. Bonifacio Avenue at the Balintawak Interchange.

Why was EDSA named EDSA?
On April 7, 1959, De los Santos’ birth anniversary, Republic Act No. 2140 was passed, renaming the avenue to honor him.
EDSA was also featured in the film The Bourne Legacy. Portions of the road from Magallanes Interchange to Taft Avenue were featured in a car chase wherein Aaron Cross, played by Jeremy Renner, jumps from the Taft Avenue footbridge to a plying bus.

The Second EDSA Revolution, which also took place along the avenue, resulted in the peaceful ouster of President Estrada following his impeachment trial. He was succeeded by his Vice-President, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. She was sworn in on the terrace of EDSA Shrine by then-Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr. at noon on January 20, 2001, several hours before Estrada and his family fled Malacañang Palace.By 1986, political opposition to the 20-year dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos mounted. In late February, high-ranking military officers including Defence Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and General Fidel Ramos, defected from the Marcos government and seized Camp Crame and Camp Aguinaldo, two military bases located across each other midway along EDSA. This triggered three days of peaceful demonstrations that became the People Power Revolution.

In September 2017, the construction of the North Triangle Common Station was started after numerous delays due to bureaucracy and location disputes. It will connect the LRT Line 1, MRT Line 3, MRT Line 7, and the Metro Manila Subway.
The EDSA III, which also took place along the avenue from April 25 to May 1 of the same year, resulted in violence when the supporters of former President Estrada attempted to storm the presidential palace and the military and police were ordered to use their arms to drive them back. Arroyo declared a state of rebellion because of the violence and prominent political personalities affiliated with Estrada were charged and arrested.The road, starting from North Bay Boulevard in Navotas and ending at Taft Avenue (formerly known as Taft Avenue Extension / Manila South Road) in Pasay, then in the province of Rizal, was finished in 1940 shortly before the outbreak of World War II and the subsequent Japanese Occupation. It was then known as the Manila Circumferential Road or simply as Circumferential Road. It was also renamed to Highway 54 and thus designated as Route 54. Due to the route number, there was a common misconception on that time that the avenue is 54 kilometers (34 mi) long. The present-day North EDSA section in Caloocan and Quezon City was referred to as Calle Samson (Samson Street), while its section in Pasay was also known as P. Lovina Street. After the independence of the Philippines from the United States in 1946, the road was renamed Avenida 19 de Junio (June 19 Avenue), after the birth date of national hero José Rizal.

The project is estimated to cost ₱2.8 billion, with the flyover extending to about 1.4 kilometers (0.87 mi) each side and it will take one and a half years to complete the project.
On March 16, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID) imposed a community quarantine or lockdown, which halted almost all public and private transportations plying in EDSA. This paved way for the immediate construction of the bus rapid transit (BRT) system called EDSA Busway. The interim operations of the BRT system began on July 1, 2020. Intended to be largely served by bus stops along median lanes, some stops are temporarily served by stations on the curbside. The system runs on a dedicated bus lane which is separated by concreted barriers and steel fences. Carmen Nydia Velázquez (born 2 October 1947) is a Puerto Rican comedian, actress and singer. She is best known for her fictional role in the comedic duo Susa y Epifanio which has been featured in popular radio and television programs in Puerto Rico for 30 years. Velázquez performed for a three-month (June to September) season at the Marriott Hotel, in Condado, San Juan, Puerto Rico, in 2007, and the show was broadcast through WORO-TV, channel 13. Velazquez would perform in an event titled “Noches de Bohemia” at the Marriott Hotel in San Juan. Here she was scheduled to sing along with pianist Tito Vicente. On 21 September 2013, she made an unexpected appearance at the Día Mundial de Ponce.

Where is Epifanio from?
Susa y Epifanio are a comedic duo of fictional characters from Puerto Rico. CachedSimilar
Presently, Velázquez alongside Victor Alicea, as Susa y Epifanio, are featured on the radio program Prende El Fogón which is broadcast weekdays at noon on WSKN-AM in San Juan, and on “El Fogón TV”, telecast on Tuesdays through WORO-TV, channel 13, in Carolina.James respects women, especially strong women. He gives Teresa space to make her decisions although he often plays devil’s advocate to make her look at the problems from all angles. James is supportive and never takes credit.

King George: James doesn’t seem to like George, calling him a lunatic, but they have to work together in order to ship Camila’s product and later as part of Teresa’s organization. George often comes up with nicknames for James, and James appears annoyed but resigned to having to deal with him. James goes to rescue George from Cortez.
Kelly Anne Van Awken: Kelly Anne ran the winery for Teresa, though she didn’t really have a hand in the cartel side of the business. After discovering that she was the mole, James pretends to kill Kelly Anne to spare Pote from having to do it, while in reality he lets her escape. On the finale James saves pregnant Kelly Anne as Pote is unable to come to her rescue.James is away for one year, and when he comes back he is wounded and brings the message of a kill team after Teresa. Upon his return James finds a very changed Teresa – ruthless and greedy – and he has difficulties accepting the new person she has become. Once they are on the path of legitimizing the biz, their relationship goes back to normal – they are seen planning, working and sharing together. The couple decides to leave the business after it becomes clear that they can never be legitimate and independent and that they have to be CIA’s pawns. James and Teresa come clean with each other about their feelings and put in motion a plan to fake Teresa’s death to escape the narco life. The couple succeeds and is shown to live happily after a time jump of four years. James puts on a silent, tough front but he isn’t as unaffected. He doesn’t enjoy the cartel life, but his view is that the only way to get out is to move up. He is willing to use violence for information, but he finds no joy in it. He often averts his gaze to violence that others commit, as with the deaths of Leo and the reporter. His outlook on life is grim, as shown by his “trapped in a cave” metaphor. In season 3 James accepts her belief that the biz could be done with less violence and more ingenuity thus becoming her soulmate and partner in crime. James’s outlook on life in the crime world changes significantly under Teresa’s influence. In season 3 James and Teresa work as partners to defeat La Commission and become the only suppliers in Phoenix. They become lovers and run the Operation for weeks until things fall apart after Teresa’s trip to Bolivia. James is hurt when Teresa under Pote’s influence suspects him of being the mole responsible for El Santo’s death. The third season ends with James leaving Teresa to work for the CIA so that the Agency stays away from her organization, however Teresa does not know the truth and believes he leaves because she failed to trust him.Kim Brown: James had a ‘kept woman’ relationship with Kim, and he spoiled her. He says passively that sometimes he’d like to kill one person who lives in the building they’re standing in front of, meaning Kim. After killing the Birdman, James calls Kim to join him in his hideout trailer as he expects retaliation. Kim is not happy with James’s life in the cartel and due to the complete silence and tone of their final scene together, it is suggested that they have broken up. He is an ex-military sergeant. He was in the First Calvary, which is based in Texas. He works for CIA for a whole year in an attempt to protect Teresa’s organization. James has dark hair and a light beard. He has tattoos on his left arm, extending from his neck to his bicep. He has a spider-web tattoo extending across his shoulder, and some skulls tattooed on his arm, among others. On his neck is a coffin tattoo with a cross and a ribbon around it. He is often seen wearing his leather jacket and dark sunglasses.

