Skip to content

You Need To Divide The Number Of Cars By The

The term ‘average’ refers to the ‘middle’ or ‘central’ point. When used in mathematics, the term refers to a number that is a typical representation of a group of numbers (or data set). Averages can be calculated in different ways – this page covers the mean, median and mode. We include an averages calculator, and an explanation and examples of each type of average.

The ‘mean’ or ‘arithmetic mean’ is the most commonly used form of average. To calculate the mean, you need a set of related numbers (or data set). At least two numbers are needed in order to calculate the mean.We can also use averages to give us a clue of likely future events – if we know that we made £17.50 a day on average selling lemonade in a week then we can assume that in a month we would make:We could record average sales figures each month to help us predict sales for future months and years and also to compare our performance. We could use terms like ‘above average’ – to refer to a time period when sales were more than the average amount and likewise ‘below average’ when sales were less than the average amount.This eBook covers the basics of data handling, data visualisation, basic statistical analysis and algebra. The book contains plenty of worked examples to improve understanding as well as real-world examples to show you how these concepts are useful.

Next add the values in the Salary x Employees column to find a total: £3,095,000 and finally divide this number by the number of employees (100) to find the average salary:
The term ‘average’ occurs frequently in all sorts of everyday contexts. For example, you might say ‘I’m having an average day today’, meaning your day is neither particularly good nor bad, it is about normal. We may also refer to people, objects and other things as ‘average’.

In this example we can avoid adding each individual employee’s salary as we know how many are in each category. So instead of writing out £20,000 twenty-one times we can multiply to get our answers:
It is usually perfectly acceptable to say there is no mode, but if a mode has to be found then the usual way is to create number ranges and then count the one with the most points in it. For example from a set of data showing the speed of passing cars we see that out of 10 cars the recorded speeds are:

What is the correct way to divide?
So we don’t put anything above the 2. Now. We include both numbers if it doesn’t go into the first number you start including the second digit. Just 5 going to 25. Yes it goes in 5 times.
The numbers need to be linked or related to each other in some way to have any meaningful result – for instance, temperature readings, the price of coffee, the number of days in a month, the number of heartbeats per minute, students’ test grades etc.In this example, assume that you have bought a pack of 100 balloons, the pack is made up of 5 different colours, you count each colour and find that you have:

The use of material found at skillsyouneed.com is free provided that copyright is acknowledged and a reference or link is included to the page/s where the information was found. Material from skillsyouneed.com may not be sold, or published for profit in any form without express written permission from skillsyouneed.com.1,3,3,4,4,5 – for example, has two most frequently occurring numbers (3 & 4) this is known as a bimodal set. Data sets with more than two modes are referred to as multi-modal data sets.

What is a group of cars?
The most commonly used collective noun for cars is fleet.
The most widely used method of calculating an average is the ‘mean’. When the term ‘average’ is used in a mathematical sense, it usually refers to the mean, especially when no other information is given.

The first thing to do with this problem is to convert the time into minutes – time does not work on the decimal system as there are 60 minutes in an hour and not 100. Therefore we need to standardise our units before we can start:
To calculate the average number of days in a month we would first establish how many days there are in each month (assuming that it was not a leap year):

Option A is correct. A collection of cars is called a fleet. It can be classified as a collective noun. The name of a group of similar things or animals is known as a collective noun. The noun is the name of any animal, place, person, or thing. A collective noun refers to the collection of things taken as a whole. Examples of collective nouns include group, flock, gaggle, galaxy, etc. Usually, a collective noun is specific to the group. However, some collective nouns are common for everyone, like ‘group’. For example, a group of people, a group of dogs etc.
Here, the quantity is £10, which is being shared in the parts of the ratio, 2 and 3. Our aim is to find an equivalent ratio where the sum of the ratio parts is equal to 10.

How do you divide a number of cars by people?
And provide and submit the question. I will answer as soon as I can thank you very much for watching the video don’t forget to like share and subscribe our Channel. And keep supporting us.
6. A recipe for shortbread consists of plain flour, butter and caster sugar in the ratio 3:2:1. How much plain flour would I need for 900g of shortbread?1. There are \\( 10 \\) boys and \\( 9 \\) girls. Each person is to receive the same amount from \\( \u00a3380. \\) How much do all the boys, and all the girls receive? Express your answer as a ratio.