When there was a hit out on Camila, James saves her life wordlessly. This loyalty earns her trust and James becomes her second in command since then. He is in charge of the Warehouse duties and runs the daily operations for Camila.
As he’s ex-military, he is trained in combat first-aid as well as in using weaponry. He has excellent marksmanship and has served as a sniper for both Camila and Teresa. Camila thinks that James is good at getting people to trust him.Guero Davila: James dislikes Guero. He’s an egoist, a rat, puts Teresa in danger, and is overall an idiot and behaves like a child. However, James doesn’t kill Guero in Bolivia despite Camila’s orders, and he later helps bury Guero after his death.James is very loyal. His loyalty to Camila is unwavering for years, but he lies to Camila to protect Teresa. James shows more and more loyalty to Teresa, eventually coming to work for her. James falls in love with Teresa and accepts her idea that the biz could be done with less violence and more ingenuity. By the end of the series James undergoes character changes that result in him wanting to leave and ‘clean his hands’ as he gets tired of the violence in his life.

James has a good head on his shoulders. He memorizes layouts and formulates plans of attack. He is good at calculating risk and escaping dangerous situations intact, though he does come in contact with a bullet every now and then.
Camila Vargas: James serves as Camila’s right hand for years. He is the only person in her cartel who questions her and offers differing point of views, because they respect each other and she values his opinion. Camila tries to manipulate James by putting him and Teresa at odds with each when she shows higher trust in Teresa’s newly found cartel abilities. After James rescues Isabela, he asks Camila for a cut of the money they received from Devon Finch and they part on good terms. In season 3 Camila makes a snide comment about James going to work and sharing a house and a bed with Teresa However, later when she needs their help to save Isabela, she admits she misses having James by her side as their relationship remains one of mutual respect.James shows that he cares for the wellbeing of the mules when he tries to ditch the airport job to save Teresa’s life when she is delivering the drugs in ingested balloons prone to bursting. James dislikes people dying needlessly on his watch. He also knows Camila’s sneaky nature and warns Teresa not to ingratiate herself with Camila. He dislikes violence and uses it only as a last resort. Pote Galvez: James and Pote have ups and downs as they work first for Camila and then for Teresa. The two men each love Teresa in their own way and both remain by her side till the end. Pote wrongly blames James for being the mole in season 3, which leads to Teresa and James braking up. In season 5 Pote redeems himself by sharing with James events that occurred during his absence and their effect on Teresa, which results in James not leaving Teresa’s operation. James respects Pote and on the finale after having saved Kelly Anne twice and having proven to Pote that he actually loves Teresa, Pote calls him ‘brother’. Devon Finch: James teams up with Devon after Camila and Teresa leave Texas. Devon is the one that wants him to kill Mark Douglas, even though James thinks he’s innocent. This prompts James to go seek out Teresa, who believes in doing things a better way. James agrees to work with the CIA, which Devon is revealed to be part of, in order to protect Teresa.

Teresa Mendoza: Teresa is often paired with James for missions and they develop a partnership. He warns her about Camila’s traps and mindset and supports her when she has trouble accepting the violence in her new life. James mentors Teresa, teaches her survival skills and saves her life numerous times while risking his own. They develop a strong loyalty bond and show signs of falling in love with each other throughout season 1, however their mutual feelings become clear when in season 2 James walks knowingly into a death trap to save Teresa , while Teresa has a dream of James kissing her.James isn’t overly ambitious – “he doesn’t want the whole building, just a few bricks”, but he does set himself up to be indispensable with his wide range of special skills. He functions best as part of a group as proven by his work for Camila, Devon, then Teresa.

Camila calls him charming. He is a cartel don and a governor, so is influential. He thinks of himself as principled, as he believes a governor should be.Teresa Mendoza: Upon their first meeting, Epifanio was nice to Teresa because she was his godson Guero’s girlfriend. After Guero’s death, Teresa tried to exchange the book for her life, however Epifanio didn’t go along with this. This caused for her to leave him behind after the car flipped, for this he swore revenge. He had men looking for her everywhere — California, Florida, Arizona — and was determined to bring her in. He spends much of season one searching for her and trying to retrieve her from Camila. Teresa later shoots and kills Epifanio in front of his family.