Note: Don’t be tempted to write your answer in its simplest form – you are finding an equivalent ratio where the parts total the quantity. That being said, it is a good way to check if your solution is correct. 4:6 does simplify to 2:3 , the original ratio.
If there are 2 shares in the first part of the ratio, and each share is £2, we multiply these values together to get the amount for that part of the ratio 2 \times £2=£4.3. A swimming club is tracking its members. They have 7668 members in the ratio of 2:3:4 (Males : Females : Children). Calculate how many people there are in each category.

What is a car divider?
Also known as sneeze or cough guards, these optically clear plastic dividers are used to separate individuals in vehicles. Choose between options for smaller cars such as sedans, crossovers, and SUVs or larger vehicles like trucks and vans.
2. (a) A soap is made from 2 ingredients A and B in the ratio 5:11. If I have 1.5l of ingredient A , how much of ingredient B would I need to make the soap?

A cocktail is made from mixing pineapple juice, orange juice, and sparkling water in the ratio 300ml:700ml:0.5l. How much of each quantity would be needed to make 6l of cocktail?Make sure that all the units in the ratio are the same. For example, in example 6 , all the units in the ratio were in millilitres. We did not mix ml and l in the ratio. 2. A company made £72000 profit. It divides the profit between its employees (E) and its shareholders (S). The shareholders receive 55\% of the profit. Calculate how much money the employees receive, giving your answer as a ratio in the form E:S. These questions can get quite wordy as they can apply directly to real life problems, usually involving money or food. This means that it is likely that you will have to draw out the relevant information from the question. You can also expect your answers to be integers (whole numbers), decimals, fractions or mixed numbers.A bag of sweets contains 600 sweets. The sweets were divided between boys and girls in the ratio 1:2. If there are 25 girls, how many sweets did each girl receive?

3. A swimming club is tracking its members. They have \\( 7668 \\) members in the ratio of \\( 2:3:4 \\) (Males : Females : Children). Calculate how many people there are in each category.
1. There are 10 boys and 9 girls. Each person is to receive the same amount from £380. How much do all the boys, and all the girls receive? Express your answer as a ratio. A garage sells hatchbacks and SUVs. 1600 cars were sold in one year at the garage, in the ratio of 3:2 of hatchbacks to SUVs. How many hatchbacks were sold? Dividing ratios is part of our series of lessons to support revision on ratio. You may find it helpful to start with the main ratio lesson for a summary of what to expect, or use the step by step guides below for further detail on individual topics. Other lessons in this series include:Prepare your KS4 students for maths GCSEs success with Third Space Learning. Weekly online one to one GCSE maths revision lessons delivered by expert maths tutors. All the units must be the same in the ratio and so 0.5l = 500ml sparkling water and so the ratio of pineapple to orange to sparkling water is 300:700:500. This means the total is equal to The ratio 5:4 has 9 shares, and 2 parts. This is because the ratio contains 2 numbers but the sum of these parts (the number of shares) is 5+4=9. You need to find the value per shape, so you need to use the 9 shares in your next line of working.

4. A farm is processing cherries into two categories, stalk attached or stalk not attached. In one season, the farm produces \\( 150,000 \\) cherries of which the ratio of those with and without stalks is \\( 8:7 \\) respectively. How many cherries are in each category? Express your answer as a ratio.
Take care when writing ratios as fractions and vice-versa. Most ratios we come across are part:part. The ratio here of purple:pink is 1:2. So the fraction which is purple is \frac{1}{3} (not \frac{1}{2} ). 6. A recipe for shortbread consists of plain flour, butter and caster sugar in the ratio \\( 3:2:1. \\) How much plain flour would I need for \\( 900g \\) of shortbread? To check your solution, add the final parts of the ratio together. If it is correct, this total should match the original quantity £4+£6=£10. This is correct.

The example above shows the use of bar modelling in how to share a quantity in a given ratio. Let’s have a look at another example using a three part ratio.2. A company made \\( \u00a372000 \\) profit. It divides the profit between its employees \\( (E) \\) and its shareholders \\( (S). \\) The shareholders receive \\( 55\\% \\) of the profit. Calculate how much money the employees receive, giving your answer as a ratio in the form \\( E:S. \\)

5. Air is made up of nitrogen, oxygen, and other gases in the ratio \\( 78:21:1. \\) A \\( 5l \\) balloon is filled with air. How much oxygen is in the balloon?