El Santo: Epifanio was terrified of him. Back in ’95, he did a deal with Igor, the Russian, for a shipment and he didn’t realize El Santo was involved. The crate was seized and when Epifanio didn’t want to pay for it, he came home and found his entire house staff strung up like wet laundry. Epifanio ended up paying for the lost shipment.Camila Vargas: Although he offers Camila a divorce, which she initially rejects, he seems to still be in love with her. After suffering a heart attack, Camila comes to visit him in the hospital and he said, “When I lost you, I thought my heart would break. Perhaps it finally has.” Their relationship is strained and they hate each other twice as much as they love each other, but when it comes to their daughter, they are united. Epifanio never orders for anyone to physically hurt Camila. He breaks her out of jail after Isabela is kidnapped and later dies by her side.Cesar: Cesar was Epifanio’s right hand man. Epifanio planned to turn the business largely over to Batman’s control in order to distance himself from it, and later attack Batman as the “leader” of the Vargas cartel in Sinaloa. Epifanio later eats a taco made of Batman’s flesh as offered by Cortez.Isabela Vargas: Isabela looks up to her father and is proud of him for leaving behind the cartel business, as he has told her he has. She is hurt when he is accused of being a cartel leader at the wedding and when she sees his secretary leave his bedroom adjusting her clothes. Isabela visits her mom to tell her that Epifanio is cheating on her and asks her to come home. When Isabela is kidnapped, Epifanio ignores his problems with Camila and has her broken out of jail so that they can recover Isabela together. When Epifanio dies on the runway, Isabela runs out of the airplane and weeps over his body. She is very bitter over his death and encourages Camila to hunt Teresa down and kill her. However, when given the chance to kill Teresa herself, she doesn’t take it.Alberto Cortez: Colonel Cortez was always a bit insistent and infringing on his space. Epifanio didn’t like Cortez but he was necessary to his role as governor.Guero is impulsive, reckless, lives for the moment and can be rather jealous. He acts in his own self-interest, not thinking how his actions will affect his girlfriends Teresa and Leo (whom he dated before). Guero has a hero complex. He acts possessively toward Teresa and gets jealous of James after seeing that James has become important to Teresa and cares about her, which leads to some violence.

Guero is a Chicano male that is often seen with longer fair hair. He has a tattoo of Jesus Christ on his left shoulder. He also is slim and has light green eyes.

Guero and Chino were stealing from Epifanio by using a contact with the Federales to retrieve confiscated cocaine and sell it behind their boss’s back. Guero is thought to have been killed by Batman following a drug drop on a short plane strip.
Guero met Teresa when she was money changing and beat up her boss who groped her when she was speaking to customers. He then brought her into his world as his woman.It is later revealed that Guero didn’t die after all, and that the DEA pulled him out of the plane before it exploded so that they could use him to take down the Vargas cartel. Their deal is that he won’t get any time in jail if he talks.Boaz Jimenez: Boaz and Kelly Anne have a business relationship in season 5. They have discussions regarding his assistance with the issues at the port of Altamira when Boaz guesses Kelly Anne is pregnant. Later Boaz kidnaps Kelly Anne to get to Teresa and it is a very distressful experience for her.Kelly Anne is a southern belle who graduated top of her class at law school. She gave up her dreams of becoming a powerful lawyer when she married Cole. Despite years of verbal and physical abuse from her husband, she maintained a cheerful, friendly, and upbeat demeanor. Kelly Anne ends up in Teresa’s cartel by circumstances and does her best to fit despite not having any experience in the criminal world. She betrays Teresa and sets up James to take the fall under extreme pressure from Devon Finch who is CIA. Despite her fear and cocaine addiction, her actions are not reasonable as she does not look for help from her ‘sister’ as she calls Teresa, but chooses to believe the man who wine boarded her. Kelly Anne redeems herself by saving Tony. She proves to have a strong character when she decides not to run anymore and to face her destiny which can be redemption or death. She succeeds in gaining Teresa’s trust and Pote’s love and becomes an integral part of the operation.James Valdez: Kelly Anne and James are friends and work together at the Winery. Instead of killing her when she sets him up for the El Santo fiasco which also ruined his relationship with Teresa, James spares her life. Later she thanks him and he admits that he knew she was being used and she really meant no harm. James saves pregnant Kelly Anne on the finale as Pote is unable to. Teresa: Kelly Anne meets Teresa at a party while she is still married to Cole. Their relationship starts when Kelly Anne uncovers two sets of ownership documents for Camila’s company whereby one set states Teresa as an owner. Kelly Anne warns Teresa that she may go to prison as Camila is setting her up. From then on Teresa helps Kelly Anne when she murders the husband, then takes her as part of her operation. Kelly Anne sets up the winery and runs it, she also takes care of Tony and deals with all legal matters for Teresa. In season 3 she is wine boarded by Devon Finch to force Teresa to disclose a location. Kelly Anne loses control after this stressful event, starts using drugs and falls prey to Devon. She betrays Teresa and the group which results in the CIA taking out their supplier. After Teresa orders her death, James spares her life and let’s her escape. Kelly Anne comes out of hiding to save Tony’s life and Teresa lets her stay. Kelly Anne slowly wins Teresa’s trust again as well as Pote’s love and they become a couple. Kelly Anne gets pregnant in season 5. After a kidnapping ordeal, she manages to escape the business with the rest of the team. Pote Galvez: Pote meets Kelly Anne when she and Teresa need help with Cole’s dead body. Pote develops a liking for Kelly Anne and it shows when he meets her again at the Winery purchase. Pote helps Kelly Anne when Devon attacks the Winery and comforts her afterwards. He is devastated when she is found to be the mole and passes the task to kill her to James as he is unable to. In season 4 Pote encounters her again and is very happy when he realizes she is alive. Pote lets her go, but she refuses to run. They provide comfort to each other when Pote has issues with Tony and they end up admitting their feelings for each other. Pote is unprepared for the pregnancy that happens and they show very different attitudes towards birth and children. However, when Pote reunites with the team after his prison sentence and sees his 4-year-old daughter, they seem to not have any disagreements. Kelly Anne is over the moon when Pote returns.

At the initial stages of the character, Don Epifanio had a laundromat, something that was unbecoming of his avowed origins. His sister was also his partner in the laundry’s administrative duties, and constantly had to bring Epifanio to his senses, since his rather caustic sense of humor and constant anger tended to rub the laundry’s patrons off. Epifanio had never married and his sister was divorced (she shared a bit of his misanthropy and had a hard time having and keeping a partner). Therefore, when they once found a baby girl inside a trash can in front of their laundromat, they raised her as their “niece”. The girl, Chachita, turned to be a pretty, short, shrill-voiced teenager, who befriended Papo Tennis, a tall, unemployed young man who wore basketball garb and constantly went to the Laundromat to clean his tennis shoes using the laundry’s equipment. Epifanio hated Papo for many reasons: his tennis shoes would break the equipment up and Epifanio would use this as an excuse, but the real reason was their perceived social class differences. Epifanio, whose skin isn’t “fair” by any means, would be openly racist towards Afro-Puerto Rican Papo. He would attempt to sabotage any of Chachita’s efforts to go out with Papo, and for this he would put his considerable talent as a miser to good use. Most of these attempts would inevitably backfire (or would somehow hint Chachita of her lineage, something that, according to the story, would have to remain a secret forever given the circumstances of Chachita’s adoption), and hence, would make the plot of the story each day, since “El Derecho de Lavar” was a daily 20-minute section within a daily variety show (then aired on WLUZ-TV, San Juan’s former Channel 7).
Susa somehow manages to continue a business relationship with Epifanio, who has always been abusive towards her. At the beginning, he was blatantly racist against Susa (due to her darker skin color), and called her a “monita” (monkey). Audience protests and complaints from Afro-Puerto Rican community leaders have only diminished Epifanio’s rants, and he blames her troubles on her being “prieta, bruta y penepé” (black, dumb and PNP member). Susa almost always counters this by hitting Epifanio with her by-now legendary handbag when insulted, something that inevitably causes Epifanio considerable physical pain.

Somehow this blatantly antagonistic relationship would be sustained without either deteriorating further (or being consummated sexually, on the other hand) over their mutual programs’ seasons. Susa would actually attempt to bring some sense into Epifanio’s financial and personal life, with very little success. Epifanio would then claim he needed Susa, at least as a verbal target.
In the 1990s, Epifanio was paired with Susa Cruz, setting up a comedic duo that would greatly rely on the acknowledged sexual and political tension between the two. Jesusa Cruz Avilés was born in Las Marías, Puerto Rico. Nicknamed “Susa”, she jokingly claims to be a distant relative of Tom Cruise, whose last name is a homophone of “Cruz” (and who has no relation with Puerto Rico at all). She is well known for being the best “fritolera” (fritter cook) in Puerto Rico, having a reputation for having invented the “alcapurrias bisexuales” (bisexual alcapurrias)
, named as such by Epifanio due to their ambiguous shape. As many cooks in rural Puerto Rican eateries do, Susa constantly wears a hair mesh.Given more physical space to act (since the WLUZ-TV’s studios were rather small) Alicea then incorporated physical comedy elements to the character, some of which can be directly attributed to Groucho Marx and Charlie Chaplin, were somehow lost in the translation to Spanish of these comedians’ work, and were therefore innovative in Puerto Rican comedy. Epifanio would also throw things on purpose and deliberately missing the target, a technique used by Cuban-born comedic actor Leopoldo Fernandez, Jr., who was very popular in Puerto Rico at the time.

The format proved to be too rigid to sustain over time, so some of the logic behind the novela spoof was relaxed in a newer inception, “Epifanio’s Laundromat”, which was more centered on Epifanio himself. His attempts to attract clientele and sustain the laundromat would almost always have disastrous results. The owner of WLUZ-TV, Tommy Muñiz, grew tired of the constant struggles he faced to sustain his television channel, and as a result, sold the station to foreign owners, who changed the station’s format drastically. As a result, much of the station’s talent (including Alicea) were forced to migrate elsewhere. Alicea then joined Luisito Vigoreaux’s production company, and for close to twelve years starred in Vigoreaux’s best-rated television comedies. One of these paired him with Velázquez, starting a partnership that has remained strong ever since.
Already militantly partial to both the PPD and his hometown of Ponce, when the mayor of Ponce, Rafael Cordero Santiago, became a strong leader of the PPD, Epifanio incorporated more references to Ponce and its mayor in his lines. He had to slightly minimize these after Cordero’s untimely death from a stroke.

Susa is known for being good natured, naive at times, not too-well educated (words with more than three syllables give her trouble), for speaking atrocious English, and yet for being a New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico (PNP, in Spanish) supporter (as many pro-statehood Puerto Ricans are). She is single by choice, since her standard in men have to resemble either Cruise or PNP leader Pedro Rosselló, something that is rather difficult to find in Puerto Rico. She is also a good “jíbaro” singer (which gives away on Velázquez’s own talents as a singer), and is considerably more street-smart than Epifanio. Her trademark phrase is “¡Fuera, catarro!” (“Cold bug, go away!”), usually said as a wish for something unpleasant to go away (and particularly, referring to Epifanio).
Susa and Epifanio would star in various inceptions of their show on Puerto Rican television: “Susa y Epifanio”, “La Taberna Budweiser”, “El Kiosco Budweiser” and “Café Teatro El Fogón”, over various Puerto Rican television stations. They would also be featured constantly in Puerto Rican patron saint feasts, honoring the founding of each of the island nation’s municipalities. On their live shows they would sing parodies of Puerto Rican song standards ridiculing each other, and would make fun of each other, particularly over that fateful night at “La Hamaca”. They have also recorded a Christmas record together.While acting as Epifanio, Alicea has become a constant promoter of Puerto Rican artists and acts, covering the full spectre of the Puerto Rican humanities’ scene. He now voices his political opinions openly and vehemently, championing animal rights, drama and music classes on Puerto Rican public schools, gay and lesbian rights, better living conditions for the elderly, the HIV positive and children, and other liberal causes. This has somehow rehabilitated Epifanio’s image among Puerto Ricans, dismissing his “viejo daña’o” antics in favor of a more tolerant, less grumpy image. He still uses risqué humor to refer to women he physically likes, which he calls “potrancas” (young mares), and make the occasional pass to Susa.