4. A farm is processing cherries into two categories, stalk attached or stalk not attached. In one season, the farm produces 150,000 cherries of which the ratio of those with and without stalks is 8:7 respectively. How many cherries are in each category? Express your answer as a ratio.
Also known as sneeze or cough guards, these optically clear plastic dividers are used to separate individuals in vehicles. Choose between options for smaller cars such as sedans, crossovers, and SUVs or larger vehicles like trucks and vans.

you need to divide the number of cars by the number of people to calculate cars per person on day one. Which formula can you type in Cell D92 to do this?
Should you not be entirely happy with any product you buy from us, please tell us about it as soon as possible. We will always work with you to provide a replacement or a refund if you would prefer to return the product to us (within a month timeframe from date of purchase).

Wherever possible, we use trackable shipping services to ensure your order reaches you quickly and securely. We aim to ship within two working days of receiving your order, normally within one day, provided the order is received before 12pm.\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014\u2014We understand that life happens and you may have to cancel your place(s), however we would appreciate as much notice as possible. If a substitute can attend in your place, no cancellation or admin charges will apply.

Give out cards with words on and ask people to form a group using the words. Could be fruits, veg, films, characters, anything. For pairs could be Fish and Chips etc.The two values above – flow and density – are directly linked to the average travel speed. These three are called the fundamental characteristics of a traffic flow, and the following formula links them. Traffic density is a second fundamental characteristic of any road. It tells you how significant is the congestion of cars on the road. If the density reaches its maximum, the flow drops to zero, forming a traffic jam. The flow is equal to zero in two cases – either when there is no traffic (no cars present on the road) or when all vehicles are stuck in a traffic jam and cannot move forward.

Traffic flow is usually measured by observing a road and noting the number of vehicles passing you. To convert this number into the hourly rate, you need to use the following equation:
This traffic density calculator helps you analyze the traffic on any road. Thanks to this tool, you will be able to estimate the traffic flow and density, as well as find out the average travel speed. Additionally, you will also be able to estimate the average distance between two consecutive cars on the road.Traffic flow is defined as the number of vehicles that pass by a point in a given time period. We usually express this value as an hourly rate – for example, you can observe a flow of 500 vehicles per hour on a highway.

3. In the Paste Special dialog box, click All option in the Paste section, select the Divide option in the Operation section, and finally click the OK button.Note: If you want to create formulas as well, please check Create formulas option. If the selected cells include formulas, and you don’t want to divide the calculated results of the formula, please check Skip formula cells option.Sometimes, we may need to modify a range of cells in Excel quickly. For example, I have a range of cells which containing the prices of a group of products, and I want to divide all the prices by 2, and now here comes the question, how can I quickly divide a range of cells by a number? 3. In the Operation Tools dialog box, select Division in the Operation box, input the divisor number such as 15 in the Operand box. And you can see the results from the Preview Pane. And finally click the OK or Apply button. See screenshot: 3. Then click button to run the code. In a popping up dialog box, please select the range with numbers you want to divide by a certain number, and then click the OK button. See screenshot:

The term motorcade was coined by Lyle Abbot (in 1912 or 1913 when he was automobile editor of the Arizona Republican), and is formed after cavalcade, playing off of the last syllable in that word. The original suffix in cavalcade is actually “-ade”, and there is no “-cade” in either French or Latin. -cade has since become a productive suffix in English, leading to the alternative names carcade, autocade, and even Hoovercade (after J. Edgar Hoover) as a suffix meaning “procession”. Eric Partridge called the name a “monstrosity”, and Lancelot Hogben considered the word to be a “counterfeit coinage”.Motorcade routes are coordinated and selected by Secret Service agents in cooperation with local police forces or US military in war-torn countries, For example when the president visited troops in Afghanistan, US military troops provided security to the motorcade. Escape routes are also established in the event of an emergency.