Puerto Rican disc-jockey and television presenter Antonio Sánchez, “El Gangster”, would make constant reference to a fabled (some say infamous) motel in Caguas, Puerto Rico, “La Hamaca” (“The Hammock”) in his radio and television programs. Some television comedy characters in Puerto Rico would make occasional references to La Hamaca, and as a consequence of this, a vaudeville comedy play, called “Amor en La Hamaca” was written and produced (by Vigoreaux and his partners) to capitalize on the reference. The first installment of the play was successful, and a second run, having little to do with the first play, was written with Susa and Epifanio in mind. This would make good use of Velázquez’s singing and Alicea’s dancing skills (he was a choreographer for Iris Chacón once). In it, Susa and Epifanio would at last consummate their physical relationship, not without some absurd situations thrown in for comedy. “Amor en La Hamaca II” would become the longest-running play in Puerto Rican history, playing over 41⁄2 consecutive years. After their “night at the latas”, Susa and Epifanio would hint on having had additional nights together, but would tend to be discreet about it (or at least Susa was; Epifanio would give away details to her sheer horror).
After years of ambiguously identifying with the PPD as a movement instead of a political ideology, Epifanio’s character sided with the soberanista faction, which in the past had included prominent Ponce Mayor, Rafael “Churumba” Cordero. This wing is considered the party’s most liberal one, pursuing to promote Puerto Rico beyond territory status by replacing the current territorial clause with a pact based on the sovereignty of both Puerto Rico and the United States, while conserving some current aspects including citizenship, coin and defense. This posture was revealed while he worked as Epifanio in a play titled ¡Coge Cambio! from 2009 to 2011, and was made official with a “welcome card” issued by prominent soberanistas Carmen Yulín Cruz, Luis Vega Ramos and Carlos “Charlie” Hernández. While performing in character, Alicea became more vocal to this belief following February 2010, when an ailing William Miranda Marín, one of the most outspoken soberanistas in the history of the PPD, pronounced a speech urging all Puerto Ricans to look beyond personal interests to find the convergence needed to push Puerto Rico into the future. From this point onwards, Epifanio’s posture remained clear and unchanged, even after the ¡Coge Cambio! tour had concluded.Epifanio is a merchant, usually owning kiosks, small eateries or clubs. Due to his age, Epifanio’s hair is grey, although reportedly because of a toupée he wears to conceal his baldness. Most often he wears a red guayabera shirt with long sleeves.

Who killed Epifanio?
Teresa Teresa later shoots and kills Epifanio in front of his family.
Later on, Epifanio became an occasional sexual harasser of Susa’s, parodying Puerto Rican relatively lax community standards on the practice. Her mild (and sometimes supportive) reaction towards this somehow hinted that she had at least a passing physical attraction towards Epifanio. Epifanio would constantly make passes at her, asking her to join him at “las latas” (“the cans”, or warehouse space, at the back of his establishments), and pinching her, to the battle cry of “¡Te picó el juey!” (“The crab just pinched you!”). She would then either verbally humiliate him in front of other people as retaliation, or would physically assault him to keep him at bay. At times, though, sparks would fly between the two, something which they would deny when asked about it.On the character’s newer plot lines, Epifanio was still a misanthrope and was less racist than before, but would also turn out to be a geriatric sex addict, who would constantly attend the nearby “El Pocito Dulce A-Go-Go Girl Bar”, and hence would almost always be broke after spending his money in lap dances or the dancers themselves. Most often than not he would befriend “La Canita”, a dumb blonde stereotype character played by Puerto Rican comedian Waleska Seda, who would live off Epifanio and get him into financial trouble. This penchant for promiscuity earned Epifanio the moniker “El Viejo Daña’o” (from “dañado”, which literally translates to “The Damaged Old Man”). The epithet “viejo daña’o” has since become a common synonym in Puerto Rico for “viejo verde”, the Spanish phrase used to depict “dirty ol’ men”.Epifanio would also acknowledge a stronger affiliation to the Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico (PPD in Spanish), to the point of becoming an unofficial symbol for the party. The character has acted as comic relief on party rallies and fundraisers, and constantly dresses in red, the party’s color. Alicea, who is actually a supporter of Puerto Rican independence, again used his father as a basis for this. He builds upon the traditional loyalty of older members of the PPD to Luis Muñoz Marín, which borders in the near-religious. As a result of these cultural nuances, Epifanio would describe himself as “¡¡Católico y Popularrrrrrr!!” (Roman Catholic and PPD member), trilling the last “r” for emphasis (as the character often does). When reminded that Roman Catholics aren’t supposed to be as sexually “damaged” as he is, he either changes the subject rather obviously (very rarely) or claims that there is no reason for his proclivities to impede on his affiliations.Susa y Epifanio are a comedic duo of fictional characters from Puerto Rico. They hosted the radio program Prende El Fogón on WSKN-AM in San Juan, and the weekday television program El Fogón TV on WORO-DT in Carolina. They also make frequent personal appearances all through Puerto Rico and the diaspora. The duo made a cameo appearance in the 2005 feature film El Sueño del Regreso.

Víctor Alicea has repeatedly stated that he mainly modeled Epifanio González Villamil after his own father, with added characteristics from daily observations of real people. The character was born within El Derecho de Lavar, a comedy spoof on a particular radio (later television) telenovela, El derecho de nacer, whose basic format has been followed as a formula for almost 70 years in Cuban, Puerto Rican, Mexican, and other Latin American media. The “Taller de Actores Puertorriqueños” (Puerto Rican Actors’ Workshop), of which Alicea was a member, set up an entire story behind the parody, as to make it resemble the original but exaggerating its main story line as to make it absurd enough to have a comedy made out it.Velázquez tried her hand at entrepreneurship, and opened a night club in Bayamón, Puerto Rico; she would try to cater to every segment of the local market: from family comedy afternoons on Sundays to male stripper shows on Tuesdays. Susa Cruz would sometimes guest on some of the shows. The night club was forced to close after four months due to licensing restrictions (and some controversy from the club’s neighbors). When most Puerto Rican television stations opted to reduce local programming in favor of syndicated shows produced elsewhere, Alicea and Velázquez started a radio program, “Prende El Fogón”, on WSKN-AM (later moved to WIAC-AM). On this program they would comment the news (Susa would sometimes sing a décima commenting a particular item), and open the phone lines. Susa and Epifanio would ridicule each other’s political views, but more often they would ridicule the Puerto Rican political scene, something they claim would fit right into Gabriel García Márquez’s fictional town of Macondo in his book One Hundred Years of Solitude. The program has proven to be an audience favorite. It also opened a community service vehicle for Alicea and Velázquez, and particularly for Alicea. Susa and Epifanio have also taken their “Fogón” format into television. On their current television program, “El Fogón TV”, they attempt to interview political figures using humor to disarm them. Puerto Rican governor Aníbal Acevedo Vilá was their first guest. Susa and Epifanio have also recorded various radio and television advertisements, particularly for products and services catering to the aged, including supplementary health plans and audiology services. Don Epifanio was born in Ponce, Puerto Rico sometime near 1945, and claims to having been raised in an upper class subsection of town called “La Rambla” (named after La Rambla in Barcelona). In reality, and according to their one-time producer, Luisito Vigoreaux, Don Epifanio was born on the coastal sub-section of La Guancha, which is a working-class neighborhood. Since ponceños (the inhabitants of Ponce) have a reputation for being very fond of their hometown at best –and have a rather snobbyish attitude about it at their worst– Don Epifanio considers Ponce to be heaven on Earth, and is a constant promoter of the phrase: “Ponce es Ponce y lo demás es parking” (“Ponce is Ponce, and the rest –of Puerto Rico- is parking). However, he has since reluctantly moved to Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, where he currently resides. Susa y Epifanio llevan más de 30 años brindando alegría y carcajadas al público puertorriqueño desde la televisión, la radio y los escenarios de Puerto Rico y la costa este de los Estados Unidos. Los comediantes Susa y Epifanio se preparan para presentar su nuevo show navideño llamado “El Triki, Triki, Triki de Susa y Epifanio”. El evento subirá a escena en el Teatro Braulio Castillo de Bayamón el sábado 10 de diciembre. El show del viejo daña’o y su contraparte “Susa Cruz” presenta cómo “Epifanio”, en medio de todos los agravios que vive el país, augura una triste Navidad, pero “Susa” se niega a dejarse llevar por el pesimismo del viejo. ¿Cuál será la estrategia de “Susa” para hacer de esta Navidad una llena de música y alegría, e inundar el corazón amargado del viejo daña’o?

El espectáculo diseñado exclusivamente para la época navideña, ofrecerá una noche llena de tradiciones y risas para el público asistente. “El Triki, Triki, Triki de Susa y Epifanio” es un evento diseñado solo para adultos.
Tras el paso del hurac&aacuten María por Puerto Rico, los eventos que estaban programados para los meses de septiembre y octubre han sido cancelados o pospuestos hasta nuevo aviso.Jangueando en el Wikén es la guía de entretenimiento más completa de Puerto Rico. Fiestas Patronales, Deportes, Festivales Playeros, Conciertos, Comida. En fin tu calendario de actividades del wikén.

What is the first name before EDSA?
In 1946, it was named Avenida 19 de Junio for Jose Rizal’s birthdate. In the ’50s, EDSA was renamed Highway 54. Finally, on April 7, 1959, by virtue of Republic Act No. 2140, it was named Epifanio de los Santos Avenue or EDSA.
24. In October 2002, an FHM Philippines photo shoot stopped traffic at the EDSA-Shaw flyover. Starlet Diana Zubiri, clad only in a red bikini, posed for photos and drew the attention of motorists and the general public — and publicity — for the upcoming issue of the men’s magazine.28. There is only one Exorcism Office in the Archdiocese of Manila and it is actually located on EDSA. Well, in San Carlos Seminary, on EDSA-Guadalupe. At the ground floor, if we’re being specific.

29. And speaking of exorcism, the biggest bloodless one happened on the evening of Feb 22. It was originally supposed to be a coup, but Marcos learned of the plot. So the rebel leaders, chief among them Juan Ponce Enrile, called on Fidel V. Ramos for help. The two held a press conference at Camp Aguinaldo at about 6pm, and then turned to Manila Archibishop Jaime Cardinal Sin for help. Sin in turn, took to radio. He made an appeal on Radio Veritas at around 9pm for anyone listening to head out to EDSA — to Camp Crame and Camp Aguinaldo, specifically — to support the rebel leaders however which way they can: food, supplies, emotional support, everything. The first to arrive were the nuns and the priests, and soon, there were enough Filipinos to topple the Marcos dictatorship.
21. In 1965, Camp Murphy was divided into two: Camp Aguinaldo, after the first president of the Philippines, Emilio Aguinaldo; and Camp Crame, after the first Filipino Chief of the Philippine Constabulary, Brigadier General Rafael Cramé. Camp Aguinaldo is the military headquarters of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) while Camp Crame, the former national headquarters of the Philippine Constabulary, is currently the national headquarters of the Philippine National Police (PNP).4. EDSA was only meant to be a two-lane highway. When construction started in the 1930s, under Pres. Manual L. Quezon, the boulevard was named “North-South Circumferential Road.”

3. It is named after Epifanio de los Santos y Cristobal. “Don Panyong” was historian, jurist, artist, literary critic, and scholar born on April 7, 1871 in Malabon.
B buses, meanwhile are Coded Blue. Southbound, they stop at Kamuning, Monte de Piedad, Main Avenue, POEA Ortigas, Pioneer/Boni, Estrella, Ayala Avenue. Northbound, they stop at Ayala Avenue, Estrella, Pioneer/Boni, SM Megamall, Ortigas Avenue, Main Avenue, Baliwag/5 Star.