Depending on the size of the motorcade and who it is carrying, routes may be completely blockaded from the general public. For security, this often occurs for motorcades for heads of state or government.
The motorcade for the President of the United States comprises forty to fifty vehicles; in addition to the president, the motorcade may carry his or her spouse or children, members of the press, security, White House officials, and VIP guests. The major members travel in armored vehicles, typically specially configured limousines. The motorcade contains several armored vehicles, a USSS Electronic Countermeasures Suburban, a counter-assault team, and Secret Service agents. When called for, a hazardous materials team precedes the motorcade on alert for potential hazards.The routes for the motorcade are selected by the Presidential Security Service agents with cooperation with local police forces. There is always an emergency route set in case of any emergencies before the President goes anywhere. Motorcades can be used to transport a very important person, usually a political figure. Such a procession consists of several vehicles, usually accompanied by law enforcement support and additional protection to ensure the safety of the people in the motorcade. Motorcades for heads of government and heads of state can consist of dozens of vehicles, those being armoured cars, SUVs, and police motorcycles and cars leading the way and following. The motorcade is divided into two different parts, the first half being the part of the motorcade carrying the president and his or her spouse the second half carrying Blue House staff, more security and the press.

What does it mean to divide people?
transitive to separate people or things into smaller groups or parts.
A police presence precedes the beginning of the presidential motorcade. These cars and motorcycles always drive ahead to clear the way and block traffic and also are in constant communication with the secret service.Many people most notably saw the Korean presidential motorcade during the first Inter-Korean summit at the DMZ on the Korean border, where the leaders of the two Koreas met for the first time.The motorcade for the Prime Minister of Canada consists of usually at least ten vehicles, led by four police motorcycles in the front. The vehicle in the past was usually a Cadillac DTS extended wheelbase sedan, although a Chevrolet Suburban is more common for the prime minister nowadays. Other vehicles include Chrysler 300 sedans and Ford Crown Victoria sedans.

The motorcade for the President of South Korea comprises twenty to thirty vehicles; in addition to the president, the motorcade may carry his or her spouse, members of the press, security, Blue House officials, VIP guests, family, friends and cabinet members. High ranking cabinet members travel in armored vehicles, typically specially configured limousines or armored Cadillac Escalades. The motorcade contains several armored vehicles of different car brands, there is a counter-assault team, Presidential Security Service agents, medical teams, police escorts from the Korean National Police Agency and other unknown unmarked vehicles.
Harry S. Truman leaves Boca Chica Field in Key West, Florida, with Cecil C. Adell (center), and William D. Leahy, retired Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief, 1951

The motorcade for the president is made up of two parts, the first being the “secure package”. In the event of an emergency, the secure package separates from the rest of the group. It includes two limousines heavily guarded by local law enforcement and Secret Service, with all cars driven by professional drivers.
Motorcades can be used as protests and demonstrations. A large, organised, group of vehicles will travel a busy route at very slow speed in order to deliberately cause traffic disruption. This is a tactic most often associated with protest groups that have access to many large vehicles, such as truckers and farmers. An example is the 2005 UK protests against fuel prices. As part of the Euromaidan protests in Ukraine in November 2013—February 2014, the sub-movement that made use of car processions as the means of protest was called the Automaidan.The second part is made up of vans that transport White House staff members and selected members of the press. In the rear is the WHCA Roadrunner special communications van – which provides the primary communications path via satellite, allowing bi-directional voice, data and streaming video– an ambulance, and additional police vehicles.

You can use a calculator to perform division calculations, especially when you are dividing larger numbers that are more difficult to work out in your head. However, it is important to understand how to perform division calculations manually. This is helpful when you don’t have a calculator to hand, but is also essential for making sure that you use the calculator correctly and don’t make mistakes. Division can look daunting but in fact, as with most arithmetic, it is logical.We now divide 30 by 5 (or find out how many times 5 goes into 30). Using our multiplication table we can see the answer is exactly 6, with no remainder. 5 × 6 = 30. We write 6 in the units column of our answer. Next the recipe calls for 1tsp (teaspoon) of vanilla extract. We need to divide one teaspoon by 3. We know that division can be written as a fraction, so 1 ÷ 3 is the same as ⅓ (one third). You’ll need ⅓ of a teaspoon of vanilla extract – although in reality it may be difficult to accurately measure ⅓ of a teaspoon! We can enter 9 in the tens column as our answer for the second part of the calculation and bring our remainder in front of our last number in the units column. Our last number becomes 30.