5. In 1946, it was named Avenida 19 de Junio for Jose Rizal’s birthdate. In the ‘50s, EDSA was renamed Highway 54. Finally, on April 7, 1959, by virtue of Republic Act No. 2140, it was named Epifanio de los Santos Avenue or EDSA.
Strangely enough, hardly anyone knows anything about the road where our freedom was reclaimed. It is the same road that everyone plows through — and even curses — every single day. Because it is the 29th anniversary of the first EDSA Revolution, here’s EDSA in 29 points!

16. The Araneta Coliseum, found in the Cubao area of EDSA, is the country’s first huge coliseum. This is where the legendary Thrilla in Manila match, between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier was held. Later on, institutions like the Farmer’s Market, Matzuzakaya (a Japanese department store), and Matzuzaka House (a Japanese restaurant) were erected here.
20. Camp Murphy was established on January 11, 1935. It was the precursor of today’s Camp Aguinaldo and Camp Crame, named after the first American high commissioner, Frank Murphy. It consisted of 178.78 hectares.

27. In 2011, there were a whopping total of 2,000 billboards along the entire stretch of EDSA. According to MMDA Chairman Francis Tolentino, that is about 90 billboards per kilometer.
11. EDSA was featured in the Hollywood movie Bourne Legacy. During the intense action chase scene, the protagonist Jeremy Renner, makes his way along the stretch between Magallanes and Taft.

14. The EDSA Shrine, designed by Franciso Mañosa, was built in 1989 on the corner of Ortigas Avenue. The image of Our Lady of Peace was sculpted by Virginia Ty-Navarro.25. On September 1, 2014, a photo of a “hulidap” (members of law enforcement involved in illegal activity) on EDSA, Mandaluyong in broad daylight, went viral. It was the kidnapping of a businessman spearheaded by rogue cops from the La Loma Police station in Quezon City and a dismissed cop. The group had also been credited with other similar crimes. 6. The last extensions were made in 1965. The northbound lane was extended from Balintawak to Monumento, the official name of which is Apolonio Samson Road, where the Bonifacio Monument stands. The southbound lane was extended from Magallanes to Taft Avenue and eventually to Roxas Boulevard. But, a PS: Just recently, EDSA was once again extended all the way to SM Mall of Asia. 8. There are 13 malls along the 23.8 kilometer stretch: SM North EDSA, Trinoma, Eton Centris/Centris Walk, Araneta Center/Farmer’s Plaza, Robinsons Galleria, SM Megamall, Starmall, Shangri-la Plaza, Robinsons Forum, Glorietta, Alphaland Southgate Mall, Metropoint Mall, and finally, SM Mall of Asia.15. When you turn into P. Tuazon Boulevard on EDSA northbound, you will find the “Bahay na Puti” or The White House. It is the ancestral house of the Aranetas designed by J. Amado and built in 1956. The land used to be owned by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA).

18. Club Dredd, a Pinoy rock institution, moved to 19 kilometer EDSA in January 1994. It is here where the resurgence of Pinoy rock in the ‘90s took place. Bands like The Eraserheads, The Teeth, Put3Ska, Sugar Hiccup, and Parokya ni Edgar skyrocketed to nationwide prominence. Alas, it finally closed in 1998. The same structure is now home to the Gold Cup Shooters Club.
2. According to a July 17, 2013 article by Botchi Santos in Philippine Daily Inquirer, an average of 330,000 vehicles go through EDSA on a daily basis.19. Pupil’s video for “20/20” was shot in several parts of EDSA. The catch? It was completely carless! It was shot during Holy Week in 2011, with the production team enlisting the help of the MMDA to control the relatively light traffic on the usually busy thoroughfare. 23. Under the MMDA Bus Segregation System, there are three types of buses that ply along EDSA, between Magallanes and Kamuning. Bus A, which are coded Red, stops at Ermin Garcia, Arayat Cubao, VV Soliven, Connecticut, Shaw Starmall, Guadalupe, Buendia Avenue and Mantrade for its southbound route; and Magallanes, Buendia Ave, Guadalupe, Shaw Boulevard, SM Megamall, Boni Serrano, Cubao Farmers, Ermin Garcia for its northbound. Twenty-nine years ago, we toppled the Marcos regime with a peaceful, bloodless People Power revolution. It was a four-day uprising, where people peacefully took to EDSA, offering support to the rebel leaders in the form of food, prayers, flowers, and song, reclaiming our freedom.12. Another international film that featured EDSA? The British movie Metro Manila. It was directed by Sean Ellis and produced by Celine Lopez — yes socialite Celine Lopez. If we remember correctly, we espied EDSA-Guadalupe and EDSA-Kamuning in the depressing movie that, by the way, won distinctions at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival (Audience Choice Award, World Cinema-Dramatic category) and the 16th Moet British Independent Film Awards (Best British Independent Film of the Year). It was also the United Kingdom’s entry for Best Foreign Film at the 86th Academy Awards (Oscars).

9. In the 1960s, the first A&W Rootbeer restaurant in the Philippines could be found on EDSA. The drive-in restaurant, owned by the Guthertz family, had waitresses in roller skates, wheeling around to serve those beautiful rootbeer floats. It is now where Farmer’s Mall stands.
10. In 2011, Cong. Rene Lopez Relampagos of Bohol filed House Bill No. 5422 in the House of Representatives. It proposed that EDSA be renamed Corazon Aquino Avenue. It actually had a first reading in November 2011.26. Of the 1,458 road accidents recorded by the MMDA in September 2014, 553 were on EDSA alone. From 2010 to 2013, meanwhile, accidents on EDSA account for 7.91% — or 1 out of 13 accidents — in Metro Manila, that is, according to a study conducted by Troy james Palanca, who is an economist and certified public accountant.