The ingredients below are needed to make 24 fairy cakes, however, we only want to make 8 fairy cakes. We have modified the ingredients slightly for the benefit of this example (original recipe at: BBC Food).
If possible, you should try to memorise the multiplication table above because it makes solving simple multiplication and division calculations much quicker.We can work out other simple division calculations using the same method. 56 ÷ 8 = 7 for example. Find 7 on the top row, look down the column until you find 56, then find the corresponding row number, 8.

We can estimate the answer, to check that we are correct. Three lots of 1.5 ml gives us 4.5 ml. So three lots of ‘a tiny bit more than 1.5 ml’, gives us around 5ml. Recipes are rarely an exact science, so a little bit of estimating can be fun and good practice for our mental arithmetic. We can look at this another way, if we know that one teaspoon is the same as 5ml or 5 millilitres. (If you need some help with units, see our page on Systems of Measurement.) If we want to be more accurate, we can try dividing 5ml by 3. 3 goes into 5 once (3) with 2 left over. 2 ÷ 3 is the same as ⅔, so 5ml divided by 3 gives us 1⅔ml, which in decimals is 1.666ml. We can use our estimating skills and say that one teaspoon divided by three is a tiny bit more than one and a half ml. If you have some of those tiny measuring spoons in your kitchen, you can be super-accurate! We already know that 1 ÷ 3 is ⅓ and 2 ÷ 3 is ⅔. We will therefore need ⅓–⅔ of a tablespoon of milk to make eight fairy cakes. Let’s look at this another way. One tablespoon is the same as 15ml. 15 ÷ 3 = 5, so ⅓–⅔ of a tablespoon is the same as 5–10ml, which is the same as 1–2 teaspoons!

As before we start in the left (hundreds) column and divide 1 by 3. However 3 ÷ 1 doesn’t go as 3 is greater than 1. Next, we look at how many times 3 goes into 12. Using the multiplication table if needed we can see that 3 goes into 12 exactly 4 times with no remainder.
We know that 2 goes into 4 twice (4 ÷ 2 = 2) and we know that 1 goes into 4 four times (4 ÷ 1 = 4), but 5 does not go into 4 because 5 is larger than 4.The first thing we need to establish is how many 8’s there are in 24 – use the multiplication table above or your memory. 3 × 8 = 24 – if we divide 24 by 8 we get 3. Therefore we need to divide each ingredient below by 3 in order to have to right amount of mixture to make 8 fairy cakes.

What is the collective nouns a ___ of cars?
Fleet of Cars The collective nouns of cars is ‘Fleet of Cars’ or ‘Line of Cars’
This eBook provides worked examples and easy-to-understand explanations to show you how to use basic mathematical operations and start to manipulate numbers. It also includes real-world examples to make clear how these concepts are useful in real life.

The number we are dividing by (in this case 5) needs to go into the number we are dividing into (in this case 4) a whole number of times. It doesn’t have to be an exact whole number, as you will see.The amount of butter, sugar and flour are all the same, 120g. It is therefore only necessary to work out 120 ÷ 3 once, as the answer will be the same for those three ingredients.

What is a plural of a car?
Characteristics of NounsSingularPluralcarcarsdogdogshousehouses
When you divide a number by 0 you are not dividing at all (this is quite a problem in mathematics). 2 ÷ 0 is not possible. You have 2 sweets but no children to divide them among. You cannot divide by 0.Numbers must be divided in the correct order. 10 ÷ 2 = 5 whereas 2 ÷ 10 = 0.2. Ten sweets divided by two children is very different to 2 sweets divided by 10 children.Division is often considered the most difficult of the four main arithmetic functions. This page explains how to perform division calculations. Once we have a good understanding of the method and rules, we can use a calculator for more tricky calculations without making mistakes.A quicker way of performing this calculation would be to divide 10 by 2. That is, how many times does 2 go into 10, or how many lots of two gallons are there in ten gallons? 10 ÷ 2 = 5.

48, the number we’re looking for, falls between these two values. Remember, we are interested in the whole number of times that 5 goes into 48. Ten times is too many.
When you divide 0 by another number the answer is always 0. For example: 0 ÷ 2 = 0. That is 0 sweets shared equally among 2 children – each child gets 0 sweets.

Next the recipe calls for 1–2 tbsp of milk. That is between 1 and 2 tablespoons of milk. We have no definitive amount and how much milk you add will be dependent on your mixture consistency.
Our final example of division is based on a recipe. Often when cooking, recipes will tell you how much food they are going to make, enough to feed 6 people, for example.We can now say that 5 goes into 48 nine times, but with a remainder of 3. The remainder is what is left when we subtract the number we have found from the number we are dividing into: 48 – 45 = 3.In the example above we needed to calculate 10 ÷ 2. To do this, using the multiplication table locate the column for 2 (the red shaded heading). Work down the column until you find the number you are looking for, 10. Move across the row to the left to see the answer (the red shaded heading) 5.

What is the group of cars?
A collection of cars is called a fleet. It can be classified as a collective noun.
Division allows us to divide or ‘share’ numbers to find an answer. For example, let’s consider how we would find the answer to 10 ÷ 2 (ten divided by two). This is the same as ‘sharing’ 10 sweets between 2 children. Both children must end up with the same number of sweets. In this example the answer is 5.

It is still possible to perform changes (new authorisation) or extend the area of use of vehicles that do not have a type authorisation (and therefore no entry in ERATV), but are authorised or deemed authorised. Grandfather rights are preserved, unless otherwise stated in an explicit way in the TSIs.
Temporary authorisation to use the vehicle for tests on the network is only required where specified by the Member State’s legal framework. In such a case, the national legal framework should specify the process to be followed and the applicable rules.If the decision has been already taken before the relevant date (be it the decision that there is no need for a new authorisation, be it the authorisation decision), the file is considered to be closed, and there is no need to handover the file to the new regime. NoBos have to apply surveillance and audits of manufacturing process according to the relevant modules defined in Commission decision 2010/713/EU. The NoBo issues certificates when satisfied that the manufacturing processes and quality management system ensure that the manufactured vehicles conform to the type. Even in the case of a vehicle which has no type associated to it (which is normally the case for vehicles authorised before Directive 2008/57/EC) and where no other changes are required in the vehicle and/or vehicle type in order to be compatible with the extended area of use, there is a need to apply for an authorisation for the extended area of use, pursuant to article 21(13) of Directive (EU) 2016/797.Where the applicant has a choice of authorising entity and has made its selection, the applicant is not able to change its choice unless the initial application is terminated and the applicant triggers a new application to the other authorising entity. In such a case, the applicant has to restart the whole authorisation process from the beginning.

Similarly, where changes are made to an already authorised vehicle that introduce a deviation from the technical files accompanying the EC declarations for verification for the subsystems but do not require authorisation in accordance with the criteria set out in Article 21(12) of Directive (EU) 2016/797, and those changes are made by someone who is not the holder of the vehicle type authorisation, then the entity making the changes is required to notify the authorising entity of the changes that have been made. The holder of the vehicle type authorisation is not required to submit such notifications.
Fur such old vehicles, there is no holder of the vehicle type authorisation. Therefore a new type shall be created, following the change or the extension of the area of use. The applicant for the new authorisation or for the extension of the area of use will become the holder of the vehicle type authorisation for the new type. The new type shall then be registered in ERATV, under the exceptional mode, as the values for some of the parameters not impacted by the change or by the extension of the area of use will be unknown.

‘Renewed vehicle type authorisation’ is used when the design of a vehicle type has not changed but there is a change to the applicable rules that includes a requirement for renewal of the authorisation. The scope of the authorisation is limited to the changed rules.
In other cases the application and the file accompanying the application may be submitted by the applicant in any one of the official languages of the Union. Nonetheless the Agency and the national safety authorities concerned with the area of use can request that the applicant translates parts of the file accompanying the application. In order to reduce the need for translation and to facilitate exchanges during the assessment it is recommended to use English or a commonly agreed language for the assessment of the application. When applicable the choice of language for the assessment should be made during pre-engagement.The application is made through the One-stop shop. When the area of use is limited to one Member State the applicant chooses the authorising entity responsible for issuing the authorisation, to be either the Agency or the national safety authority for the Member State. In all cases where the authorisation is for a vehicle having an area of use covering more than one Member State the authorising entity is the Agency.For those cases where the decision by the MS/NSA on whether there is a need for a new authorisation or not has not been taken before the relevant date, there is a need to fulfil the requirements of the Directive (EU) 2016/797 and the Regulation (EU) 2018/545. The applicant needs to assess whether there is a need or not for a new authorisation, and if need be, submit an application through OSS. The Authorising Entity shall manage this application through the OSS.In the case of an authorisation in conformity to type, it is beneficial if the authorising entity is the same entity that issued the vehicle type authorisation.