22. According to, four of Metro Manila’s areas that are most prone to heavy flooding are on EDSA-Taft Avenue, EDSA-Camp Aguinaldo Gate 3, EDSA-Megamall, and EDSA-North Avenue.Como a través de su manera de hacer reír dice muchas verdades, Víctor Alicea reveló lo que le preocupa del Puerto Rico actual. “¡Me encanta la pregunta! Es un tema que me encanta. Yo soy educador de vocación. No puedo entender que un maestro gane menos que un legislador. La educación y los niños hay que protegerlos. Esa es la mejor inversión de un futuro. Un (pupitre) vacío hay que darle seguimiento, dónde está ese niño porque termina en los puntos (de drogas). ¡Y aquí no se le da seguimiento! La educación es la base principal de un país. ¡La mejor inversión! Me preocupa porque cada día… (interrumpió nuevamente) Me acuerdo que cuando yo estaba en la escuela bajo Instrucción Pública, no era Educación, ahí había teatro, coro, artes plásticas… Las artes en la escuela no es necesariamente para ser artista. El arte humaniza a las personas, a los niños, a la juventud. Tenemos que invadir las comunidades, en vez de policías, ¡con más arte…! Vivimos en una sociedad que nos enseña desgraciadamente que valemos por lo que tienes. Esa persona no tuvo una base para desarrollarse como humanista”.

Carmen Nydia indicó que siente el respeto por parte de los nuevos talentos de la comedia. “¡Tienen un respeto tan increíble! Yo me niego a ponerme vieja. Cuando estoy con ellos, siento que soy igual que ellos. Me tratan con respeto y delicadeza. Yo soy igual que ellos. ¡Aquí hay mucho talento! Aquí hay muchos actores no solo de la comedia, sino del drama y todas las facetas que son buenísimos… Si alguna vez no lucen es porque no están en el libreto que es… Cada día estoy tan orgullosa de los actores que están saliendo. A pesar de que están en una carrera con muchos tropiezos, veo que tienen ganas y le meten ganas”, manifestó.
La crisis que enfrentó el País por los fenómenos naturales caló hondo en la actriz provocando, “sentirme como en una etapa de abandono, pero rápido empecé a buscar qué hacer. Recuerdo que Carlos Esteban Fonseca y yo nos metimos en un negocio mexicano en Puerta de Tierra para hacer bohemias. Así caían dos o tres pesitos, era también por exponernos… Sí pienso que soy privilegiada porque bastante rápido empezamos (Víctor Alicea y ella) a tener exposición con los personajes y nos hemos mantenido trabajando”.

Velázquez, quien vive a plenitud su trabajo, aceptó que durante su travesía por distintos escenarios y centros de trabajo ha podido hacer ahorros que le han ayudado en tiempos de poca actividad laboral. Sin embargo, por tener vocación y amor al pueblo, también ha hecho proyectos que no ha devengado mucho dinero, pero “esto es lo que nos gusta y lo hacemos”.
Consciente de que en los últimos años el pueblo puertorriqueño ha enfretado desde huracanes, temblores y una pandemia, a Víctor Alicea le duele que en esos instantes resurja el monstruo de la corrupción. “¡Me duele la corrupción! Me duele porque nos están tomando las playas que son del pueblo; esa Ley 22 (un incentivo exime del pago de contribuciones sobre ganancias de capital a extranjeros que mueven su vivienda principal a la Isla) donde está todo el mundo comprando aquí… Ese incentivo no se lo dan a los jóvenes para que se queden aquí en los centros urbanos. ¡Se gradúan y se nos van! Puerto Rico se está convirtiendo en una sociedad de viejos. Se nos están yendo los jóvenes…Me preocupa el País en términos de corrupción. Me preocupa el País en que el dinero está mal repartido”.

Víctor Alicea hizo un análisis rápido de su vida llegando a la conclusión de que “yo me siento muy feliz. He madurado. No es solo madurando por la edad; sino también con las experiencias. Uno madura aprendiendo y desaprendiendo. Uno desaprende con grandes amistades que te enriquecen la vida. Me siento feliz…. No tengo pareja después de 35 años que tuve. Hace 10 años estoy separado. Soy la persona más feliz con mis dos perritas, Yuya e Isis, que son adoptadas. Yo me pongo a ver televisión o escuchar radio con ellas. Veo las series en Netflix”.De la situación actual de Puerto Rico, la actriz lamentó que “a veces digo que nosotros vamos pa’ trás. Hay tantas cosas que no acaban de mejorar. Hay tantas cosas que se repiten. ¡Los mismos errores! Uno dice, cuándo se va a alcanzar una madurez para entender, subsanar, para echar pa’ lante. Eso me preocupa, que la gente tenga como una venda en los ojos y no se dé cuenta que a veces estamos en un retroceso”.

Who played Susa y Epifanio?
Carmen Nydia Velázquez Carmen Nydia Velázquez (born 2 October 1947) is a Puerto Rican comedian, actress and singer. She is best known for her fictional role in the comedic duo Susa y Epifanio which has been featured in popular radio and television programs in Puerto Rico for 30 years.
Como toda persona, la artista ha enfrentado sus pérdidas, pero se considera “una mujer súper positiva. Amo la vida, mucho, mucho…”. Al mismo tiempo, Carmen Nydia Velázquez compartió que muchísimos seguidores en medio de penas y tragedias la detienen en la calle para “dar las gracias porque los hacemos felices, ¡los hacemos reír!”.Subrayó que otro elemento a favor de “Susa” y “Epifanio” es la química con su compañera de escena, Carmen Nydia Velázquez, por casi 34 años. “Ya nos trepamos a un escenario y no necesitamos ni libreto; ponemos tema 1, tema 2, tema 3, y por ahí seguimos. Hacemos el show tipo musical… Tenemos la suerte de que hemos brincado generaciones. Nos va a ver gente desde los abuelitos, los papás, los hijos que se criaron con nosotros. Muchos ven los programas (de su trayectoria) por YouTube, que los repiten. Recuerda que ’El Kiosko’ estuvo muchos años en prime-time y la gente tiene esa memoria”, abundó.