Authorisation applies to vehicles and to vehicle types. A vehicle authorisation for placing on the market will always result in a vehicle type authorisation granted at the same time. A vehicle type authorisation (i.e. the design) does not necessarily require that a vehicle conforming to that type is authorised, the decision lies with the applicant.
OSS is an IT tool to support the process of application, assessment of the application and delivery of the authorisation. It is not to be used for other purposes. If there is no need to apply for an authorisation, there is no need to use the OSS. After authorisation, route compatibility is checked by evaluating vehicle data against the information from the Register of Infrastructure and/or the infrastructure manager. These are simple cross-checks. Some particularities of a network may require tests, but this should be seen as an exception The legal text of the Implementing Regulation on vehicle authorisation defines the time limits applicable to processing applications. These are the maximum times, not target times, and the actual time required will be influenced by the complexity and quality of the application.2. You will be informed by email when you have access to the draft type as an auxiliary user. At this moment, you can provide the technical details (steps 2 and 3) directly in ERATV. The draft type contains the TYPE ID to use in the authorisation application. More information about ERATV can be found here.

How do you divide groups of people?
5 fun ways to split people into groups (including 20 ideas!)create a line up. … do something physical. … use props. … polarisation (you can do this multiple times to get more groups) For example… … clusters – ask people to from clusters according to…
Assessment of applications is a process check and not a detailed examination of technical matters already sighed off by someone else (e.g. conformity assessment bodies or assessment body in the meaning of the Common Safety Methods on risk evaluation and assessment). If it becomes apparent that because of delays in managing the process there will be issues around timing then ERA will utilise its contingency measures (e.g. increasing the size of the team). If the issues are beyond the control of ERA then there will be a discussion with the applicant about the best way to proceed.4. In case of requests for publication of versions following changes categorised pursuant to Article 15(1)(c) of Regulation (EU) 2018/545, please inform the Agency about the completion of the draft entry for steps 2 and 3; the Agency will fill in step 4 and publish the entry in ERATV.

The holder of the vehicle type authorisation is the person that has applied for and received the vehicle type authorisation, or its legal successor. They are responsible for the configuration management of the vehicle type.
Pre-engagement is an optional stage that comes before the submission of an application for authorisation, where the applicant submits details of its proposed application so that a baseline can be agreed at an early stage in the process of developing the application.

What is a line of cars called?
A motorcade, or autocade, is a procession of vehicles.
An application that has not been found to be fundamentally deficient during the completeness check is then assessed by the authorising entity and concerned national safety authorities for the area of use. Any serious concern on the content of the application file, such that it needs to be amended before the authorisation decision can be made, may result in the rejection of the application if the matter is not addressed by the applicant within the assessment timeframe.In the event of a change to a vehicle type and where there is a new applicant that becomes the holder of the vehicle type authorisation for a new vehicle type based on an existing vehicle type:

An application that is fundamentally deficient can be rejected during the completeness check, which takes place within one month of the receipt of the application.
ERATV is a register of vehicle type authorisations, meaning the “digitalization” of the issued authorisation. Authorisations of vehicles (be it for placing in service or for placing on the market) are out of the scope of ERATV.The authorising entity is required to carry out a completeness check of the application within one month. For authorisation in conformity to type the decision should also be taken within one month. For other authorisation cases a decision must be made no later than four months after acknowledging the file is complete.

New types are generally need if a manufacturer creates from new a railway vehicle (namely, new design). They may decide to divide this new design into different models in which case they can either have different types of each model or have one type with a number of variants.
‘Authorisation in conformity to type’ is used for a vehicle or a series of vehicles that conform to an already authorised and valid vehicle type. The authorisation is given on the basis of a declaration of conformity to that type. ‘New authorisation’ applies when a change has been made to an already authorised vehicle and/or vehicle type that requires authorisation. The scope of the assessment is limited to the changes. The applicant can choose one of the official languages of the Union for preparing and submitting the application and the file accompanying the application. As a general rule, a patchwork approach to languages, where different parts of the file are submitted in different official languages of the Union, will not be accepted. However, when the team performing the assessment has the necessary language skills to assess efficiently the application, or when the applicant provides proper translations to the language chosen for the application, the Agency may accept several official languages of the Union within the file accompanying the application.